Gian Sagar Dental College and Hospital

Rājpura, India

Gian Sagar Dental College and Hospital

Rājpura, India
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PubMed | Rayat and Bahra Dental College and Hospital, Gian Sagar Dental College and Hospital, Laxmi Bai Institute of Dental science and Hospital and Sarabha Dental College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology | Year: 2015

Periodontal disease is one of the most prevalent dental diseases, which affects the adult population of the world, varying only in degree from mild to severe. Transport industry is considered an important pillar for socioeconomic development of any nation. The present study was carried out to assess the periodontal health status of transport workers working in Chandigarh Transport Undertaking (CTU) buses, Chandigarh (Union territory).A cross-sectional study was conducted on all available CTU workers at all three bus depots. The data were recorded on a modified WHO format (1997). A total of 998 subjects were included for community periodontal index (CPI) and attachment loss computations after doing necessary exclusions. Periodontal status was evaluated using CPI.About 8.13% of the subjects had healthy periodontium while maximum subjects (73.2%) had a score 2 (calculus) as evaluated by CPI. 3.4% (12) of the subjects belonging to upper middle class had deep pockets as compared to 1.9% (10) of the subjects in the lower middle class. None of the subjects in the upper high, high, and upper middle socioeconomic status (SES) category had a loss of attachment score 4. 25.9% of the postgraduates had a CPI score of 0 whereas 0.7% high school subjects had a loss of attachment score 4.Advanced periodontal disease (CPI score, 4) affected small number of subjects with maximum subjects (73%) having a CPI score of 2. There was statistically significant association of SES and education level with the CPI score and loss of attachment level.


PubMed | Brs Dental College And Hospital, Gian Sagar Dental College and Hospital, Swami Devi Dayal Hospital and Dental College and Sukhmani Dental College and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Indian journal of dentistry | Year: 2016

This study evaluated the efficacy of oral methylprednisolone and diclofenac sodium on post-operative sequelae after third molar surgery.A randomized double-blind clinical trial was conducted (with institutional and university approval for dissertation) to evaluate the effect of methylprednisolone with diclofenac sodium (group A) as compared with diclofenac sodium and placebo (group B) on three variables: Pain, swelling and trismus, after third molar surgery.Thirty consecutive consenting patients for surgical removal of mandibular impacted third molar were randomly placed into two groups of 15 each (groups A and B). Pain, swelling and trismus were observed by visual analog scale, facial measurements and inter-incisal opening. Scores were recorded after 24 and 72 h and on the seventh post-operative day. Results were subjected to the Chi-square test and independent sample t-test (P = 0.05).Mean difference in pain experienced between the two groups was statistically significant at 24 h (P = 0.015) and 72 h (P = 0.001) and on the seventh day (P = 0.005). Difference in inter-incisal distance was insignificant (P = 0.239) pre-operatively, but significant after 24 h (P = 0.014) and 72 h (P = 0.001) and on the seventh post-operative day (P = 0.001). Mean difference in swelling was highly significant after 24 h (P = 0.001) and 72 h (P = 0.0001) and on the seventh post-operative day (P = 0.047).The combination of oral dose of methylprednisolone (a corticosteroid) diclofenac sodium (a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug) was found to be more effective than diclofenac sodium alone on the sequelae of surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molar.


PubMed | Chintpurni Medical College and Hospital and Gian Sagar Dental College and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Indian journal of dentistry | Year: 2015

The aim of the study was to compare the efficacy of chlorhexidine gluconate 2.5 mg (Periochip) and Minocycline hydrochloride 1 mg (Arestin) as local drug delivery agents in the management of chronic periodontitis.Twenty patients in the age group of 30-50 years suffering from chronic periodontitis (12 males and 8 females), with almost identical probing depth bilaterally (5-8 mm), and exhibiting bleeding on probing were selected and divided into two groups: Group I consisted of periodontal pockets on the left side and received Periochip and group II consisted of periodontal pockets on the right side and received Arestin. Patients were recalled after 6 weeks and 3 months intervals from the baseline visit to record plaque index, gingival index, and probing depth.There was reduction in all the parameters in both the groups at 6 weeks and 3 months as compared to baseline.From the results of the present study, it was concluded that both the drugs were equally effective in reduction of plaque scores as well as gingival scores. It was further observed that Arestin resulted in better results at 6 weeks while Periochip showed better results at 3 months with respect to probing depth reduction.


Gambhir R.S.,Gian Sagar Dental College and Hospital | Brar P.,University of Punjab | Singh G.,Gian Sagar Dental College and Hospital | Sofat A.,Gian Sagar Dental College and Hospital | Kakar H.,Apollo Dental Clinic
Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine | Year: 2013

Oral health has a significant impact on the quality of life, appearance, and self-esteem of the people. Preventive dental visits help in the early detection and treatment of oral diseases. Dental care utilization can be defined as the percentage of the population who access dental services over a specified period of time. There are reports that dental patients only visit the dentist when in pain and never bother to return for follow-up in most cases. To improve oral health outcomes an adequate knowledge of the way the individuals use health services and the factors predictive of this behavior is essential. The interest in developing models explaining the utilization of dental services has increased; issues like dental anxiety, price, income, the distance a person had to travel to get care, and preference for preservation of teeth are treated as barriers in regular dental care. Published materials which pertain to the use of dental services by Indian population have been reviewed and analyzed in depth in the present study. Dental surgeons and dental health workers have to play an adequate role in facilitating public enlightenment that people may appreciate the need for regular dental care and make adequate and proper use of the available dental care facilities.


Gambhir R.S.,Gian Sagar Dental College and Hospital | Sogi G.M.,MM University | Veeresha K.L.,MM University | Sohi R.K.,MM University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine | Year: 2013

Aim: To assess the dental health status and treatment needs of transport workers working in Chandigarh Transport Undertaking (C.T.U.) buses, Chandigarh. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on all the available C.T.U. workers at all three bus depots. The data were recorded on a modified W.H.O. format (1997). A total of 1008 subjects constituted the final sample size. Results: The mean age of the subjects was 45.3 ± 7.8 years, and 97% (978) were males. Prevalence of dental caries was 63.4% and mean DMFT was 5.02. 47.6% of subjects needed some prosthesis in the maxillary arch while 53.3% needed some prosthesis in the mandibular arch. Regarding highest CPI (Community Periodontal Index) score, 8.13% of the subjects had healthy periodontium while maximum subjects (73.2%) had a score 2 (Calculus). Conclusion: Mean DMFT (Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth) was satisfactory. Prosthetic need of the subjects was high with only a few subjects possessing prosthesis. Advanced periodontal disease (CPI score, 4) affected small number of subjects with maximum subjects (73%) having a CPI score of 2.


PubMed | Pacific Dental College and Hospital and Gian Sagar Dental College and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The Nigerian postgraduate medical journal | Year: 2016

The community-based dental outreach programs play a very crucial role in declining discovery-delivery disconnect by introducing awareness through health education and dental adumbrating services to the community members. However, the success of any oral health programme depends largely on how it meets the needs and expectations of the target community. Therefore, the present study was designed for the assessment of patient satisfaction at various rural outreach dental camps conducted over a period of 2 months.The present study was conducted on patients visiting weekly and monthly outreach dental programmes organised by the Department of Public Health Dentistry. Data were obtained from a total of 298 patients using a pre-tested questionnaire as a survey instrument. The questionnaire consisted of nine questions, measuring the patient satisfaction levels on a five-point Likert scale.The highest mean satisfaction score (4.97 0.59) was observed for the question on the overall performance of camp, whereas waiting time for treatment, quality of the treatment and explanation of need for referral exhibited lowest mean scores. The mean satisfaction scores for the monthly camp (4.55 0.52) were significantly higher as compared to the weekly camps (4.38 0.55) (P = 0.013).The results of the study showed that the patient satisfaction scores were satisfactory to good for various aspects of the weekly and monthly dental outreach programmes. Such programmes should be conducted on regular basis, and comprehensive oral care should be provided.


PubMed | Gian Sagar Medical College and Hospital, Gian Sagar Dental College and Hospital and Rayat Bahra Dental College and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of maxillofacial and oral surgery | Year: 2015

The aim of our study was to evaluate antimicrobial prescription behaviour amongst dentists performing oral implant surgery in India.Dentists performing oral implant surgery from different parts of India were personally approached during various national events such as conferences and academic meetings and information regarding their prescription habits for antimicrobial agents in routine oral implant surgery was collected using a structured questionnaire.Out of a total sample of 332 dentists, 85.5% prescribed 17 different groups or combinations of antibiotics routinely for oral implant surgery in the normal healthy patient. Majority preferred the peri-operative protocol of drug therapy (72.2%) with variable and prolonged duration of therapy after surgery, ranging from 3 to 10days. An antimicrobial mouthwash was routinely prescribed by all the doctors (14.5%) not in favour of prescribing antimicrobials in a normal healthy patient.Our findings suggest that there is a trend of antimicrobial agent misuse by dentists performing oral implant surgery in India, both in terms of drugs used and the protocols prescribed. The majority of these dentists prescribed a variety of antimicrobial agents for prolonged durations routinely even in the normal, healthy patients.


Yadav K.,PGIMER | Sofat A.,Gian Sagar Dental College and Hospital | Gambhir R.,Gian Sagar Dental College and Hospital | Galhotra V.,Gian Sagar Dental College and Hospital
Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine | Year: 2014

Objective: The objective of this study was to estimate and compare the incidence of dentin hypersensitivity among men and women in an adult population who required replacement of missing tooth/teeth with a fixed partial prosthesis (FPD). Materials and Methods: The study population included 124 subjects (62 men and 62 women), who visited the out-patient department in need of FPD for replacement of missing teeth. After conducting routine examinations, each abutment tooth received two stimuli: Tactile and thermal to assess the sensitivity. The measurement of sensitivity was carried out by using a 10 cm visual analog scale before preparation and after preparation. The results were analyzed statistically using the Mann-Whitney U test. Results: The results showed that women reported more dentin hypersensitivity than men before and after tooth preparation. Conclusion: The results of the present study demonstrated that women reported more dentin hypersensitivity than men before and after tooth preparation. More studies are needed to explore this nature on gender basis.


PubMed | Gian Sagar Dental College and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Indian journal of dental research : official publication of Indian Society for Dental Research | Year: 2015

To determine the degree to which trabecular bone contributes to the radiographic visibility of laminadura (LD).Human dry mandibles were obtained, and a series of radiographs were acquired in the premolar region. Radiographs taken were: (1) Before removal of any bone, (2) After removal of small amount of cortical bone at the apex of tooth, (3) Removal of trabecular bone, (4) Smoothing of endosteal surface of cortical bone. The radiographs were projected to a panel of six oral radiologists, and they were asked to judge the visibility of LD.Chi-square analysis revealed a significant radiographic difference between radiographs made initially and after removal of trabecular bone, cortical bone and smoothing the endosteal surface of cortical bone.There was statistically significant difference in the visibility of loss of LD when trabecular bone is lost. LD can be visible only if the endosteal surface of the cortical bone and trabecular bone is intact.


PubMed | Gian Sagar Dental College and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry | Year: 2015

The implant-to-tissue interface is an extremely dynamic region of interaction. Generally, a surgical procedure is performed on a patient to insert a foreign material into the bone, and the body is called on to heal the wound. The time schedule crucial for a healing process that is expected to result in restitution ad integrum must be determined with respect to the condition of the individual patient and tissue to be treated. There are various factors responsible for the formation of an adequate bone-implant interface. A comprehensive review of the response of bone to implant is described.

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