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Kaur G.,Gian Sagar Dental College and Hospital | Gondal R.,GB Pant Hospital
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Year: 2011

Oral leiomyoma is a benign smooth muscle tumor with a low incidence. Oral leiomyomas present as slow growing, asymptomatic sub mucosal masses, usually in the tongue, hard palate or buccal mucosa. They may be seen at any age and are usually discovered when they are 1 to 2 cm in diameter. The diagnosis is mainly determined by histological studies and special stains that confirm the smooth muscle origin. Surgical excision appears to be the best line of treatment and recurrence is unexpected. The purpose of this article is to present a case of a 32-year old male with a 1 month history of a leiomyoma on his right submandibular region.

Sekhon T.S.,SKSS Dental College and Hospital | Grewal S.,Himachal Pradesh University | Gambhir R.S.,Gian Sagar Dental College and Hospital
Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine | Year: 2015

Background: Periodontal disease is of public health concern and hence data on its prevalence rate are necessary. We have documented the prevalence pattern of periodontal disease in a rural population of Belgaum district, India, and identify the optimal treatment needs (TNs). Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried on 1680 dentate adult subjects, examined from 12 villages in Belgaum district, Karnataka, India for prevalence of periodontal status and their TNs (using Community Periodontal Index for Treatment Needs [CPITN]). Results: Increase in CPITN score positively correlated with age. Only 4.3% (13) of subjects in the age-group of 20-29 had a CPITN score of 4 indicative of pockets of 6 mm or more when compared to 26% (91) of subjects in the age-group of 45-60 years. 92% (569) of the subjects in the age-group of 30-44 were having a TN score 2 whereas only 5.3% (33) of subjects were having a TN score 0 in the same age-group. Significantly higher need for treatment was observed in males, smokers and subjects using finger and tooth powder. Surprisingly diet of the subjects did not influence TNs. Conclusion: Increased prevalence of periodontal diseases and TNs was observed. There is a need for initiating adequate awareness regarding oral hygiene, specifically primary prevention could help in reducing the prevalence of periodontal disease.

Gambhir R.S.,Gian Sagar Dental College and Hospital | Sogi G.M.,University | Veeresha K.L.,University | Sohi R.K.,University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine | Year: 2013

Aim: To assess the dental health status and treatment needs of transport workers working in Chandigarh Transport Undertaking (C.T.U.) buses, Chandigarh. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on all the available C.T.U. workers at all three bus depots. The data were recorded on a modified W.H.O. format (1997). A total of 1008 subjects constituted the final sample size. Results: The mean age of the subjects was 45.3 ± 7.8 years, and 97% (978) were males. Prevalence of dental caries was 63.4% and mean DMFT was 5.02. 47.6% of subjects needed some prosthesis in the maxillary arch while 53.3% needed some prosthesis in the mandibular arch. Regarding highest CPI (Community Periodontal Index) score, 8.13% of the subjects had healthy periodontium while maximum subjects (73.2%) had a score 2 (Calculus). Conclusion: Mean DMFT (Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth) was satisfactory. Prosthetic need of the subjects was high with only a few subjects possessing prosthesis. Advanced periodontal disease (CPI score, 4) affected small number of subjects with maximum subjects (73%) having a CPI score of 2.

Grewal S.,Mm Medical College And Hospital | Sekhon T.S.,SKSS Dental College and Hospital | Walia L.,Mm Medical College And Hospital | Gambhir R.S.,Gian Sagar Dental College and Hospital
Ethiopian journal of health sciences | Year: 2015

BACKGROUND: Obesity is a global epidemic with important health care and financial implications. The cold pressor test (CPT) which is considered to be a sympathy-excitatory manoeuvre is a simple, noninvasive and validated test. The objective of this study was to assess and compare the cardiovascular response to cold pressor test in non-obese and obese healthy adults.METHODS: The study included 400 subjects, of which the study group included 200 adults who had body mass index (BMI) of more than 30 Kg/m,(2) and 200 non-obese adults were enrolled as controls with BMI less than 25 kg/m(2). The study was conducted for a period of two months. CPT was used to assess cardiac response to acute cold exposure in the present study. Baseline systolic and diastolic blood pressure recording was done using mercury sphygmomanometer during resting condition and following cold pressor test. The results were expressed as mean, standard deviation, and data were analyzed using ANOVA test. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.RESULTS: The mean change in systolic blood pressure before and after cold pressor test (CPT) was less in obese (7.12 ± 5.28) as compared to non-obese subjects (10.38 ±6.35). This was statistically significant which indicates impaired sympathetic function in otherwise healthy obese.CONCLUSION: The study concluded that blood pressure response to cold pressor test was reduced in obese compared to non-obese subjects indicating reduced sympathetic activity in healthy obese adults.

Gambhir R.S.,Gian Sagar Dental College and Hospital | Sohi R.K.,Gian Sagar Dental College and Hospital | Nanda T.,PGIMER | Setia S.,Gian Sagar Dental College and Hospital
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2013

The teaching of Oral Health Education aims at preventing the dental disease and promoting dental health at early stages. Schools are powerful places to shape the health, education and well-being of our children. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of school dental health education programmes conducted in various parts of India. A systematic review from available literature was carried out. The study examined papers relating to oral health interventions which were published between 1992 and 2012. Ten articles were selected and included in the review. All the studies were found to contain the required information on the outcomes of school dental health programmes in India. Different methods were used to deliver oral health education. All the studies reported significant improvement in oral hygiene of school children after imparting dental health education. In some studies, school teachers were also trained to impart oral health education. Decreased level of awareness was found in children coming from low income families. Longer duration studies are needed to improve the results. School dental education programmes should be more focused on north-eastern Indian population.

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