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Bouche K.G.W.,Ghent Universitary Hospital | Vanovermeire O.,AZ Groeninge | Stevens V.K.,Military Hospital of Base Queen Astrid | Coorevits P.L.,Ghent University | And 6 more authors.
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders | Year: 2011

Background: No consensus exists on how rehabilitation programs for lumbar discectomy patients with persistent complaints after surgery should be composed. A better understanding of normal and abnormal postoperative trunk muscle condition might help direct the treatment goals. Methods. A three-dimensional CT scan of the lumbar spine was obtained in 18 symptomatic and 18 asymptomatic patients who had undergone a lumbar discectomy 42 months to 83 months (median 63 months) previously. The psoas muscle (PS), the paraspinal muscle mass (PA) and the multifidus muscle (MF) were outlined at the L3, L4 and L5 level. Of these muscles, fat free Cross Sectional Area (CSA) and fat CSA were determined. CSA of the lumbar erector spinae (LES = longissimus thoracis + iliocostalis lumborum) was calculated by subtracting MF CSA from PA CSA. Mean muscle CSA of the left and right sides was calculated at each level. To normalize the data for interpersonal comparison, the mean CSA was divided by the CSA of the L3 vertebral body (mCSA = normalized fat-free muscle CSA; fCSA = normalized fat CSA). Differences in CSA between the pain group and the pain free group were examined using a General Linear Model (GLM). Three levels were examined to investigate the possible role of the level of operation. Results: In lumbar discectomy patients with pain, the mCSA of the MF was significantly smaller than in pain-free subjects (p = 0.009) independently of the level. The mCSA of the LES was significantly smaller in pain patients, but only on the L3 slice (p = 0.018). No significant difference in mCSA of the PS was found between pain patients and pain-free patients (p = 0.462). The fCSA of the MF (p = 0.186) and of the LES (p = 0.256) were not significantly different between both populations. However, the fCSA of the PS was significantly larger in pain patients than in pain-free patients. (p = 0.012). The level of operation was never a significant factor. Conclusions: CT comparison of MF, LES and PS muscle condition between lumbar discectomy patients without pain and patients with protracted postoperative pain showed a smaller fat-free muscle CSA of the MF at all levels examined, a smaller fat- free muscle CSA of the LES at the L3 level, and more fat in the PS in patients with pain. The level of operation was not found to be of importance. The present results suggest a general lumbar muscle dysfunction in the pain group, in particular of the deep stabilizing muscle system. © 2011 Bouche et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Snauwaert C.,Ghent Universitary Hospital | Geerts A.,Ghent Universitary Hospital | Colle I.,Ghent Universitary Hospital | van Vlierberghe H.,Ghent Universitary Hospital
Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica | Year: 2012

A case report of a 44-year-old woman with an infrequent cause of ascites, i.e. intraperitoneal urine leakage, is presented. Urinary ascites due to spontaneous bladder rupture or fistula after radiation therapy for cervical cancer is not a rare complication and can develop several years after initial treatment. Diagnosis of urinary ascites should be suspected in patients with ascites and a history of radiation therapy for a bladder or a gynaecological disease. Measurement of urea and creatinine levels in urine, ascites and plasma is a simple and non-invasive diagnostic test. In physiological conditions, the ascites/plasma creatinine ratio approximates a ratio of one to one. This ratio is elevated to a value of ≥ 5/1 in case of urinary ascites. Although cystoscopy and imaging techniques such as cystography and computed tomography (with or without cystography) are extremely helpful, definitive diagnosis is frequently based on intraoperative findings, because of the lack of pathognomonic symptoms or signs. Surgery is the treatment of choice.

Gysel T.,Ghent University | Calders P.,Ghent University | Cambier D.,Ghent University | Roman de Mettelinge T.,Ghent University | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions | Year: 2014

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there is already an association of insulin resistance (IR) with muscle mass and -force/torque in an adult population and whether this relationship is the same in distal and proximal body parts. Methods: 358 Healthy young men were divided into a more insulin sensitive (MIS) (n=89) and a less insulin sensitive (LIS) group (n=89), respectively using lower and upper quartiles of HOMA-IR index (Homeostasis Model Assessment of IR). Muscle force/torque and lean mass, were compared between the two groups. Results: LIS subjects had higher absolute thigh lean mass, but not higher thigh muscle torque, resulting in a lower torque per kg muscle. In upper arm, lean mass was higher in LIS subjects, but also absolute muscle torque resulted higher. For handgrip force, the LIS and MIS group had similar results, despite a trend towards higher forearm lean mass in LIS subjects. Lean mass % of total lean mass is lower in LIS subjects in more distal body parts. Conclusions: Already in a young healthy population, IR seems to be associated with lower force/torque per muscle mass and lower lean mass % of total lean mass predominantly in more distal body parts.

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