PubMed | University of Zürich, Hellenic Army Academy and a Gesundheitszentrum St. Gallen
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Research in sports medicine (Print) | Year: 2016
We investigated trends in participation, performance and sex difference in performance in 3000 m freestyle in age groups swimmers (25-29 to 85-89years) competing in the Fdration Internationale de Natation World Masters Championships between 1992 and 2014. During this period, participation increased in women and men. Women and men improved race times across years in all age groups. Women were slower in age groups 25-29 to 70-74years. In age groups 75-79 and 85-89years, however, race times were similar for both women and men. Sex difference in performance remained unchanged across years. In summary, performance improved across years in all age groups, men were faster than women up to the age group 70-74years and women were not able to reduce the sex difference in performance to men across years. For athletes and coaches, an increase in participation and a continuous improvement in performance can be expected in these age group athletes.
PubMed | Hellenic Army Academy and a Gesundheitszentrum St. Gallen
Type: | Journal: Research in sports medicine (Print) | Year: 2017
The aim of the present study was to determine the age of the fastest running speed in 202,370 runners (34,090 women and 168,280 men) competing in the Comrades Marathon between 1994 and 2015 using non-linear regression analysis (second order polynomial function). When all runners were considered in 1-year age intervals, the fastest running speed (9.611.65km/h) was achieved at the age of 29.89years in men, whereas women achieved it at the age of 35.96years 8.601.10km/h. When the fastest runners were considered in 1-year intervals, the fastest running speed (16.65km/h) was achieved in men at the age of 36.38years. For the fastest women, the age of the fastest running speed (13.89km/h) was 32.75years. To summarize, for all runners, men achieved the best ultramarathon performance ~6years earlier than women. When the fastest runners were considered, however, men achieved the best performance ~4years later than women.