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Bad Münster am Stein-Ebernburg, Germany

Mitze T.,University of Southern Denmark | Mitze T.,Westphalian Institute for Economic Research | Burgard C.,Westphalian Institute for Economic Research | Alecke B.,Gesellschaft fur Finanz und Regionalanalysen GEFRA
Papers in Regional Science | Year: 2015

Using the introduction of tuition fees at German public universities as an exogenous shock, this paper investigates its causal impact on the enrolment and migration decision of high-school graduates. Specifically, we conduct a quasi-experimental analysis by exploiting the spatial and temporal variation in tuition fee regimes as a result of a Federal Constitutional Court decision. Our empirical results show that the introduction of tuition fees had a particular impact on student migration. We observe three effects: first, male students show a stronger migration response compared to female students. Second, changes in migration behaviour are sensitive to geographical distance. Finally, comparing different types of higher education institutions, we find that the migration effect is larger for universities compared to technical colleges and colleges of arts or music. © 2013 RSAI. Source


Mitze T.,University of Southern Denmark | Mitze T.,Westphalian Institute for Economic Research | Paloyo A.R.,University of Wollongong | Paloyo A.R.,Westphalian Institute for Economic Research | Alecke B.,Gesellschaft fur Finanz und Regionalanalysen GEFRA
International Regional Science Review | Year: 2015

In this article, we apply recent advances in quasi-experimental estimation methods to analyze the effectiveness of Germany’s large-scale regional policy instrument, the joint Federal Government/State Programme “Gemeinschaftsaufgabe Verbesserung der regionalen Wirtschaftsstruktur” (GRW), which is a means to foster laborproductivity growth in lagging regions. In particular, adopting binary and generalized propensity-score matching methods, our results indicate that the GRW can be generally considered effective. However, we find evidence for a nonlinear relationship between GRW funding and regional growth associated with a maximum subsidy level beyond which financial support does not generate further labor-productivity growth. In other words, there is a “purchase limit” on regional growth. Although the matching approach is very appealing due to its methodological rigor and didactical clarity, throughout the empirical application, we faced difficulties in balancing the set of covariates among treated and comparison regions, given that two sets of the regions differ strongly with respect to their underlyinrg structural characteristics. Such imperfect balancing may limit the practical applicability of matching techniques in regional data settings. Overall, however, the matching approach can still be considered of great value for regional policy analysis and should be the subject of future research efforts in the field of empirical regional science. © The Author(s) 2013. Source


Mitze T.,University of Southern Denmark | Mitze T.,Westphalian Institute for Economic Research | Alecke B.,Gesellschaft fur Finanz und Regionalanalysen GEFRA | Reinkowski J.,Bayerisches Staatsministerium der Finanzen | And 2 more authors.
Annals of Regional Science | Year: 2015

We examine the empirical link between collaborative R&D strategies and the research and innovation performance of small- and medium-sized enterprises in peripheral locations. Using a survey of German firms combined with time series information on patent applications obtained from the European Patent Office, we apply a comparison-group approach and estimate different “treatment effect” models to assess the notion of causality underlying this relationship. Besides accounting for observed and unobserved firm-specific heterogeneity, we thereby also control for the likely endogeneity of R&D collaboration as a strategic choice in the course of research and innovation activities. Our results for the period 2001–2007 indicate that engaging in R&D collaboration vis-á-vis a non-collaborative research strategy is related to higher outcome levels for a firm’s key research and innovation indicators such as R&D and patent intensity. We also find that this latter link varies by firm size and the organizational type of cooperating partner, and especially those firms that simultaneously engage in research collaborations with other private businesses and research institutes/universities show above average innovation performance. In contrast, the notion of spatial proximity to research partners is shown to be of less importance. Our results may be of help for the future design of regional policies supporting the research and innovation activity of small firms in peripheral and remote locations outside large metropolitan areas. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source


Alecke B.,Gesellschaft fur Finanz und Regionalanalysen GEFRA | Mitze T.,Westphalian Institute for Economic Research | Untiedt G.,Gesellschaft fur Finanz und Regionalanalysen GEFRA
Annals of Regional Science | Year: 2013

Private investment subsidies are a key instrument for regional policy making to foster the economic development in lagging regions. In this paper, we analyze their effect on labor productivity growth for German labor market regions for the period from 1994 to 2006. A spatially augmented multiplicative interaction model based on neoclassical growth theory is used, which allows us to assess the marginal effect of regional policy proxied by overall payments of the main German regional development program on the region's convergence speed conditional on its initial income position as well as policy-related spillovers from its spatial neighborhood. Our results show a statistically significant positive effect of regional policy on labor productivity growth, which increases, the further away the supported region is from its steady-state income level, and the more grants are provided to its geographical neighborhood. The latter effect highlights the existence of positive spatial spillover effects from regional policy in Germany, which enhance the attractiveness of the whole macro region for private sector investments. The additional growth stimulus provided by a 1 % increase in the region's funding volume is thereby related to an up to 0. 3 % gain in terms of labor productivity growth. For regions with the highest initial gaps to steady-state income in the sample distribution, the regional policy stimulus accounts for almost 8 % of the regions' productivity growth performance. © 2012 Springer-Verlag. Source

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