The Deutscher Wetterdienst, German pronunciation: , commonly abbreviated as DWD, , residing in Offenbach am Main, Germany, is a scientific agency that monitors weather and meteorological conditions over Germany and offers weather services for the general public as well as specific services for e.g. nautical, aviational or agricultural purposes. Organizationally, it lies within the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs . The DWDs main task is to warn against weather-related dangers, as well as monitoring and rating changes in the German climate. The organization runs atmospheric models on their own supercomputer to help in the task of weather forecasting. The DWD is also responsible for running the national clime archive and runs one of the biggest libraries worldwide that is specialized on weather and climate. Wikipedia.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SPA.2013.1.1-01 | Award Amount: 15.89M | Year: 2013
Production of an extended climate reanalysis of the 20th century, with consistent descriptions of the global atmosphere, ocean, land-surface, cryosphere, and the carbon cycle. Production of a new reanalysis of the satellite era with near-real time data updates for climate monitoring. Research and development in various aspects of coupled data assimilation to improve the use of observations in future fully coupled earth-system reanalysis productions. Preparation of input data sets required for reanalysis, including uncertainty assessments, homogenisation, data reprocessing. Data rescue activities aimed at improving climate reanalysis capabilities, including imaging and digitisation of historic in-situ observations as well as recovery and assessment of early satellite data records. Development of data services and visualisation tools for reanalysis output products, and for the observations used to create them.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENV.2012.6.1-1 | Award Amount: 13.24M | Year: 2012
Recent advances in our understanding and forecasting of climate and climate change have brought us to the point where skilful and useful predictions are being made. These forecasts hold the potential for being of great value for a wide range of decision-makers who are affected by the vagaries of the climate and who would benefit from understanding and better managing climate-related risks. However, such climate information is currently under-used, mis-used, or not used at all. Therefore there exists the opportunity to develop new technologies to properly exploit emerging capability from the climate community, and more importantly, to engage with the users of such technologies to develop useful and useable tools. The EUPORIAS project will develop and deliver reliable predictions of the impacts of future climatic conditions on a number of key sectors (to include water, energy, health, transport, agriculture and tourism), on timescales from seasons to years ahead. The project will do this through a strong engagement with the forecast providers and the users/decision-makers, who are both represented within the project. EUPORIAS will develop climate services and tools targeted to the needs of the users, and will share knowledge to promote the technologies created within the project. EUPORIAS will also improve the users understanding of their vulnerability to varying climatic conditions as well as better prepare them to utilise climate forecasts, thereby reducing risks and costs associated with responding to varying climatic conditions. As a result businesses, governments, NGOs, and society in general will be able to better manage risks and opportunities associated with varying climatic conditions, thus becoming more resilient to the variability of the climate. The project will provide the basis for developing a strong climate service market within Europe, offering the opportunity for businesses to capitalise on improved management of weather and climate risks.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: SPACE | Award Amount: 5.00M | Year: 2014
MACC-III is the last of the pre-operational stages in the development of the Copernicus Atmosphere Service. Its overall institutional objective is to function as the bridge between the developmental precursor projects - GEMS, PROMOTE, MACC and MACC-II- and the Atmosphere Service envisaged to form part of Copernicus Operations. MACC-III will provide continuity of the atmospheric services provided by MACC-II. Its continued provision of coherent atmospheric data and information, either directly or via value-adding downstream services, is for the benefit of European citizens and helps meet global needs as a key European contribution to the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) and the encompassing Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS). Its services cover in particular: air quality, climate forcing, stratospheric ozone, UV radiation and solar-energy resources. MACC-IIIs services are freely and openly available to users throughout Europe and in the world. MACC-III and its downstream service sector will enable European citizens at home and abroad to benefit from improved warning, advisory and general information services and from improved formulation and implementation of regulatory policy. MACC-III, together with its scientific-user sector, also helps to improve the provision of science-based information for policy-makers and for decision-making at all levels. The most significant economic benefit by far identified in the ESA-sponsored Socio-Economic Benefits Analysis of Copernicus report published in July 2006 was the long-term benefit from international policy on climate change. Long-term benefit from air quality information ranked second among all Copernicus benefits in terms of present value. Immediate benefits can be achieved through efficiency gains in relation to current policies. The estimated benefits substantially outweigh the costs of developing and operating the proposed services.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: INFRAIA-1-2014-2015 | Award Amount: 10.13M | Year: 2015
ACTRIS-2 addresses the scope of integrating state-of-the-art European ground-based stations for long term observations of aerosols, clouds and short lived gases capitalizing work of FP7-ACTRIS. ACTRIS-2 aims to achieve the construction of a user-oriented RI, unique in the EU-RI landscape. ACTRIS-2 provides 4-D integrated high-quality data from near-surface to high altitude (vertical profiles and total-column), relevant to climate and air-quality research. ACTRIS-2 develops and implements, in a large network of stations in Europe and beyond, observational protocols that permit harmonization of collected data and their dissemination. ACTRIS-2 offers networking expertise, upgraded calibration services, training of users, trans-national access to observatories and calibration facilities, virtual access to high-quality data products. Through joint research activities, ACTRIS-2 develops new integration tools that will produce scientific or technical progresses reusable in infrastructures, thus shaping future observation strategies. Innovation in instrumentation is one of the fundamental building blocks of ACTRIS-2. Associated partnership with SMEs stimulates development of joint-ventures addressing new technologies for use in atmospheric observations. Target user-groups in ACTRIS-2 comprise a wide range of communities worldwide. End-users are institutions involved in climate and air quality research, space agencies, industries, air quality agencies. ACTRIS-2 will improve systematic and timely collection, processing and distribution of data and results for use in modelling, in particular towards implementation of atmospheric and climate services. ACTRIS-2 invests substantial efforts to ensure long-term sustainability beyond the term of the project by positioning the project in both the GEO and the on-going ESFRI contexts, and by developing synergies with national initiatives.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SPA.2013.1.1-02 | Award Amount: 7.07M | Year: 2013
An ensemble system of regional reanalyses will be developed and run for the climatological time scale. The information content of the datasets and their uncertainties will be assessed in several ways and statistics analysed. The project will provide long-term datasets of Essential Climate Variables (ECVs) on the European regional scale in order to support adaptation action and policy development. The datasets will contribute to Climate services for Copernicus, climate monitoring and research. Regional reanalyses will be made in Ensemble mode and there will also be individual reanalyses with different models and methods. Observational data rescue (digitizing data in archives not currently available for use) will continue from EURO4M and enhanced gridded datasets will be developed and used for validation. The ensembles together with gridded datasets will form the basis for estimation of uncertainties of the constituent members. Large datasets will be built up and open and user-friendly access methods will be established together with the work in other topics of the SPACE call. This project builds on the experiences and developments in EURO4M but now the reanalyses will cover climate analysis time scales (30 to 50 years) and pioneer ensemble techniques for regional scale and highresolution reanalysis. It will build on and extend the global reanalyses (topic -01 ERA-20C, ERA-CLIM2 and ERA-Interim). Further downscaled high-resolution reanalyses will also be performed where more near surface ECV observations can be utilized. Indicator information (including uncertainties) will be applied to the reanalyses and there will be extensive validation against remote sensing and hydrological data. They will add to the validation effort, respond to user requirements, and demonstrate how the reanalysis information is best utilized for understanding past climates and climate change.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SPA.2012.1.3-03 | Award Amount: 2.74M | Year: 2013
A major difficulty faced by users of climate data is how to judge whether the data are fit for purpose. This is a serious barrier to widening the use of climate data by non-expert users. Different users require different information, such as reports on validation campaigns, the robustness of the algorithms used, and the data policy. We term this information Commentary metadata. Much work has been done on producing aspects of Commentary metadata, but there is as yet no robust and consistent mechanism to link it to the datasets themselves. CHARMe (Characterization of metadata to allow high-quality climate applications and services) will provide these essential links. CHARMe will create a repository of Commentary metadata (hosted by CHARMe or elsewhere) plus a set of interfaces through which users can interrogate the information over the Internet. The project will build some example applications that show the value of exploiting this information in real scientific problems. These functions will be performed through a web portal. The significant and lasting legacy of the project will be: robust and reusable frameworks for linking datasets with Commentary metadata, wherever it is held; reusable software tools that allow climate scientists and users to exploit this information in their own applications; development of best-practice procedures for owners of data archives to exploit these innovations to maximum effect; improved search, intercomparison and time-series analysis tools for large and diverse datasets. The project consortium encompasses data providers, scientists, and developers of future climate services, who participate in major European investments such as GMES, ERA-Clim, ESAs Climate Change Initiative, the Climate Satellite Applications Facility and EURO4M. This partnership is uniquely qualified to ensure that the CHARM system is suited to the needs of diverse user groups, and that existing investments are levered to maximum effect.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FETHPC-1-2014 | Award Amount: 3.98M | Year: 2015
ESCAPE will develop world-class, extreme-scale computing capabilities for European operational numerical weather prediction (NWP) and future climate models. The biggest challenge for state-of-the-art NWP arises from the need to simulate complex physical phenomena within tight production schedules. Existing extreme-scale application software of weather and climate services is ill-equipped to adapt to the rapidly evolving hardware. This is exacerbated by other drivers for hardware development, with processor arrangements not necessarily optimal for weather and climate simulations. ESCAPE will redress this imbalance through innovation actions that fundamentally reform Earth-system modelling. ESCAPE addresses the ETP4HPC SRA Energy and resiliency priority topic, developing a holistic understanding of energy-efficiency for extreme-scale applications using heterogeneous architectures, accelerators and special compute units. The three key reasons why this proposal will provide the necessary means to take a huge step forward in weather and climate modelling as well as interdisciplinary research on energy-efficient high-performance computing are: 1) Defining and encapsulating the fundamental algorithmic building blocks (Weather & Climate Dwarfs) underlying weather and climate services. This is the pre-requisite for any subsequent co-design, optimization, and adaptation efforts. 2) Combining ground-breaking frontier research on algorithm development for use in extreme-scale, high-performance computing applications, minimizing time- and cost-to-solution. 3) Synthesizing the complementary skills of all project partners. This includes ECMWF, the world leader in global NWP together with leading European regional forecasting consortia, teaming up with excellent university research and experienced high-performance computing centres, two world-leading hardware companies, and one European start-up SME, providing entirely new knowledge and technology to the field.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: EINFRA-5-2015 | Award Amount: 4.95M | Year: 2015
ESiWACE will substantially improve efficiency and productivity of numerical weather and climate simulation on high-performance computing platforms by supporting the end-to-end workflow of global Earth system modelling in HPC environment. This will be obtained by improving and supporting (1) scalability of models, tools and data management on state-of-the-art supercomputer systems (2) Usability of models and tools throughout the European HPC eco-system, and (3) the Exploitability of the huge amount of resulting data. We will develop solutions for cross-cutting HPC challenges particular to the weather and climate domain. This will range from the development of specific software products to the deployment of user facing services for both, computing and storage. ESiWACE leverages two established European networks, namely (1) the European Network for Earth System modelling, representing the European climate modelling community and (2) the world leading European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts. The governance structure that defines the services to be provided will be driven by the European weather and climate science community. Weather and climate computing have always been one of the key drivers for HPC development, with domain specific scientific and technical requirements that stretch the capability and capacity of existing software and hardware to the limits. By developing solutions for Europe and at European scale, ESiWACE will directly impact on the competitiveness of the European HPC industry by engendering new products, providing opportunities for exploitation beyond the project itself, and by enhancing the skills base of staff in both industry and academia. ESiWACE will be at once thematic, as it focuses on the HPC application domain of climate and weather modeling, transversal, as it covers several aspects of computational science, and challenge-driven, as climate and weather predictability represents a major societal issue.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: SPA.2012.1.3-02 | Award Amount: 2.78M | Year: 2013
CORE-CLIMAX will coordinate the identification of available physical measurements, which can be reconciled with previously existing data records, to form long time series. It will help to substantiate how GMES observations and products can contribute to climate change analyses, by establishing the extent to which GMES observations complement existing Climate Data Records (CDR). With GCOS, GMES and ESA CCI projects, and EUMETSAT including its Satellite Application Facility (SAF) network, coordination will also take place with specific efforts to be undertaken by new FP7 GMES projects to further upgrade their product catalogues to include this climate relevant validation and information and lay the observational basis for service activities. CORE-CLIMAX will identify the integration of ECVs into the reanalysis chain by proposing a feedback mechanism ensuring that the results of the re-analysis process get appropriately reflected into updates of the ECVs. Together with intercomparing different reanalyses, CORE-CLIMAX will contribute to establish a European truly coupled gridded re-analysis which incorporates full exchanges and interactions between atmosphere, ocean, land, including the hydrological cycle. Specific objectives: 1 Coordinate with GMES ongoing activities and contribute to the formulation of the GMES climate service theme (GCOS, FP7 GMES and climate change projects, ESA CCI projects, EUMETSAT including its SAF network and EUMETNET as part of the European Meteorological Infrastructure) 2 Propose a structured process for delivering ECVs through the stepped and quality controlled elaboration of CDR, the latter being derived from prioritisation of the most appropriate input data sets; 3 Propose a validation process aiming at qualifying the accuracy of the climate variables; 4 Propose a feedback mechanism ensuring that the results of the re-analysis process get appropriately reflected into updates of the CDR; 5 Propose a process to compare reanalyses.
German Weather Service | Date: 2015-02-06
The invention relates to a hail sensor having an impact surface, on which precipitation can impinge, and at least one converter, which is arranged and formed in such a way that, in the event of a deflection of the impact surface as a result of precipitation striking the impact surface, the converter outputs a corresponding converter output signal. The impact surface is formed from wires or wire sections, cords or cord sections, or the like which are guided at at least approximately equal distances from one another and do not cross, which are each assigned a converter and which are arranged in such a way that, between the wires, cords, or the like, there is a distance through which liquid precipitation can easily pass after striking the impact surface.