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Weichselbaum E.,British Nutrition Foundation BNF | Hooper B.,British Nutrition Foundation BNF | Buttriss J.,British Nutrition Foundation BNF | Theobald C.,British Nutrition Foundation BNF | And 15 more authors.
Nutrition Bulletin | Year: 2013

The health benefits of physical activity and a healthy diet are well known, yet large proportions of modern societies do not meet recommended guidelines for these behaviours. Intervention programmes aimed at changing activity and eating behaviours, ranging from individual-level approaches to community-wide campaigns in effects on physical activity, diet and weight loss (Norman etal.). A first step in healthy behaviour promotion aimed at behaviour change is to identify the health problems of a population that are serious and/or prevalent enough to justify spending time, money and other resources (Brug etal.). Many behaviour change interventions aim to tackle obesity, the prevalence of which is still rising in many European countries, which is positively associated with chronic diseases affecting the health and wellbeing of Western populations. But other common risk factors for chronic disease, such as high intakes of salt or saturated fatty acids, are also the targets of health intervention programmes in a number of European countries. This paper provides examples of intervention programmes, conducted by government and other organisations, from eight European countries that aim to change behaviour in relation to diet and physical activity. It summarises the outcomes of a workshop held during a meeting of the European Nutrition Foundations (ENF) Network in London, UK, on 25 June 2012. © 2013 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2013 British Nutrition Foundation. Source

Strohm D.,German Nutrition Society DGE | Bechthold A.,German Nutrition Society DGE | Isik N.,German Nutrition Society DGE | Leschik-Bonnet E.,German Nutrition Society DGE | Heseker H.,University of Paderborn
NFS Journal | Year: 2016

Background: The nutrition societies of Germany, Austria, and Switzerland are the joint editors of the 'reference values for nutrient intake'. They have revised the reference values for the intake of thiamin, riboflavin, and niacin and published them in February 2015. Methods: All three vitamins have important functions as part of energy metabolism. Consequently, the reference values for the intake of these vitamins are derived in consideration of the reference values for energy intake (PAL 1.4). Results: The reference values for infants aged 0 to under 4 months are derived from the nutrient content of breast milk. No data are available regarding thiamin, riboflavin, and niacin requirements for infants aged 4 to under 12 months, children, and adolescents. Therefore, the reference values for these age groups are based on the average requirement for adults and are calculated taking into account the age-based guiding values for energy intake (PAL 1.4) and assuming a coefficient of variation of 10%, due to the variation in requirement within the population. There are no data to suggest that the relationship between thiamin, riboflavin, niacin and energy requirement for pregnant and lactating women is any different from that for women who are not pregnant or not lactating. Conclusion: Supplemental intake beyond the recommended amounts has no health benefit and is therefore not recommended. © 2016 German Nutrition Society. Source

Kipp A.P.,German Institute of Human Nutrition | Strohm D.,German Nutrition Society DGE | Brigelius-Flohe R.,German Institute of Human Nutrition | Schomburg L.,Charite - Medical University of Berlin | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology | Year: 2015

The German, Austrian and Swiss nutrition societies are the joint editors of the 'reference values for nutrient intake'. They have revised the reference values for the intake of selenium and published them in February 2015. The saturation of selenoprotein P (SePP) in plasma is used as a criterion for the derivation of reference values for selenium intake in adults. For persons from selenium-deficient regions (China) SePP saturation was achieved with a daily intake of 49. μg of selenium. When using the reference body weights the D-A-CH reference values are based upon, the resulting estimated value for selenium intake is 70. μg/day for men and 60. μg/day for women. The estimated value for selenium intake for children and adolescents is extrapolated using the estimated value for adults in relation to body weight. For infants aged 0 to under 4 months the estimated value of 10. μg/day was derived from the basis of selenium intake via breast milk. For infants aged 4 to under 12 months this estimated value was used and taking into account the differences regarding body weight an estimated value of 15. μg/day was derived. For lactating women compared to non-lactating women a higher reference value of 75. μg/day is indicated due to the release of selenium with breast milk. The additional selenium requirement for pregnant women is negligible, so that no increased reference value is indicated. © 2015 The Authors. Source

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