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Louis B.,University of Minnesota | Louis B.,German Historical Institute
National Identities | Year: 2013

This article explores social work in the United States as a refuge for women exiles from Nazi-occupied Europe using the case study of German-born Gisela Konopka. I argue that while many other women exiles were forced back into traditional gender roles, women in social work had a greater chance of maintaining their identities as intellectuals and as emancipated and politically active women dedicated to social reform, albeit with significant modifications. Affiliations on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean and career success in her later years led Konopka to reflect on a career that, to some degree, had benefited from her transnational challenges and opportunities. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Logemann J.,German Historical Institute
National Identities | Year: 2013

This introductory essay places the articles of the special issue within the context of current scholarship on Europeanness and European identities as well as on transatlantic and inner-European migration. It probes the relationship between various migration experiences and identifications with Europe and the possible emergence of a European self-understanding among migrants. This exploratory collection of papers puts the two bodies of scholarship in dialogue and several case studies offer a wide variety of vantage points on the themes of Europe, identity, and migration. Much can be learned, they suggest, by careful historical and sociological investigations of the connections between migration experiences and Europeanization. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

The economic causes of European emigration to the United States in the nineteenth century enjoy an established historiography, which considers many aspects of the pre-industrial economy from agriculture to the collapse of traditional industries. This paper examines the link between pre-industrial home textile manufacture and emigration from the German south-west. It draws on data from communities and households in the state of Württemberg, and finds that pre-industrial textile production was not a major determinant of migration patterns in the nineteenth century; instead, the localised rise and fall of textile work was influenced by the availability of emigration pathways, an inversion of results seen elsewhere. © Pasold Research Fund Ltd 2015.

Rietzler K.,University of Cambridge | Rietzler K.,German Historical Institute
Global Society | Year: 2014

In the Progressive Era large-scale foundation philanthropy emerged at the same time as the American international law community gained in professional standing and political influence. From the 1900s, international lawyers forged a strategic alliance in particular with Carnegie philanthropy. After the First World War, the Rockefeller Foundation and the Commonwealth Fund also gave grants to international lawyers, even if they preferred projects informed by sociological jurisprudence. All three foundations supported the Harvard Research in International Law, the most significant private attempt at codifying international law in the twentieth century. Although foundation support for international law waned in the 1930s, the Harvard Research served as a template for the post-1945 international legal order. Ultimately, foundation support for the research was conditioned by how international law related to American power in the world. © 2014 © 2014 University of Kent.

Trautsch J.M.,German Historical Institute
National Identities | Year: 2015

This article critically analyzes the origins and nature of American nationalism. The first part examines the historiographical debate on the question in what period the formation of an American national identity occurred, i.e. before or after the American Revolution. The second part is concerned with the nature of American nationalism, casting doubt on the claim that American nationalism is exceptional, i.e. inherently different and morally superior to other nationalisms. It refutes the exceptionalist claim by applying recent findings in European nationalism research to the American case and by reinterpreting American nationalism not as an introspective phenomenon but as a demarcation process. © 2015 Taylor & Francis

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