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Gerullis H.,Lukas Hospital | Gerullis H.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Gerullis H.,German Center for Assessment and Evaluation of Innovative Techniques in Medicine
Drugs of Today | Year: 2011

Vinflunine is a novel third-generation bifluorinated semisynthetic vinca alkaloid that has been shown to have activity against a variety of solid tumor types including advanced transitional cell carcinoma of the urothelium. In contrast to other vinca alkaloids, vinflunine shows superior antitumor activity and an excellent safety profile. Vinflunine interacts with tubulin and has a lower affinity to tubulin; it has a high intracellular accumulation rate and therefore significant effects on microtubule dynamics. A large, phase III trial comparing vinflunine with best supportive care versus best supportive care alone showed an improvement in overall survival in the vinflunine arm in preplanned secondary analyses. In addition, the drug has shown a moderate adverse event profile in the phase II and III trials. In September 2009, vinflunine was approved as a second-line treatment for patients with urothelial carcinoma resistant to first-line platinum-containing chemotherapy by the European Medicines Agency. Copyright © 2011 Prous Science, S.A.U. or its licensors. All rights reserved. Source


Gerullis H.,Lukas Hospital | Gerullis H.,German Center for Assessment and Evaluation of Innovative Techniques in Medicine | Georgas E.,Lukas Hospital | Boros M.,University of Szeged | And 9 more authors.
BioMed Research International | Year: 2014

Purpose. To investigate and relate the ultrashort-term and long-term courses of determinants for foreign body reaction as biocompatibility predictors for meshes in an animal model. Materials and Methods. Three different meshes (TVT, UltraPro, and PVDF) were implanted in sheep. Native and plasma coated meshes were placed bilaterally: (a) interaperitoneally, (b) as fascia onlay, and (c) as muscle onlay (fascia sublay). At 5 min, 20 min, 60 min, and 120 min meshes were explanted and histochemically investigated for inflammatory infiltrate, macrophage infiltration, vessel formation, myofibroblast invasion, and connective tissue accumulation. The results were related to long-term values over 24 months. Results. Macrophage invasion reached highest extents with up to 60% in short-term and decreased within 24 months to about 30%. Inflammatory infiltrate increased within the first 2 hours, the reached levels and the different extents and ranking among the investigated meshes remained stable during long-term follow up. For myofibroblasts, connective tissue, and CD31+ cells, no activity was detected during the first 120 min. Conclusion. The local inflammatory reaction is an early and susceptible event after mesh implantation. It cannot be influenced by prior plasma coating and does not depend on the localisation of implantation. © 2014 Holger Gerullis et al. Source


Gerullis H.,Lukas Hospital | Gerullis H.,German Center for Assessment and Evaluation of Innovative Techniques in Medicine | Eimer C.,Lukas Hospital | Ecke T.H.,Helios Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Anti-Cancer Drugs | Year: 2013

The role of pazopanib in the second-line setting of refractory metastatic transitional cell carcinoma of the urothelium has not been defined clearly. The aim of this phase I/II trial was to assess the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of combining pazopanib and vinflunine in patients with metastatic transitional cell carcinoma of the urothelium after failure of first-line platinum-containing therapy. From May 2011 to December 2011, five patients were enrolled in this trial. Pazopanib was the investigated compound; four levels were planned (200, 400, 600, and 800 mg/day). Vinflunine was dosed at 280 mg/m for the first dose and 320 mg/m every 3 weeks thereafter. After the definition of a tolerated dose for the combined therapy, a subsequent phase II study was planned. At the starting level, pazopanib 200 mg/day, dose-limiting toxicities were observed in two of five patients. One patient experienced grade 4 febrile neutropenia, which led to treatment discontinuation. A second patient showed grade 3 hepatobiliary disorder with an increase in γ-glutamyltransferase. The study was interrupted at dose level 1 for safety reasons. The initially planned phase II study was therefore not carried out. This phase I study showed that combined therapy of daily pazopanib (200 mg) and vinflunine (280/320 mg/m) every 3 weeks is poorly tolerated in patients with refractory advanced urothelial cancer. © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source


Gerullis H.,Urology | Gerullis H.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Gerullis H.,German Center for Assessment and Evaluation of Innovative Techniques in Medicine | Ecke T.H.,Helios Hospital | And 6 more authors.
Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica | Year: 2010

The potent inhibitor of the mammalian target of rapamycin, temsirolimus, comprises for cell cycle, angiogenesis and proliferation and has proven beneficial in the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Temsirolimus is officially approved for first line therapy in high risk previously untreated mRCC patients. This review summarizes the current clinical role of temsirolimus in the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma with regard to pharmacological features, toxicity and tolerability. It particularily discusses quality of life issues as important outcome parameters in palliative treatment of patients with mRCC and gives an outlook on current clinical developments regarding possible future combining/ sequencing strategies of temsirolimus. Source


Gerullis H.,Lukas Hospital | Gerullis H.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Gerullis H.,German Center for Assessment and Evaluation of Innovative Techniques in Medicine | Eimer C.,Lukas Hospital | And 10 more authors.
Medical Oncology | Year: 2012

This phase II trial assessed temsirolimus, an inhibitor of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), as second-line therapy in patients with metastatic transitional carcinoma of the urothelium (TCCU) after failure of platinum containing therapy. From June/2009 to June/2011, we enrolled 15 patients in this trial. Primary endpoint was overall survival, as secondary endpoints we defined time to disease progression, safety and QoL along treatment. Patients with progressive TCCU after prior platinum-based chemotherapy received weekly 25 mg of temsirolimus for 8 weeks. Evaluation for response was accomplished every 8 weeks according to the RECIST criteria, QoL assessment was done every 4 weeks using the QLQ-C30 questionnaire, adverse events (AEs) were recorded and graded using NCI-CTC criteria. Fifteen patients were enrolled in this study, of whom 14 (93 %) were available for activity, safety and QoL assessment. We treated 10 (71 %) male and 4 female (29 %) patients. Median age was 64,7 years (45-76). Patients received on average 13 (3-15) infusions of temsirolimus. As per protocol, no sufficient benefit on overall survival was observed, we early stopped the study after 14 patients. Median time to progression was 2.5 months (77 days), median overall survival was 3.5 months (107 days). Four patients with stable disease were observed. QoL assessment along treatment revealed a reduction of EORTC-QLQ-C30, Global Health Status subscale, from initial 7.86 to 5.00. Temsirolimus was well tolerated. As Grade 3-4 adverse events, we observed fatigue (n = 2), leukopenia (n = 2) and thrombopenia (n = 2). All other adverse events were graded 1-2 in nature. Temsirolimus seems to have poor activity in patients with progressive metastasized TCCU after failure of platinum containing first-line therapy. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

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