Wolfe F.,University of Kansas |
Bolster M.B.,Medical University of South Carolina |
O'Connor C.M.,Duke University |
Michaud K.,University of Nebraska Medical Center |
And 5 more authors.
Journal of Bone and Mineral Research | Year: 2013
Bisphosphonates have been shown to reduce mortality in patients with osteoporotic fractures, but the mechanism is unclear. Bisphosphonates have immunomodulatory effects that may influence the development of vascular disease. We sought to determine if bisphosphonate use is associated with a reduced risk of myocardial infarction (MI) in a rheumatoid arthritis (RA) population with high prevalence of bisphosphonate use and vascular disease. Adult patients with RA enrolled in the National Data Bank for Rheumatic Diseases, a longitudinal study of RA patients enrolled continuously from U.S. rheumatology practices between 2003 and 2011, were included in the analysis (n = 19,281). Patients completed questionnaires every 6 months. including questions on medication use, demographic information, clinical information, and health status. MIs were confirmed by a central adjudicator. Among the 5689 patients who were treated with bisphosphonates at some time during the study period, the risk of MI while on bisphosphonate compared to when not on bisphosphonate was 0.56 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.37-0.86; p < 0.01) after adjustment for multiple confounders. In models including all 19,281 treated and untreated patients, the adjusted risk of first MI was 0.72 (95% CI, 0.54-0.96; p = 0.02) and of all MIs it was 0.72 (95% CI, 0.53-0.97; p = 0.03) in bisphosphonate users compared to nonusers. This finding suggests a potential mechanism for the mortality reduction observed with bisphosphonate medications. © 2013 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research. Copyright © 2013 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.
Colon-Emeric C.S.,Duke University |
Colon-Emeric C.S.,Durham Geriatrics Research Education and Clinical Center |
Bowlby L.,Duke University |
Svetkey L.,Duke University
Medical Teacher | Year: 2012
Peer-mentoring groups are purported to enhance faculty productivity and retention, but the literature about implementation is sparse. Nominal Group Sessions (n=5) with 66 faculty members in different tracks developed prioritized lists of unmet professional development needs and potential group activities. Common items included mentor relationships, research skills, informal peer discussions of successes and challenges, and professional skills workshops. Items particular to specific academic tracks included integration of non-clinical faculty, and gaining recognition in non-research tracks. © 2012 Informa UK Ltd All rights reserved.