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La Francheville, France

Onen F.,Service de Geriatrie 14eme Etage | Onen F.,University of Paris Descartes | Onen F.,University of Pennsylvania | Moreau T.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 7 more authors.
Sleep and Breathing

Purpose: Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) in older adults is associated with obstructive sleep apnea, falls, reduced quality of life, and mortality. The Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) is widely used to assess sleepiness. However, EDS assessment with the ESS may not be accurate in older adults. We aimed to (1) describe the responsiveness of nondemented older subjects to the ESS and (2) compare the self-report ESS scores to those of close relatives (CR) proxy and identify factors influencing any discrepancies between them. Methods: This is a cross-sectional observational study including 104 independently living nondemented older subjects with daytime sleepiness complaints and 104 nondemented CRs. Cognitive tests (Mini-Mental State Examination) and the ESS were completed separately by subjects and CRs to assess the subject's daytime sleepiness. Results: Almost 60 % of subjects and CRs were not able to answer at least one question on the ESS. Despite the fact that all subjects complained of EDS, only 24 % of them had an abnormal ESS score (>10). Subjects rated their sleepiness lower (7.10 ± 4.31) than their CR proxy did (9.70 ± 5.14) (p < 0.0001). In multivariate analysis, an increase in age and a decrease in cognitive status of the subjects appeared related to the difference in ESS between subject and CR. Conclusions: The majority of older adults were not able to answer all of the ESS items. The ESS may underestimate sleepiness severity in older subjects. Despite EDS complaints in all subjects, only one quarter of them had a pathological ESS score. © 2012 Springer-Verlag. Source

Onen F.,ChU Bichat Claude Bernard | Onen F.,University of Paris Descartes | Onen F.,University of Pennsylvania | Lalanne C.,University of Paris Descartes | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine

Study Objectives: We aimed to develop a new three-item assessment tool for daytime sleepiness in older adults, the Observation and interview-based Diurnal Sleepiness Inventory (ODSI) and determine its validity, internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and optimal cutoff score. Methods: A total of 133 elderly subjects including 73 patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) (mean age, 79 y) and 60 controls (mean age, 80 y) were consecutively enrolled and answered all questionnaires. The ODSI questionnaire was validated using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale considered as a gold standard. Reliability, validity, and cut-points were tested. Results: The ODSI has acceptable validity, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability properties. The ODSI has internal consistency and a reliability coefficient (Pearson rho) of 0.70 for its three items, which suggests strong reliability. The estimated sensitivity and specificity were 0.842 with 95% confidence interval [0.624; 0.945] and 0.851 [0.761; 0.911], respectively. The consistency of summated scale scores during test and retest sessions was high (r = 0.970, 95% bootstrap confidence interval [0.898; 0.991]). Receiver operating characteristic analysis suggests that a cut-point of 6 is effective for identifying older adults with excessive levels of daytime sleepiness. Conclusions: The ODSI is a brief, valid, easy-to-administer three-item assessment that can screen for excessive daytime sleepiness among elderly patients with OSA. Source

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