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Kobayashi T.,Geospatial Information Authority OfJapan | Tobita M.,Geospatial Information Authority OfJapan | Koarai M.,Geospatial Information Authority OfJapan | Okatani T.,Geospatial Information Authority OfJapan | And 4 more authors.
Earth, Planets and Space | Year: 2012

Applying interferometric SAR (InSAR) analysis using ALOS/PALSAR data to inland crustal earthquakes in the Fukushima-Hamadori area, we succeeded in mapping a ground displacement associated with the Mj 7.0 earthquake that occurred on 11 April, 2011. The most concentrated crustal deformation is located ∼20 km west of the city of Iwaki, showing displacements away from the satellite with ∼2.2 m at the maximum. Clear displacement discontinuities are recognized with an offset of ∼ 1.6 m at the maximum, which are just on the Shionohira, Idosawa and Yunotake faults. From field surveys, we found that earthquake surface faults appeared with a vertical offset of ∼ 1.9 m, consistent with the InSAR observation, and their locations correspond to the discontinuities in the interferogram. We inverted the InSAR data to construct slip distribution models, and our models show (1) nearly pure normal fault motions (2) on west-dipping planes (3) with moderate-dip-angles (5065°). The inferred west-dipping normal fault motion on the Yunotake fault is correlated with the present-day ∼topographic features, consistent with the idea that the historically-repeated normal faultings have developed the ∼topography. On the other hand, for the Shionohira and Idosawa faults antithetical relationships are presented, ∼maybe suggesting that large normal faultings have been infrequent historically. © The Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences (SGEPSS); The Seismological Society of Japan; The Volcanological Society of Japan; The Geodetic Society of Japan; The Japanese Society for Planetary Sciences; TERRAPUB. Source

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