Newberg, OR, United States

George Fox University
Newberg, OR, United States

George Fox University is a Christian university of liberal arts and science, and professional studies located in Newberg, Oregon, United States. Founded as a school for Quakers in 1885, the private school has more than 3,500 students combined between its main campus in Newberg and its centers in Portland, Salem and Redmond. Graduate studies include psychology, business, education, counseling, physical therapy and seminary. The 108-acre main campus is located near downtown Newberg, near the junction of Oregon Route 99W and Oregon Route 219. George Fox competes athletically at the NCAA Division III in the Northwest Conference as the Bruins. The school colors are navy blue and old gold. Wikipedia.

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News Article | April 17, 2017
Site:, a leading resource provider for higher education and career information, has released its list of Oregon’s best colleges and universities for 2017. Of the 22 four-year schools that made the list, Willamette University, Linfield College, University of Portland, Pacific University and Lewis & Clark College scored highest. Of the 16 two-year schools that were also included, Southwestern Oregon Community College, Clackamas Community College, Columbia Gorge Community College, Chemeketa Community College and Mt. Hood Community College were the top five schools. A full list of the 38 schools is included below. “The job market in Oregon is rallying, with unemployment recently dropping to a record low,” said Wes Ricketts, senior vice president of “The schools on our list have proven they provide the education and employment resources that translate into measurable student success after graduation.” To be included on Oregon’s “Best Colleges” list, schools must be regionally accredited, not-for-profit institutions. Each college is also scored on additional metrics such as career and academic resources, annual alumni earnings 10 years after entering college, financial aid opportunities, student/teacher ratios, and graduation rates. Complete details on each college, their individual scores and the data and methodology used to determine the “Best Colleges in Oregon” list, visit: The Best Four-Year Colleges in Oregon for 2017 include: Concordia University-Portland Corban University Eastern Oregon University George Fox University Lewis & Clark College Linfield College-McMinnville Campus Marylhurst University Multnomah University Northwest Christian University Oregon Health & Science University Oregon Institute of Technology Oregon State University Pacific Northwest College of Art Pacific University Portland State University Reed College Southern Oregon University University of Oregon University of Portland Warner Pacific College Western Oregon University Willamette University Best Two-Year Colleges in Oregon for 2017 include: Blue Mountain Community College Central Oregon Community College Chemeketa Community College Clackamas Community College Clatsop Community College Columbia Gorge Community College Klamath Community College Lane Community College Linn-Benton Community College Mt Hood Community College Portland Community College Rogue Community College Southwestern Oregon Community College Tillamook Bay Community College Treasure Valley Community College Umpqua Community College About Us: was founded in 2013 to provide data and expert driven information about employment opportunities and the education needed to land the perfect career. Our materials cover a wide range of professions, industries and degree programs, and are designed for people who want to choose, change or advance their careers. We also provide helpful resources and guides that address social issues, financial aid and other special interest in higher education. Information from has proudly been featured by more than 700 educational institutions.

News Article | December 16, 2015

On the left are infrared (IR) thermographic images of S. calliope flying at 0 (hovering), 6 (intermediate speed) and 12 (high speed) m s−1. On the right are three-dimensional plots of surface temperature corresponding to each of the IR thermographic images. Eye and axial HDAs are visible across the full range of flight speeds. The feet/legs are extended and visible during hovering, but are most often retracted beneath the plumage during forward flight. Credit: Royal Society Open Science (2015). DOI: 10.1098/rsos.150598 (—A team of researchers with George Fox University in Oregon and the University of Montana has uncovered the ways in which calliope hummingbirds (Selasphorus calliope) get rid of the large amount of heat that is generated as they rapidly beat their wings. In their paper published in the journal Royal Society Open Science, the team describes their experiments and results and why they believe what they found could be problematic for the birds in the coming years. When we walk fast, run or engage in other exercise, our muscles burn a lot of calories which results in the generation of heat—our bodes respond by sweating—the evaporation of the liquid helps cool us down. Birds, on the other hand, do not sweat and they are covered in feathers, two factors that would seem to make it difficult for them to keep cool during times when they are flying. Also, because they flap faster than other birds (up to 50 times a second) hummingbirds would seem to have a serious challenge in removing the heat their muscles generate. To find out how they do it, the researchers put several specimens in a wind tunnel and filmed them with an infrared camera the results of which displayed different colors on the birds' bodies representing different temperatures. In studying the video, the researchers found that the birds tended to dissipate heat from their feet, in the areas where their wings met their bodies and around their eyes. They found that such areas showed temperature differences up to 8°C warmer than the rest of their bodies. They noted also that the heat dissipating became more noticeable as the birds reduced their flight speed and was most pronounced when the birds were hovering (they are the only birds that can do so)—they noted also that the birds lowered their feet more during these times, which allowed more heat to dissipate. Heat dissipation is critical for the birds, the team notes, and thus it appears likely they change their behavior when it is hot outside. This, they note, could spell trouble for the birds in the years ahead as the planet warms. Explore further: Research pair uncover secret of hummingbirds' ability to fly in the rain (w/ Video) More information: Donald R. Powers et al. Heat dissipation during hovering and forward flight in hummingbirds, Royal Society Open Science (2015). DOI: 10.1098/rsos.150598 Abstract Flying animals generate large amounts of heat, which must be dissipated to avoid overheating. In birds, heat dissipation is complicated by feathers, which cover most body surfaces and retard heat loss. To understand how birds manage heat budgets during flight, it is critical to know how heat moves from the skin to the external environment. Hummingbirds are instructive because they fly at speeds from 0 to more than 12 m s−1, during which they transit from radiative to convective heat loss. We used infrared thermography and particle image velocimetry to test the effects of flight speed on heat loss from specific body regions in flying calliope hummingbirds (Selasphorus calliope). We measured heat flux in a carcass with and without plumage to test the effectiveness of the insulation layer. In flying hummingbirds, the highest thermal gradients occurred in key heat dissipation areas (HDAs) around the eyes, axial region and feet. Eye and axial surface temperatures were 8°C or more above air temperature, and remained relatively constant across speeds suggesting physiological regulation of skin surface temperature. During hovering, birds dangled their feet, which enhanced radiative heat loss. In addition, during hovering, near-body induced airflows from the wings were low except around the feet (approx. 2.5 m s−1), which probably enhanced convective heat loss. Axial HDA and maximum surface temperature exhibited a shallow U-shaped pattern across speeds, revealing a localized relationship with power production in flight in the HDA closest to the primary flight muscles. We conclude that hummingbirds actively alter routes of heat dissipation as a function of flight speed.

MacLeod M.,Innovation International | MacLeod M.,George Fox University | Park J.,University of Oxford
Global Environmental Politics | Year: 2011

This article examines the nexus between financial activism and global environmental governance, analyzing the emergence of what we call "investor-driven governance networks" (IGNs). Our paper seeks to probe the significance of IGNs as a particular manifestation of responsible investor activism and more generally as a financial instrument of environmental governance and sustainability. We argue that IGNs, many of which are concerned with climate change governance, have become important actors in the global economy and deserve more analysis by scholars concerned with new forms of authority in global environmental politics. As an example of emerging transnational private governance, IGNs utilize the power of the financial sector to shape the discourse on climate change within the business community and to link the long-term viability of environmental sustainability to the core strategic interests of corporations and investors. © 2011 by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Ray P.A.,George Fox University | Kirshen P.H.,University of New Hampshire | Watkins Jr. D.W.,Michigan Technological University
Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management | Year: 2012

This research develops a multistage stochastic linear programming (LP) model to assist in the process of water system planning and management under demographic and climate change in Amman, Jordan, over the next 75 years. Climate change is projected to have a gradual exacerbating effect on Amman's water stress over the next century, and water resources management strategies and policies put in place now will likely influence water use patterns for generations to come. A multistage decision model allows the identification of both adaptation strategies that should be implemented now and actions likely to be needed later, depending on future climate and demographic conditions. For Amman, the model recommends that household water reuse be expanded immediately, large-scale wastewater reclamation begin within 25 years, and mega-scale water import projects be postponed for several decades. Although these recommendations for the future will almost certainly change as additional information is acquired, by identifying now the actions most likely to be needed in the future, options for their implementation can be reserved, and feasibility studies begun. © 2012 American Society of Civil Engineers.

Kays K.,George Fox University | Gathercoal K.,George Fox University | Buhrow W.,George Fox University
Computers in Human Behavior | Year: 2012

Although there are advantages for use of internet based survey research over other formats, there remains in question whether survey mode influences the data measurement equivalency. While most research exploring survey format finds little or no difference in measurement equivalency, the interaction of sensitive topics and survey modality is not fully understood. Additionally, research suggests gender differences in item response on sensitive topics. The present study examined archival data from a college health survey using both online and paper-pencil survey formats. The interaction was evaluated between gender, survey format, and item sensitivity level. Results indicate that question topic sensitivity has a large effect on missing data, and survey format has a moderate effect. These findings have necessary implications for survey design and outcome interpretations. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Huffman T.,George Fox University
Great Plains Research | Year: 2016

Native American educators occupy a significant place within their respective communities. In this article I report findings from a qualitative investigation on the various ways Native educators define their roles to their students, schools, and communities. Using personal interviews in conjunction with combined snowball and purposive sampling techniques, I documented the perceptions and experiences of 21 Native American educators on their roles as professionals serving reservation schools in the Northern Great Plains. Reflecting the complexities of reservation life, the educators played a myriad of intertwined roles. Analysis of the data led me to identify two types of educators. One I refer to as affinitive educators and the other facilitative educators. Moreover, upon closer examination, I also discovered that the participants articulated two types of roles they perform, definitional roles and foundational roles. In this article I present the two types of educators and the associated roles expressed by the participants. Copyright © 2016 by the Center for Great Plains Studies, University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Jurecska D.E.,George Fox University
International journal of adolescent medicine and health | Year: 2012

This study explored the relationship between intellectual ability, socioeconomic status (SES), academic achievement and self-efficacy in a cross-cultural sample. Data from 90 students (63 students from Central America and 27 from the US) showed that regardless of culture or IQ, students from low SES families had significantly lower grade point averages than students from medium- or high-SES families. Unexpectedly, data showed that regardless of culture or IQ, students from high-SES families had the lowest self-efficacy, but the highest academic performance. Results suggest that self-efficacy is likely to be related to expectations and self-perception beyond IQ or culture.

Vargason J.M.,George Fox University | Burch C.J.,George Fox University | Wilson J.W.,George Fox University
Methods | Year: 2013

Suppression is a common mechanism employed by viruses to evade the antiviral effects of the host's RNA silencing pathway. The activity of suppression has commonly been localized to gene products in the virus, but the variety of mechanisms used in suppression by these viral proteins spans nearly the complete biochemical pathway of RNA silencing in the host. This review describes the agrofiltration assay and a slightly modified version of the agro-infiltration assay called co-infiltration, which are common methods used to observe RNA silencing and identify viral silencing suppressor proteins in plants, respectively. In addition, this review will provide an overview of two methods, electrophoretic mobility shift assay and fluorescence polarization, used to assess the binding of a suppressor protein to siRNA which has been shown to be a general mechanism to suppress RNA silencing by plant viruses. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

Gray G.G.,George Fox University
International journal of adolescent medicine and health | Year: 2012

Western literature provides an array of information regarding resilience within at-risk youth. Resilience research within non-Western contexts, and more specifically with exploited youth, is more limited. Despite exploitation, some youth develop a hardy ability to overcome adversity, allowing them more mastery over their environments and even increased psychological steadfastness. This project involved exploring the protective factors of resilience and psychological functioning in Cambodian youth, specifically a group of 24 survivors of sexual trafficking and another group of 24 rural youth without reported exploitation. The ages of participants ranged from 13 to 22 years, with the average age being 15.62 years [standard deviation (SD=2.68)]. Results indicated resilience constructs (mastery and relatedness) correlated with psychological functioning (anxiety and depression), as expected. The sense of relatedness was moderately associated with age. Also, as predicted, the trafficked young women demonstrated more resilience and less pathology. Consistent with previous research, earlier trauma is believed to inoculate survivors of trauma against further stress, mobilize them to better confront adversity and reduce psychological disruptions. Understanding these issues can help in understanding the relationship between resilience factors and psychological functioning as well as the strengths of many trauma survivors. Their strengths are particularly useful for developing effective treatment protocols for traumatized youth from non-Western backgrounds.

Duerr J.M.,George Fox University | Podrabsky J.E.,Portland State University
Journal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology | Year: 2010

Diapausing embryos of the annual killifish Austrofundulus limnaeus have the highest reported anoxia tolerance of any vertebrate and previous studies indicate modified mitochondrial physiology likely supports anoxic metabolism. Functional mitochondria isolated from diapausing and developing embryos of the annual killifish exhibited VO2, respiratory control ratios (RCR), and P:O ratios consistent with those obtained from other ectothermic vertebrate species. Reduced oxygen consumption associated with dormancy in whole animal respiration rates are correlated with maximal respiration rates of mitochondria isolated from diapausing versus developing embryos. P:O ratios for developing embryos were similar to those obtained from adult liver, but were diminished in mitochondria from diapausing embryos suggesting decreased oxidative efficiency. Proton leak in adult liver corresponded with that of developing embryos but was elevated in mitochondria isolated from diapausing embryos. In metabolically suppressed diapause II embryos, over 95% of the mitochondrial oxygen consumption is accounted for by proton leak across the inner mitochondrial membrane. Decreased activity of mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes correlates with diminished oxidative capacity of isolated mitochondria, especially during diapause. Respiratory complexes exhibited suppressed activity in mitochondria with the ATP synthase exhibiting the greatest inhibition during diapause II. Mitochondria isolated from diapause II embryos are not poised to produce ATP, but rather to shuttle carbon and electrons through the Kreb's cycle while minimizing the generation of a proton motive force. This particular mitochondrial physiology is likely a mechanism to avoid production of reactive oxygen species during large-scale changes in flux through oxidative phosphorylation pathways associated with metabolic transitions into and out of dormancy and anoxia. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.

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