Geological Institute of Serbia

Belgrade, Serbia

Geological Institute of Serbia

Belgrade, Serbia
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Momcilovic M.,Institute for the Application of Nuclear Energy | Kovacevic J.,Geological Institute of Serbia | Dragovic S.,Institute for the Application of Nuclear Energy
Radiation Measurements | Year: 2010

A uranium mineralized area of Stara Planina Mt., Serbia, where uranium ore was exploited for seven years was characterized radiologically. Results were compared with those for an area of background radiation in the northern part of the mountain. The terrestrial gamma dose rate due to 238U, 232Th and 40K in the area affected by mining activities was twofold higher than that of background area. The radiological situation of the affected area is not of immediate concern, except one location with elevated external hazard index where remediative measures taking into account site-specific ecological characteristics should be planned and implemented. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Petrovic T.,Geological Institute of Serbia | Zlokolica-Mandic M.,Geological Institute of Serbia | Veljkovic N.,U.S. Environmental Protection Agency | Vidojevic D.,U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Journal of Geochemical Exploration | Year: 2010

In the past researches conducted on the territory of Serbia, 5 regional geotectonic units have been distinguished with registered occurrences of 230 mineral springs. Recent analyses of the bottled mineral waters quality have not included systematic examinations of micro-components present in these waters. Based on the analyses of the bottled mineral waters (EuroGeoSurveys Geochemistry Expert Group), it has been observed that the water quality is greatly influenced by the chemical composition of igneous intrusions, regardless of the fact that the analyzed waters have been taken from different aquifers (Neogene sediments, limestone, flysch, schist). Bottled waters in Serbia are usually HCO3, with Na or Ca like dominant cation, and in large range regarding TDS. In some bottled waters high content of micro-components and trace elements was recorded.The analyses of mineral waters prove the direct dependence between the hydrochemical composition of waters and complex geological properties in which the formation and movement of waters have been taking place, throughout the geological history. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

Dragovic S.,University of Belgrade | Jankovic-Mandic L.,Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences | Dragovic R.,University of Niš | Dordevic M.,University of Niš | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Geochemical Exploration | Year: 2014

The survey results of concentrations of lithogenic radionuclides in surface soils from 213 locations in Serbia, their mutual concentration ratios and spatial distribution are presented. The mean concentrations of uranium, thorium and potassium in soils of 2.6mgkg-1, 9.3mgkg-1 and 1.8·104mgkg-1, respectively, were found to be similar with equivalent values reported for soils of regions with similar geological composition and geotectonic structures and also with worldwide average values. The spatial distribution of analyzed radionuclides was geostatistically interpolated using ordinary kriging. The spatial distribution maps of uranium, thorium and potassium concentrations showed their variability among different regions as a consequence of different lithological units of the investigated area. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Carevic I.,University of Belgrade | Radulovic B.,University of Belgrade | Ljubovic-Obradovic D.,Geological Institute of Serbia | Rabrenovic D.,University of Belgrade | Jovanovic V.,University of Belgrade
Neues Jahrbuch fur Geologie und Palaontologie - Abhandlungen | Year: 2011

The Middle Jurassic sediments of the Getic of Carpatho-Balkanides in the trans-border area of Serbia and Romania are insufficiently studied. This zone is composed mainly of pre-Jurassic metamorphic rocks and the Upper Jurassic/Lower Cretaceous limestones. The palaeontological and sedimentological study of the Middle Jurassic deposits of the Brnjica River (Carpatho-Balkanides), which is one of the rare well-exposed outcrops, is being carried out for the first time. The dominant lithologies are grey and yellow sandy limestones and marly limestones with intercalations of reddish shales characterized by low-diversity fossil assemblages dominated by molluscs. Eleven bivalve taxa are determined for the first time in the studied area. Litho- and biofacies analysis in the marine Jurassic strata are reported based on bivalve assemblages with additional data from brachiopods, ammonites and microfossils. The age of the fossil association is determined as the Upper Bajocian and Bathonian based on two brachiopod species Cymathorhynchia quadriplicata and Torquirhynchia asymmetrica. The first is reported from the Middle and the Upper Bajocian sediments and has a wider palaeobiogeographical distribution, while the latter is exclusively described from the Upper Bajocian and Bathonian of the Serbian Carpatho-Balkanides. Most of the collected bivalves have a wider stratigraphie extent. Retroceramus cf. obliquus and Plagiostoma rigidula have up to now been known from the Bajocian stage. The determined macrofauna is compared with the Middle Jurassic fauna of adjacent regions of Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria, and show strong affinity to those of the northern margins of Tethys. By the end of the Bathonian, the depositional environment has changed from shallow-marine to deep-marine, suggesting a drowning of the carbonate platform. © 2011 E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart, Germany.

Djokic B.V.,Geological Institute of Serbia | Jovanovic M.,Geological Institute of Serbia | Ciric A.,Geological Institute of Serbia | Jovanovic D.,Geological Institute of Serbia
Environmental Earth Sciences | Year: 2012

Grot tailing dump has the highest altitude of all tailing dumps in the Republic of Serbia. About 5.5 million tons of hydrocycloned sand was deposited in the tailing dump. This material was formed by flotation processing of ore from the Blagodat ore field. Vegetation was not developed in any part of the tailing. Minerals determined by X-ray diffraction analyses of representative samples form the tailing are quartz, clay minerals, calcite, feldspars, hematite, siderite, pyrite, sphalerite, galena and chalcopyrite. No regularities were noticed in their quantitative distribution. Statistical analysis of chemical fluctuations of lead, zinc, copper, arsenic and manganese concentrations showed that those with the highest concentrations are usually found on the central plateau. Lead displays the largest concentration range in the whole tailing. Maximal concentrations are found on the central and minimal in the south-western plateau. Zinc concentrations are up to 5,000 mg/kg, except in the central plateau where they reach extreme several times higher values. Copper concentrations are increased in the central plateau. In other parts of the tailing, concentrations are uniform and several times lower. Arsenic concentrations are mostly uniform, with the exception of extreme values in the north-western parts of the central plateau. Manganese shows uniform concentrations, somewhat increased on the south-eastern plateau. Chemical heterogeneity of the tailing material was influenced by the chronological discontinuity of the deposition and resedimentation. Resedimentation was the main cause of the fluctuation in the concentrations of the most mentioned heavy metals. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.

Missoni S.,University of Leoben | Gawlick H.-J.,University of Leoben | Sudar M.N.,University of Belgrade | Jovanovic D.,Geological Institute of Serbia | Lein R.,University of Vienna
Facies | Year: 2012

A kilometer-sized block in the Sirogojno carbonate-clastic mélange provides a complete succession of the Wetterstein Carbonate Platform evolution. The platform starts its progradation in Early Carnian times over hemipelagic Late Ladinian cherty limestones with fine-grained allodapic limestone intercalations. Shallow-water reef-slope, reefal to back-reef/lagoonal limestones evolved in the Early Carnian. The top of the platform is recrystallized and partly slightly dolomitized, and in parts karstification is visible. After a period of omission caused by uplift, new subsidence started in the early Late Carnian. This is documented by a flooding respectively drowning sequence of the same age, starting with reefal carbonates and rapidly followed by hemipelagic-influenced limestones. The evolution of the onset and the drowning of the Wetterstein Carbonate Platform prove a paleogeographic derivation of this block from the outer shelf-area facing the Neotethys Ocean, but still in a shallow-water carbonate platform position transitional to the Hallstatt facies zone. This paleogeographic position is especially confirmed by the new pulse of subsidence in the Late Carnian after a long lasting phase of omission. The evolution of the Wetterstein Carbonate Platform in the Inner Dinarides corresponds to successions known from the Northern Calcareous Alps or the southern Western Carpathians. In the Late Triassic both regions belong to the same northeast-southwest striking shelf area facing the Neotethys Ocean to the east and southeast, respectively. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.

Nikolov J.,University of Novi Sad | Todorovic N.,University of Novi Sad | Pantic T.P.,Geological Institute of Serbia | Forkapic S.,University of Novi Sad | And 4 more authors.
Radiation Measurements | Year: 2012

There is a well-known radon spa Niška Banja in south-east of Serbia. In Niška Banja spa there is a medical complex and radon is used for therapeutic purposes for many different diseases. This paper presents elevated radon levels in the Niška Banja spa. Indoor radon and radon in water activity concentration measurements in thermal pools and therapy rooms are presented. There are also results from gamma spectrometry measurements of soil, rock and therapy mud. A special attention is paid to the medical staff exposure to radon around thermal pools. The annual effective doses from radon for staff working around the thermal pools in Niška Banja spa are very high comparing to the maximum recommendation level. The maximal radon concentration of (22.90 ± 0.57) kBq m -3 was measured in the basement of the hotel-dispensary "Radon". This hotel is settled on "bigar" rock - travertine, which has high content of 226Ra. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Cvetkovic Z.,Geological Institute of Serbia | Logar M.,University of Belgrade | Rosic A.,University of Belgrade
Environmental Science and Pollution Research | Year: 2013

In this paper, particular attention was paid to the presence of aerosol solid particles, which occurred mainly as a result of exploitation and coal combustion in the thermal power plants of the Kolubara basin. Not all of the particles created by this type of anthropogenic pollution have an equal impact on human health, but it largely depends on their size and shape. The mineralogical composition and particle size distribution in the samples of aero sediments were defined. The samples were collected close to the power plant and open pit coal mine, in the winter and summer period during the year 2007. The sampling was performed by using precipitators placed in eight locations within the territory of the Lazarevac municipality. In order to characterize the sedimentary particles, several methods were applied: microscopy, SEM-EDX and X-ray powder diffraction. The concentration of aero sediments was also determined during the test period. Variety in the mineralogical composition and particle size depends on the position of the measuring sites, geology of the locations, the annual period of collecting as well as possible interactions. By applying the mentioned methods, the presence of inhalational and respiratory particles variously distributed in the winter and in the summer period was established. The most common minerals are quartz and feldspar. The presence of gypsum, clay minerals, calcite and dolomite as secondary minerals was determined, as well as the participation of organic and inorganic amorphic matter. The presence of quartz as a toxic mineral has a particular impact on human health. © 2012 Springer-Verlag.

Momcilovic M.,University of Belgrade | Kovacevic J.,Geological Institute of Serbia | Tanic M.,Training Center | Crossed D Signorcrossed D Signevic M.,University of Niš | And 2 more authors.
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment | Year: 2013

The activity concentrations of natural radionuclides in soils from the area affected by uranium mining at Stara Planina Mountain in Serbia were studied and compared with the results obtained from an area with no mining activities (background area). In the affected area, the activity concentrations ranged from 1.75 to 19.2 mg kg-1 for uranium and from 1.57 to 26.9 mg kg -1 for thorium which is several-fold higher than those in the background area. The Th/U, K/U, and K/Th activity ratios were also determined and compared with data from similar studies worldwide. External gamma dose rate in the air due to uranium, thorium, and potassium at 1 m above ground level in the area affected by uranium mining was found to be 91.3 nGy h-1, i.e., about two-fold higher than that in background area. The results of this preliminary study indicate the importance of radiological evaluation of the area and implementation of remedial measures in order to prevent further dispersion of radionuclides in the environment. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Hips K.,Hungarian Academy of Sciences | Haas J.,Hungarian Academy of Sciences | Vido M.,Eotvos Lorand Geophysical Institute | Barna Z.,Geological Institute of Hungary | And 3 more authors.
Sedimentology | Year: 2011

A peculiar facies of the Norian-Rhaetian Dachstein-type platform carbonates, which contains large amounts of blackened bioclasts and dissolutional cavities filled by cements and internal sediments, occurs in the Zlatibor Mountains, Serbia. Microfacies investigations revealed that the blackened bioclasts are predominantly Solenoporaceae, with a finely crystalline, originally aragonite skeleton of fine cellular structure. Blackening of other bioclasts also occurs subordinately. Solenoporacean-dominated reefs, developed behind the platform margin patch-reef tract, were the main source of sand-sized detritus. The blackened and other non-blackened bioclasts are incorporated in automicrite cement. Radiaxial fibrous calcite cements in the dissolutional cavities are also black, dark grey or white. Reworked black pebbles were reported from many occurrences of peritidal deposits; in those cases, the blackening took place under pedogenic, meteoric diagenetic conditions. In contrast, in the inner platform deposits of the Ilidža Limestone, the blackening of bioclasts occurred in a marine-meteoric mixing-zone, as indicated by petrographic features and geochemical data of the skeleton-replacing calcite crystals. Attributes of mixing-zone pore waters were controlled by mixing corrosion, different solubility of carbonate minerals and microbial decomposition of organic matter. In the moderate-energy inner platform environment, large amounts of microbial organic tissue were accumulated and subsequently decomposed, triggering selective blackening in the course of early, shallow burial diagenesis. The δ18O and δ13C values of the mixing-zone precipitates and replacive calcite do not produce a linear mixing trend. Variation mainly resulted from microbial decomposition of organic matter that occurred under mixing-zone conditions. The paragenetic sequence implies cyclic diagenetic conditions that were determined by marine, meteoric and mixing-zone pore fluids. The diagenetic cycles were controlled by sea-level fluctuations of moderate amplitude under a semi-arid to semi-humid climate. © 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 International Association of Sedimentologists.

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