Geograficky Ustav SAV

Bratislava, Slovakia

Geograficky Ustav SAV

Bratislava, Slovakia
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The article deals with the topic of incomplete records of suburban in-migrants' permanent residence. The aim of the paper is to estimate the number of missing in-migrants by simple comparison of the migration data and the home construction data. The results indicate a division of Bratislava's hinterland into two parts with different relationships between home construction and in-migration. The reasons and consequences of this phenomenon are discussed. The practical, social, cultural and sociological aspects could be mentioned as factors with a significant impact on incomplete migration data of the suburban zone. The main consequences are evident mostly in the economic and social spheres. © Geografický ústav SAV / Institute of Geography SAS.

Rural areas, perception of their identity and use of its development potential are subject to dramatic changes under the effect of the neoliberal ideology and practices. The aim of the paper is description of the influence of these changes which are relevant for re-understanding of "rural territories" and their different development strategies. The complementary theoretical and practical approaches to successful rural development strategies are presented and critically assessed. The paper concentrates on "open" problems associated with the "cacophony" of different "development challenges" for rural areas and individual responsibility of rural stakeholders and decision-makers in the process of searching and re-creating a new rural identity and optimal (economically, socially and environmentally) sustainable development strategy for the nonhomogeneous, structurally differentiated rural areas and their inhabitants. © Geografický ústav SAV / Institute of Geography SAS.

The paper is involved with identification of regional variability of the flood threat in Slovakia determined by physical attributes and character of land cover in the basin. The small basin is the basic spatial unit for the spatial analysis of flood threat. Graphical analysis of the dependence between the base flow index values or flood event frequency on the one side and the physical attributes of basins on the other pointed to the significant effects of soil texture permeability and foresta-tion of the particular basin on spatial variability of the basic features characterizing the runoff process and frequency of flood events. Based on combination of two soil texture permeability classes and two forestation classes, four classes of flood threat were identified. Their verification by means of flood event frequency values by variance analysis showed that the optimal solution is to delimit three regional types of flood threat in small basins. © Geografický ústav SAV/ Institute of Geography SAS.

Crime and fear of crime and its relevance for geographical research is assessed in this article. The focus is on the role of space in criminal processes and reactions. Crime and fear are considered spatial phenomena. Disposition of people to become victims was emphasized and fear of crime factors were identified including the socio-cultural ones, those linked to the biological body traits and social factors, as all of them are linked to space which can be one of the fear of crime triggers. Eventually a selection of the most important theories and methods in the geographical field was presented.

Despite the evident need, research into crime existing in rural areas is still missing in Slovakia. This article should be an answer to this situation and its ambition is to at least partially fill the gap in geographical research. The aim of the article is to prove the basic theoretical knowledge concerning rural crime in general and in Slovakia, to identify rural regions (districts) with increased crime and to briefly characterize selected factors that contribute to this situation. Appurtenant analyses relied on Statistical Statements on Crime in districts of the Slovak Republic in 2000-2002 (Prezídium policajného zboru 2003), regional data of the Statistical Office (ŠÚSR 2009) and the Centre of Labour, Social Affairs and Family (ÚPSVaR 2008). Analysis and explanation of causes of increased crime in the empirical part of the article is based on the concept of multiple disadvantages. Results confirmed that all studied relevant factors in districts reach negative values and may represent the key factors of high crime level in these regions. © Geografický ústav SAV / Institute of Geography SAS.

Chorvátsky Grob is one of the municipalities most exposed to suburbanization processes in Slovakia. The spontaneous and unrestrained construction has brought a number of problems, which debase the quality of life in this locality. The aim of this article is to point to the negative impact of new construction, to the mechanism which led to the birth of an extensive suburb and the roles of individual actors, especially that of the local government. The incompetent and inefficient approach of the local government also supported by the unclear legal situation has allowed investors to build a suburb with inadequate infrastructure and lacking any spatial links. It is important to point to such a problematic trend because the further planned construction may change Chorvátsky Grob into the biggest settlement in the hinterland of Bratislava. © Geografický ústav SAV / Institute of Geography SAS.

The aim of this paper is to present the possibility of using the micro UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) technology in geographical research. An UAV can carry a wide range of sensors - such as camera, camcorder - spectral camera, LIDAR, sensor of temperature, humidity or chemical gas analysers - depending on the load capacity of devices. Micro UAV technology enables data collection with high resolution and accuracy. Their use is recommended in locations where for technical - or safety reasons, there is no access to conventional equipment such as flying aircraft, helicopters, airships or balloons, or their use would be too expensive. From the data obtained by the UAV it is possible to create orthophoto maps, digital elevation models, 3D visualization and reconstructions of different objects on the surface. Authors of this paper outline three examples for application of this technology: ortophoto mosaic of avulsion channel, colorized point cloud part of river dyke, photorealistic 3D model of archaeological site. © Geografický ústav SAV / Institute of Geography SAS.

Transport accessibility can be considered one of the most important factors for the development of tourism. This paper presents selected approaches to the study of accessibility in relation to the development of tourism, namely distance-based accessibility, isochrones-based accessibility, transport infrastructure-based accessibility, accessibility based on the direct public transport connections, potential accessibility, and individual accessibility. Each of these approaches has its advantages and disadvantages and their use depends on a particular problem. Evaluation of accessibility of a tourist region or centre in the best way requires combination of several approaches and use different methods of accessibility evaluation. Copyright © 2014 Geografický ústav SAV.

Michalek A.,Geograficky Ustav SAV
Geograficky Casopis | Year: 2012

Increasing regional disparities cause and multiply problems in many countries and regions in particular those boasting poor socio-economic parameters. The primary prerequisite for a solution to this problem namely balancing of regional disparities is their quantification using a methodological tool that makes it possible to obtain the necessary information and identify the rate of regional disparities. The group of methods presented here are the methodological base for quantification of regional disparities. The important results of this study include recognition of the existence of several exact sophisticated but also easily manageable methods and ways of measuring spatial disparities. © Institute of Geography SAS.

In this article, we focuse on the set of institutional and social changes with effects on the production dynamics of the built environment, represented by residential and commercial (administrative and retail) spaces. The second aim of the paper is to analyse the spatial pattern of the new production, which has transformed Bratislava's urban environment. © Geografický ústav SAV / Institute of Geography SAS.

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