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Bratislava, Slovakia

Rural areas, perception of their identity and use of its development potential are subject to dramatic changes under the effect of the neoliberal ideology and practices. The aim of the paper is description of the influence of these changes which are relevant for re-understanding of "rural territories" and their different development strategies. The complementary theoretical and practical approaches to successful rural development strategies are presented and critically assessed. The paper concentrates on "open" problems associated with the "cacophony" of different "development challenges" for rural areas and individual responsibility of rural stakeholders and decision-makers in the process of searching and re-creating a new rural identity and optimal (economically, socially and environmentally) sustainable development strategy for the nonhomogeneous, structurally differentiated rural areas and their inhabitants. © Geografický ústav SAV / Institute of Geography SAS. Source

The paper is involved with identification of regional variability of the flood threat in Slovakia determined by physical attributes and character of land cover in the basin. The small basin is the basic spatial unit for the spatial analysis of flood threat. Graphical analysis of the dependence between the base flow index values or flood event frequency on the one side and the physical attributes of basins on the other pointed to the significant effects of soil texture permeability and foresta-tion of the particular basin on spatial variability of the basic features characterizing the runoff process and frequency of flood events. Based on combination of two soil texture permeability classes and two forestation classes, four classes of flood threat were identified. Their verification by means of flood event frequency values by variance analysis showed that the optimal solution is to delimit three regional types of flood threat in small basins. © Geografický ústav SAV/ Institute of Geography SAS. Source

Despite the evident need, research into crime existing in rural areas is still missing in Slovakia. This article should be an answer to this situation and its ambition is to at least partially fill the gap in geographical research. The aim of the article is to prove the basic theoretical knowledge concerning rural crime in general and in Slovakia, to identify rural regions (districts) with increased crime and to briefly characterize selected factors that contribute to this situation. Appurtenant analyses relied on Statistical Statements on Crime in districts of the Slovak Republic in 2000-2002 (Prezídium policajného zboru 2003), regional data of the Statistical Office (ŠÚSR 2009) and the Centre of Labour, Social Affairs and Family (ÚPSVaR 2008). Analysis and explanation of causes of increased crime in the empirical part of the article is based on the concept of multiple disadvantages. Results confirmed that all studied relevant factors in districts reach negative values and may represent the key factors of high crime level in these regions. © Geografický ústav SAV / Institute of Geography SAS. Source

The article deals with the topic of incomplete records of suburban in-migrants' permanent residence. The aim of the paper is to estimate the number of missing in-migrants by simple comparison of the migration data and the home construction data. The results indicate a division of Bratislava's hinterland into two parts with different relationships between home construction and in-migration. The reasons and consequences of this phenomenon are discussed. The practical, social, cultural and sociological aspects could be mentioned as factors with a significant impact on incomplete migration data of the suburban zone. The main consequences are evident mostly in the economic and social spheres. © Geografický ústav SAV / Institute of Geography SAS. Source

Transport accessibility can be considered one of the most important factors for the development of tourism. This paper presents selected approaches to the study of accessibility in relation to the development of tourism, namely distance-based accessibility, isochrones-based accessibility, transport infrastructure-based accessibility, accessibility based on the direct public transport connections, potential accessibility, and individual accessibility. Each of these approaches has its advantages and disadvantages and their use depends on a particular problem. Evaluation of accessibility of a tourist region or centre in the best way requires combination of several approaches and use different methods of accessibility evaluation. Copyright © 2014 Geografický ústav SAV. Source

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