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Bratislava, Slovakia

Each locality is characterized by unique features or events, which, if they dominate, become symbols and principal characteristics of the place, as they become the genius loci. Two types of genius loci are discerned in this study: a material/visual and a symbolic one. Both determine the decision-making processes of humans, their preferences or movement in space. Examination of crime and fear of crime in relation to genius loci offers a wide range of views that reflect the opinion and the subconsciousness of the population. The post-socialist housing estate of Petržalka in Bratislava is often mistaken for an urban district with a low quality of life also due to the crime rate. It is a suitable example how the symbolic genius loci existing in the minds of Bratislava's population, may differ from the real appearance and character both in terms of visual aspects and crime rate. In the conducted survey 308 Bratislava inhabitants were asked by means of questionnaires about how safe they feel in Petržalka. They were supposed to identify the safest and the least safe localities of the housing estate. The enquiry also pointed to the differentiated opinion when people considered some localities ideal while other people viewed the same localities as the most dangerous. An attempt was made to classify this difference in opinion into a typology of places of fear and places of confidence in the post-socialist housing estate. © Geografický ústav SAV/Institute ot Geography SAS.

The relevant data and information is necessary for the correct decision making. It applies also in case of health system management. Nowadays, many international databases of health data are available. The first part of this paper describes databases of the most important health data providers. Databases of WHO, WHO/Europe, OECD, IARC and Eurostat are searched and compared. However, combining statistics from various databases can be dangerous because the data are mutually incomparable. This is caused by different standard population, varying definitions of similar attributes, etc. used for comparison, which complicate international data comparison. Available indicators also do not allow adequate assessment of the quality of national health systems. The last part is dedicated to projects that compare international health statistics, the quality indicators and health care expenditures in order to achieve sufficient capacity and productivity of national health systems.

Brazdil R.,Geograficky Ustav | Reznickova L.,Geograficky Ustav | Valasek H.,Geograficky Ustav
Geografie-Sbornik CGS | Year: 2013

The observations made by Pavel Olexík in 1848 are accepted as the beginning of standardised meteorological measurements in Brno. Three times every day, from September 1861 to December 1867, Professor Alexander Zawadzki, a teacher of physics and botany at a Brno technical secondary school, kept recording the values of air pressure, air temperature, precipitation, wind and atmospheric phenomena. His observation diary also includes phenological data and information about meteorological and other natural events across the Czech Lands and Europe. Because there is neither a great distance nor difference in altitude between the places in which Zawadzki and Olexík made their observations, the pressure and temperature readings show only negligible divergences. The differences are not significant for wind direction, precipitation totals and days with rain and snow, but they are greater for atmospheric phenomena. The contemporary meteorological activities of Gregor Johann Mendel also vastly contributed to Brno becoming an important centre of meteorology in the eastern part of the Czech Lands in the 1860s.

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