Puttonen E.,Geodeetinrinne 2 |
Suomalainen J.,Geodeetinrinne 2 |
Hakala T.,Geodeetinrinne 2 |
Raikkonen E.,Geodeetinrinne 2 |
And 4 more authors.
Forest Ecology and Management | Year: 2010
A new terrestrial laser system was tested for tree species classification. A dataset consisting of shape parameters of three boreal tree species was collected with Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) and integrated with an actively measured reflectance hyperspectra. Tree species were classified using parameters derived from reflectance spectra and point cloud shape distribution. Classification performance was tested with individual, paired, and mixed combinations of both reflectance and shape parameters. The best classification results were obtained with combined datasets consisting of two reflectance and two shape parameters. Of all tested classification parameter combinations, 67.5% were able to classify all trees with over 90% accuracy. The best reflectance spectrum bands for the examined species were located around 550 and 700 nm. The best shape parameters described the upper midsection or the tops of the trees. This study was a successful step in developing classification algorithms for integrated LIDAR and hyperspectral data. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.