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Rubio-Martin E.,Hospital Universitario Carlos Haya | Rubio-Martin E.,Spanish Biomedical Research Center in Diabetes and Associated Metabolic Disorders | Rubio-Martin E.,Institute Investigacion Biomedica Of Malaga Ibima | Soriguer F.,Hospital Universitario Carlos Haya | And 24 more authors.
European Journal of Clinical Investigation | Year: 2013

Aim: To determine the association between serum levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and the incidence of type 2 diabetes in a prospective cohort from southern Spain (Pizarra study). Materials and methods: The study formed part of the Pizarra cohort study, a prospective study started in 1995 with a follow-up of 11 years. Anthropometric and metabolic variables were measured at baseline and at 6 years and 11 years of follow-up. All subjects underwent an oral glucose tolerance test. Serum levels of TNFα and its receptors, hs-CRP, IL-6, leptin, adiponectin and FABP4 were measured at 6 years of follow-up. Results: After adjusting for age, sex and obesity, subjects with levels of hs-CRP> 2.9 mg/L in the second study (2003-4) had a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes by the third study (2008-9) (OR = 7.97; 95% CI = 1.72-36.89; P = 0.008), and subjects with adiponectin levels > 13.2 mg/L had a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes (OR = 0.23, P = 0.02). High values of hs-CRP and high values of adiponectin were associated positively (OR = 8.26; 95% CI = 1.84-37.19; P = 0.006) and negatively (OR = 0.17; 95% CI = 0.04-0.69; P = 0.01), respectively, with the risk of having HbA1c ≥ 6.5% at 11 years of follow-up. Conclusions: Subjects with high serum hs-CRP levels and low serum adiponectin levels have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes within five years. © 2012 Stichting European Society for Clinical Investigation Journal Foundation. Source

Mansego M.L.,Genotyping and Genetic Diagnosis Unit | Mansego M.L.,CIBER ISCIII | Solar G.D.M.,Genotyping and Genetic Diagnosis Unit | Solar G.D.M.,CIBER ISCIII | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Hypertension | Year: 2011

Objective: To assess the association of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes codifying for antioxidant enzymes to blood pressure (BP) values and risk of hypertension. Methods: Population-based study including 1388 participants (704 women) older than 18 years in which 300 were untreated hypertensive patients. In 335 untreated hypertensive patients referred to one hypertension clinic, the study was replicated. Thirty-five SNP throughout 13 genes were analyzed using SNPlex. In a subgroup of hypertensive patients, the amount of 8-oxo-deoxyguanosine and GPX activity levels was measured in mononuclear cells. Results: In the general population, genotypes with the G allele of the c.172G>A polymorphism in the SOD3 gene and those with the T allele of the c.-20C>T polymorphism in the CAT gene were associated with significant lower values of BP. Likewise, these genotypes were associated with less risk for hypertension after adjusting for confounder variables. Haplotypes in both genes increased the strength of associations. In the hypertensive patients, the same alleles of the two polymorphisms were associated with lower BP values too. In addition, two others, the CT-TT genotypes of the c.*891C>T polymorphism in the GPX1 gene and the CT-CC genotypes of the c.-793T>C polymorphism of the TXN gene were also significantly associated to lower BP values. Furthermore, the CC genotype of the c.*891C>T polymorphism in the GPX1 gene was associated with higher values of 8-oxo-dG and GPX activity levels as compared to those for the CT-TT genotype. Conclusions: The results of the present study support the influence of antioxidant enzyme genes in BP values and hypertension risk. © 2011 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Mora M.,Hospital Clinic of Barcelona | Adam V.,Genotyping and Genetic Diagnosis Unit | Palomera E.,Research Unit and Ciberhep | Blesa S.,Genotyping and Genetic Diagnosis Unit | And 9 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Background The role of genetic variations within the ghrelin gene on cardiometabolic profile and nutritional status is still not clear in humans, particularly in elderly people. Objectives We investigated six SNPs of the ghrelin gene and their relationship with metabolic syndrome (MS) components. Subjects and Methods 824 subjects (413 men/411 women, age 77.31±5.04) participating in the Mataró aging study (n = 310) and the Hortega study (n = 514) were analyzed. Anthropometric variables, ghrelin, lipids, glucose and blood pressure levels were measured, and distribution of SNPs -994CT (rs26312), -604GA (rs27647), -501AC (rs26802), R51Q (rs34911341), M72L (rs696217) and L90G (rs4684677) of the ghrelin gene evaluated. Genotypes were determined by multiplex PCR and SNaPshot minisequencing. MS (IDF criteria) was found in 54.9%. Results No association between any of the SNPs and levels of total fasting circulating ghrelin levels was found. C/A-A/A genotype of M72L was associated with increased risk of central obesity according to IDF criteria, while G/A-G/G genotypes of -604GA with reduced risk. A/A genotype of -501AC polymorphism was associated to decreased BMI. In relation to lipid profile, the same genotypes of -604GA were associated with increased total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol and -501AC with reduced triglycerides. There were no associations with systolic or diastolic blood pressure levels or with hypertension, glucose levels or diabetes and ghrelin polymorphisms. However, G/G genotype of -604GA was associated with glucose >100 mg/dL. Haplotype analysis showed that only one haplotype is associated with increased risk of waist circumference and central obesity. The analysis of subjects by gender showed an important and different association of these polymorphisms regarding MS parameters. Conclusion Ghrelin gene variants -604GA, -501AC and M72L are associated with certain components of MS, in particular to BMI and lipid profile in elderly Spanish subjects. Copyright © 2015 Mora et al. Source

Mansego M.L.,Genotyping and Genetic Diagnosis Unit | Mansego M.L.,Institute of Health Carlos III | Martinez F.,Fundacion de Investigacion Del Hospital Clinico de Valencia INCLIVA | Martinez-Larrad M.T.,Hospital Clinico San Carlos | And 15 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

Summary: The main objective was to evaluate the association between SNPs and haplotypes of the FABP1-4 genes and type 2 diabetes, as well as its interaction with fat intake, in one general Spanish population. The association was replicated in a second population in which HOMA index was also evaluated. Methods: 1217 unrelated individuals were selected from a population-based study [Hortega study: 605 women; mean age 54 y; 7.8% with type 2 diabetes]. The replication population included 805 subjects from Segovia, a neighboring region of Spain (446 females; mean age 52 y; 10.3% with type 2 diabetes). DM2 mellitus was defined in a similar way in both studies. Fifteen SNPs previously associated with metabolic traits or with potential influence in the gene expression within the FABP1-4 genes were genotyped with SNPlex and tested. Age, sex and BMI were used as covariates in the logistic regression model. Results: One polymorphism (rs2197076) and two haplotypes of the FABP-1 showed a strong association with the risk of DM2 in the original population. This association was further confirmed in the second population as well as in the pooled sample. None of the other analyzed variants in FABP2, FABP3 and FABP4 genes were associated. There was not a formal interaction between rs2197076 and fat intake. A significant association between the rs2197076 and the haplotypes of the FABP1 and HOMA-IR was also present in the replication population. Conclusions: The study supports the role of common variants of the FABP-1 gene in the development of type 2 diabetes in Caucasians. © 2012 Mansego et al. Source

Mansego M.L.,Genotyping and Genetic Diagnosis Unit | Mansego M.L.,CIBER ISCIII | Redon J.,CIBER ISCIII | Redon J.,Hypertension Unit | And 12 more authors.
International Journal of Molecular Sciences | Year: 2011

The objective of the study was to evaluate oxidative stress (OS) status in subjects with different cardiovascular risk factors. With this in mind, we have studied three models of high cardiovascular risk: hypertension (HT) with and without metabolic syndrome, familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) and familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCH) with and without insulin resistance. Oxidative stress markers (oxidized/reduced glutathione ratio, 8-oxo-deoxyguanosine and malondialdehide) together with the activity of antioxidant enzyme triad (superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase) and activation of both pro-oxidant enzyme (NAPDH oxidase components) and AGTR1 genes, as well as antioxidant enzyme genes (CuZn-SOD, CAT, GPX1, GSR, GSS and TXN) were measured in mononuclear cells of controls (n = 20) and patients (n = 90) by assessing mRNA levels. Activity of some of these antioxidant enzymes was also tested. An increase in OS and pro-oxidant gene mRNA values was observed in patients compared to controls. The hypertensive group showed not only the highest OS values, but also the highest pro-oxidant activation compared to those observed in the other groups. In addition, in HT a significantly reduced antioxidant activity and mRNA induction of antioxidant genes were found when compared to controls and the other groups. In FH and FCH, the activation of pro-oxidant enzymes was also higher and antioxidant ones lower than in the control group, although it did not reach the values obtained in hypertensives. The thioredoxin system was more activated in patients as compared to controls, and the highest levels were in hypertensives. The increased oxidative status in the presence of cardiovascular risk factors is a consequence of both the activation of pro-oxidant mechanisms and the reduction of the antioxidant ones. The altered response of the main cytoplasmic antioxidant systems largely contributes to OS despite the apparent attempt of the thioredoxin system to control it. © 2011 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Source

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