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Madrid, Spain

Veganzones S.,Genomic Section | Maestro M.L.,Genomic Section | Rafael S.,Genomic Section | de la Orden V.,Genomic Section | And 6 more authors.
Tumor Biology | Year: 2015

The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of p16 and hMLH1 genes simultaneous methylation in colorectal cancer patients with Microsatellite Instability (MSI) tumors. We also wanted to analyze the relationship with other clinical features, with BRAF gene V600E mutation and with prognosis. Samples from fifty one patients with MSI positive sporadic colorectal cancer were included. DNA was extracted from tumor samples. Promoter methylation was analyzed using bisulfite modification and was detected by quantitative methylation-specific PCR. BRAF gene was amplified using specific primers and mutations were detected by real time PCR. Simultaneous methylation was transformed in a new variable called CMETH2. Frequency of CMETH2 was analyzed and compared with other clinicopathological variables. 33.3 % of patients were positive for CMETH2 and 25 % had BRAF V600E mutation. CMETH2 was related with proximal location, with poorly differentiated tumors and with BRAF V600E mutation. CMETH2 only showed influence in the overall survival (OS) in patients with distal tumors. However, with regard to the disease free survival (DFS) measure, CMETH2 was independent prognostic factor. We were able to discriminate tumors with high methylation features using a transformation analysis of variables into a new computed one (CMETH2). CMETH2 has demonstrated to be a useful prognostic factor in MSI tumors. The prognostic value of CMETH2 in DFS was independent of other clinicopathological variables. The use of CMETH2 could help in the election of the best therapeutic alternative for CCR patients with MSI tumors. © 2015, International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM).

Franceschi S.,University of Pisa | Mazzanti C.M.,Genomic Section | Lessi F.,Genomic Section | Aretini P.,Genomic Section | And 10 more authors.
Oncology Letters | Year: 2015

Glioblastoma (GB) is the most aggressive type of primary brain tumor. Despite the progress in recent years regarding the diagnosis and treatment of GB, the recurrence rate remains high, due to the infiltrative and dispersive nature of the tumor, which typically results in poor patient prognosis. In the present study, 19 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded GB samples were selected from patients with GB tumors. The samples were classified into a short or long recurrence-free survival (RFS) group, based on the time of first recurrence of the disease in the patients. The 19 samples were molecularly characterized for mutations in the isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) gene, amplification of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene, presence of the EGFR variant III, and methylation of the promoter region of the O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) gene. Then, the expression of 84 genes involved in cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions, and that of 84 microRNAs (miRNAs) associated with brain cancer, was profiled. In addition, a copy number variation analysis of 23 genes reported to undergo frequent genomic alterations in human glioma was also performed. Differences in the expression levels of a number of genes were detected across the short and long RFS groups. Among these genes, 5 in particular were selected, and a 5-genes combination approach was developed, which was able to differentiate between patients with short and long RFS outcome. The high levels of sensitivity and precision displayed by this 5-genes combination approach, which were confirmed with a cross-validation method, provide a strong foundation for further validation of the involvement of the aforementioned genes in GB in a larger patient population. In conclusion, the present study has demonstrated how the expression pattern of miRNAs and mRNAs in patients with GB defines a particular molecular hallmark that may increase or reduce the aggressive behavior of GB tumors, thus influencing the survival rates of patients with GB, their response to therapy and their tendency to suffer a relapse. © 2015, Spandidos Publications. All rights reserved.

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