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Shim H.J.,Chonnam National University | Yun J.Y.,Chonnam National University | Hwang J.E.,Chonnam National University | Bae W.K.,Chonnam National University | And 7 more authors.
Cancer Science | Year: 2010

This study evaluated the influence of genetic polymorphism influencing drug metabolism on survival in taxane- and cisplatin-treated advanced gastric cancer (AGC). Peripheral blood samples from 207 AGC patients treated with first-line chemotherapy of taxane and cisplatin were used. We investigated polymorphisms that influenced the metabolism of taxane (ATP-binding cassette transporter B1 (ABCB1)), cisplatin (glutathione S-transferase M1 (GSTM1), glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1), glutathione S-transferase T1 (GSTT1), excision repair cross complementing 1 (ERCC1), X-ray Cross Complementing group 3 (XRCC3), X-ray Cross Complementing group 4 (XRCC4), X-ray Cross Complementing group 1 (XRCC1), breast cancer (BRCA1)), and 5-fluorouracil (methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), thymidylate synthase (TYMS)). A total of 207 patients were enrolled between May 2004 and Dec 2008, and 200 patients were analyzed. The overall response rate was 38.5%. Time to progression and overall survival time were 4.3 ± 0.19 months and 11.9 ± 1.05 months, respectively. There was no significant association between genetic polymorphism and response rate. However, the BRCA1 mutant TT homozygote was associated with significant prolongation of overall survival (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.43; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.20-0.92; P = 0.03) and progression-free survival (HR = 0.51; 95% CI, 0.26-1.00; P = 0.05). Also, the XRCC1 194 CT genotype was associated with inferior overall survival, relative to the XRCC1 194 CC homozygotes (HR = 1.49; 95% CI, 0.11-2.07; P = 0.018).These findings suggest that BRCA1 TT and XRCC1 194 CT genotypes could be modest prognostic markers of AGC response in taxane- and cisplatin-treated patients. © 2010 Japanese Cancer Association.


Kim H.N.,Genome Research Center for Hematopoietic Diseases | Kim N.Y.,Genome Research Center for Hematopoietic Diseases | Yu L.,Genome Research Center for Hematopoietic Diseases | Tran H.T.T.,Genome Research Center for Hematopoietic Diseases | And 7 more authors.
Leukemia and Lymphoma | Year: 2012

Genetic polymorphisms in drug-metabolizing, DNA repair and multidrug resistance genes affect the risks for many cancers. We analyzed 21 polymorphisms in 17 genes in these pathways to evaluate their association with the risk of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and to examine whether smoking modifies these associations in a population-based study in Korea (415 cases, 1700 controls). We found marginal associations between the risk of AML and CYP1A1 1188, and XRCC1 194, ERCC1 IVS5 + 33 and WRN 787 polymorphisms. However, when we performed the analysis according to smoking exposure, we found a stronger association for ERCC1 only in the non-smoking population (odds ratio [OR] = 0.74; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.600.91, p = 0.004), while we found the GSTT1-null genotype to be associated with an increased risk of AML in ever-smokers (OR = 1.51; 95% CI = 1.062.15, p = 0.02). These results indicate that ERCC1 and GSTT1-null polymorphisms may have an effect on AML risk that is dependent on smoking exposure. © 2012 Informa UK, Ltd.

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