San Diego, CA, United States
San Diego, CA, United States
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The invention provides non-naturally occurring microbial organisms containing butadiene or 2,4- pentadienoate pathways comprising at least one exogenous nucleic acid encoding a butadiene or 2,4-pentadienoate pathway enzyme expressed in a sufficient amount to produce butadiene or 2,4-pentadienoate. The organism can further contain a hydrogen synthesis pathway. The invention additionally provides methods of using such microbial organisms to produce butadiene or 2,4-pentadienoate by culturing a non-naturally occurring microbial organism containing butadiene or 2,4-pentadienoate pathways as described herein under conditions and for a sufficient period of time to produce butadiene or 2,4-pentadienoate. Hydrogen can be produced together with the production of butadiene or 2,4- pentadienoate.


The invention provides a non-naturally occurring microbial biocatalyst including a microbial organism having a 4-hydroxybutanoic acid (4-HB) biosynthetic pathway having at least one exogenous nucleic acid encoding 4-hydroxybutanoate dehydrogenase, succinyl-CoA synthetase, CoA-dependent succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase, or -ketoglutarate decarboxylase, wherein the exogenous nucleic acid is expressed in sufficient amounts to produce monomeric 4-hydroxybutanoic acid (4-HB). Also provided is a non-naturally occurring microbial biocatalyst including a microbial organism having 4-hydroxybutanoic acid (4-HB) and 1,4-butanediol (BDO) biosynthetic pathways, the pathways include at least one exogenous nucleic acid encoding 4-hydroxybutanoate dehydrogenase, succinyl-CoA synthetase, CoA-dependent succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase, 4-hydroxybutyrate:CoA transferase, 4-butyrate kinase, phosphotransbutyrylase, -ketoglutarate decarboxylase, aldehyde dehydrogenase, alcohol dehydrogenase or an aldehyde/alcohol dehydrogenase, wherein the exogenous nucleic acid is expressed in sufficient amounts to produce 1,4-butanediol (BDO). Additionally provided is a method for the production of 4-HB. The method includes culturing a non-naturally occurring microbial organism having a 4-hydroxybutanoic acid (4-HB) biosynthetic pathway including at least one exogenous nucleic acid encoding 4-hydroxybutanoate dehydrogenase, succinyl-CoA synthetase, CoA-dependent succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase or -ketoglutarate decarboxylase under substantially anaerobic conditions for a sufficient period of time to produce monomeric 4-hydroxybutanoic acid (4-HB). Further provided is a method for the production of BDO. The method includes culturing a non-naturally occurring microbial biocatalyst, comprising a microbial organism having 4-hydroxybutanoic acid (4-HB) and 1,4-butanediol (BDO) biosynthetic pathways, the pathways including at least one exogenous nucleic acid encoding 4-hydroxybutanoate dehydrogenase, succinyl-CoA synthetase, CoA-dependent succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase, 4-hydroxybutyrate:CoA transferase, 4-hydroxybutyrate kinase, phosphotranshydroxybutyrylase, -ketoglutarate decarboxylase, aldehyde dehydrogenase, alcohol dehydrogenase or an aldehyde/alcohol dehydrogenase for a sufficient period of time to produce 1,4-butanediol (BDO). The 4-HB and/or BDO products can be secreted into the culture medium.


Patent
Genomatica | Date: 2017-08-02

A process of isolating 1,4-butanediol (1,4-BDO) from a fermentation broth includes separating a liquid fraction enriched in 1,4-BDO from a solid fraction comprising cells, removing water from said liquid fraction, removing salts from said liquid fraction, and purifying 1,4-BDO. A process for producing 1,4-BDO includes culturing a 1,4-BDO-producing microorganism in a fermentor for a sufficient period of time to produce 1,4-BDO. The 1,4-BDO-producing microorganism includes a microorganism having a 1,4-BDO pathway having one or more exogenous genes encoding a 1,4-BDO pathway enzyme and/or one or more gene disruptions. The process for producing 1,4-BDO further includes isolating 1,4-BDO.


The invention provides a computer implemented process for constructing a scalable output network model of a bioparticle. The process includes computer implemented steps of: (a) accessing a database of network gene components including an annotated network set of open reading frames (ORFs) of a bioparticle genome; (b) forming a data structure associating the network gene components with network reaction components, the data structure establishing a data set specifying a network model of connectivity and flow of the network reaction components, and (c) transforming the data set into a mathematical description of reactant fluxes defining the network model of connectivity and flow, wherein the mathematical description defines a scalable output network model of a bioparticle.


Provided herein is a non-naturally occurring microbial organism having a muconate pathway, the microbial organism comprising at least one exogenous nucleic acid encoding a muconate pathway enzyme expressed in a sufficient amount to produce muconate. Also provided is a method for producing muconate, comprising culturing such non-naturally occurring microbial organism.


The invention provides non-natural microbial organisms containing enzymatic pathways and/or metabolic modifications for enhancing carbon flux through acetyl-CoA, or oxaloacetate and acetyl-CoA. Embodiments of the invention include microbial organisms having a pathway to acetyl-CoA and oxaloacetate that includes phosphoketolase (a PK pathway). The organisms also have either (i) a genetic modification that enhances the activity of the non-phosphotransferase system (non-PTS) for sugar uptake, and/or (ii) a genetic modification(s) to the organisms electron transport chain (ETC) that enhances efficiency of ATP production, that enhances availability of reducing equivalents or both. The microbial organisms can optionally include (iii) a genetic modification that maintains, attenuates, or eliminates the activity of a phosphotransferase system (PTS) for sugar uptake. The enhanced carbon flux through acetyl-CoA and oxaloacetate can be used for production of a bioderived compound, and the microbial organisms can further include a pathway capable of producing the bioderived compound.


Patent
Genomatica | Date: 2017-03-01

A non-naturally occurring microbial organism includes a microbial organism having a 1,3-butanediol (1,3-BDO) pathway having at least one exogenous nucleic acid encoding a 1,3-BDO pathway enzyme expressed in a sufficient amount to produce 1,3-BDO. The pathway includes an enzyme selected from a 2-amino-4-ketopentanoate (AKP) thiolase, an AKP dehydrogenase, a 2-amino-4-hydroxypentanoate aminotransferase, a 2-amino-4-hydroxypentanoate oxidoreductase (deaminating), a 2-oxo-4-hydroxypentanoate decarboxylase, a 3-hydroxybutyraldehyde reductase, an AKP aminotransferase, an AKP oxidoreductase (deaminating), a 2,4-dioxopentanoate decarboxylase, a 3-oxobutyraldehyde reductase (ketone reducing), a 3-oxobutyraldehyde reductase (aldehyde reducing), a 4-hydroxy-2-butanone reductase, an AKP decarboxylase, a 4-aminobutan-2-one aminotransferase, a 4-aminobutan-2- one oxidoreductase (deaminating), a 4-aminobutan-2-one ammonia-lyase, a butenone hydratase, an AKP ammonia-lyase, an acetylacrylate decarboxylase, an acetoacetyl-CoA reductase (CoA-dependent, aldehyde forming), an acetoacetyl-CoA reductase (CoA-dependent, alcohol forming), an acetoacetyl-CoA reductase (ketone reducing), a 3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA reductase (aldehyde forming), a 3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA reductase (alcohol forming), a 4-hydroxybutyryl- CoA dehydratase, and a crotonase. A method for producing 1,3-BDO, includes culturing such microbial organisms under conditions and for a sufficient period of time to produce 1,3-BDO.


The invention provides a non-naturally occurring microbial biocatalyst including a microbial organism having a 4-hydroxybutanoic acid (4-HB) biosynthetic pathway having at least one exogenous nucleic acid encoding 4-hydroxybutanoate dehydrogenase, succinyl-CoA synthetase, CoA-dependent succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase, or -ketoglutarate decarboxylase, wherein the exogenous nucleic acid is expressed in sufficient amounts to produce monomeric 4-hydroxybutanoic acid (4-HB). Also provided is a non-naturally occurring microbial biocatalyst including a microbial organism having 4-hydroxybutanoic acid (4-HB) and 1,4-butanediol (BDO) biosynthetic pathways, the pathways include at least one exogenous nucleic acid encoding 4-hydroxybutanoate dehydrogenase, succinyl-CoA synthetase, CoA-dependent succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase, 4-hydroxybutyrate:CoA transferase, 4-butyrate kinase, phosphotransbutyrylase, -ketoglutarate decarboxylase, aldehyde dehydrogenase, alcohol dehydrogenase or an aldehyde/alcohol dehydrogenase, wherein the exogenous nucleic acid is expressed in sufficient amounts to produce 1,4-butanediol (BDO). Additionally provided are methods for the production of 4-HB and BDO.


Patent
Novamont S.p.A. and Genomatica | Date: 2017-02-22

Process for the synthesis of 1,4-butanediol comprising fermentation of a culture medium by a microorganism provided with at least one metabolic pathway for the synthesis of 1,4- butanediol and able to use saccharose, in which said culture medium comprises a glucose and saccharose mixture comprising, based on the combined weight of glucose and saccharose, 10-90 % by weight of saccharose and 10-90 % by weight of glucose.


The invention provides a non-naturally occurring microbial organism having a butadiene, crotyl alcohol, 2,4-pentadienoate, 3-buten-2-ol, or 3-buten-1-ol, pathway. The microbial organism contains at least one exogenous nucleic acid encoding an enzyme in a pathway. The invention additionally provides a method for producing butadiene, crotyl alcohol, 2,4-pentadienoate, 3-buten-2-ol, or 3-buten-1-ol,. The method can include culturing a butadiene, crotyl alcohol, 2,4-pentadienoate, 3-buten-2-ol, or 3-buten-1-ol-producing microbial organism, where the microbial organism expresses at least one exogenous nucleic acid encoding a pathway enzyme in a sufficient amount, and under conditions and for a sufficient period of time to produce butadiene, crotyl alcohol, 2,4-pentadienoate, 3-buten-2-ol, or 3-buten-1-ol.

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