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Oviedo, Spain

Zhou T.,University of Utah | Zhou T.,Sun Yat Sen University | Zhang Y.,University of Utah | Macchiarulo A.,University of Perugia | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Biological Chemistry

We identified three heterozygous nonsynonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms in the small heterodimer partner (SHP, NROB2) gene in normal subjects and CADASIL (cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy)-like patients, including two novel missense mutations (p.R38H, p.K170N) and one of the previously reported polymorphism (p.G171A). Four novel heterozygous mutations were also identified in the intron (Intron1265T→A), 3′-untranslated region ( 3′-UTR101C→G, 3′-UTR186T→C), and promoter (Pro-423C→T) of the SHP gene. The exonic R38H and K170N mutants exhibited impaired nuclear translocation. K170N made SHP more susceptible to ubiquitination mediated degradation and blocked SHP acetylation, which displayed lost repressive activity on its interacting partners ERRγ and HNF4α but not LRH-1. In contrast, G171A increased SHP mRNA and protein expression and maintained normal function. In general, the interaction of SHP mutants with LRH-1 and EID1 was enhanced. K170N also markedly impaired the recruitment of SHP, HNF4α, HDAC1, and HDAC3 to the apoCIII promoter. Molecular dynamics simulations of SHP showed that G171A stabilized the nuclear receptor boxes, whereas K170N promoted the conformational destabilization of all the structural elements of the receptor. This study suggests that genetic variations in SHP are common among human subjects and the Lys-170 residue plays a key role in controlling SHP ubiquitination and acetylation associated with SHP protein stability and repressive function. © 2010 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc. Source

Mayo S.,Hospital Universitario La Paz | Monfort S.,Hospital Universitario La Paz | Rosello M.,Hospital Universitario La Paz | Orellana C.,Hospital Universitario La Paz | And 5 more authors.
Cytogenetic and Genome Research

Loss-of-function mutations of the MECP2 gene are the cause of most cases of Rett syndrome in females, a progressive neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by severe mental retardation, global regression, hand stereotypies, and microcephaly. On the other hand, gain of dosage of this gene causes the MECP2 duplication syndrome in males characterized by severe mental retardation, absence of speech development, infantile hypotonia, progressive spasticity, recurrent infections, and facial dysmorphism. Female carriers of a heterozygous duplication show a skewed X-inactivation pattern which is the most probable cause of the lack of clinical symptoms. In this paper, we describe a girl with a complex de novo copy number gain at Xq28 and non-skewed X-inactivation pattern that causes mental retardation and motor and language delay. This rearrangement implies triplication of the MECP2 and IRAK1 genes, but it does not span other proximal genes located in the common minimal region of patients affected by the MECP2 duplication syndrome. We conclude that the triplication leads to a severe phenotype due to random X-inactivation, while the preferential X chromosome inactivation in healthy carriers may be caused by a negative selection effect of the duplication on some proximal genes like ARD1A or HCFC1. Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG. Source

De Mena L.,Genetica Molecular | Coto E.,Genetica Molecular | Coto E.,University of Oviedo | Cardo L.F.,Genetica Molecular | And 10 more authors.
American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics

MicroRNAs are small RNA sequences that negatively regulate gene expression by binding to the 3′ untranslated regions of mRNAs. MiR-133b has been implicated in Parkinson's disease (PD) by a mechanism that involves the regulation of the transcription factor PITX3. The variation in these genes could contribute to the risk of developing PD. We searched for DNA variants in miR-133 and PITX3 genes in PD patients and healthy controls from Spain. We found common DNA variants in the three miR-133 genes. Genotyping of a first set of patients (n=777) and controls (n=650) showed a higher frequency of homozygous for a miR-133b variant (-90 del A) in PD-patients (6/575; 1%) than in healthy controls (0/650) (P=0.03). However, this association was not confirmed in a second set of patients (1/250; 0.4%) and controls (2/210; 1%). No common PITX3 variants were associated with PD, although a rare missense change (G32S) was found in only one patient and none of the controls. In conclusion, we report the variation in genes of a pathway that has been involved in dopaminergic neuron differentiation and survival. Our work suggests that miR-133 and PITX3 gene variants did not contribute to the risk for PD. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc. Source

Revencu N.,Catholic University of Louvain | Boon L.M.,Catholic University of Louvain | Boon L.M.,Cliniques Universitaires St Luc | Mendola A.,Catholic University of Louvain | And 48 more authors.
Human Mutation

Capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation (CM-AVM) is an autosomal-dominant disorder, caused by heterozygous RASA1 mutations, and manifesting multifocal CMs and high risk for fast-flow lesions. A limited number of patients have been reported, raising the question of the phenotypic borders. We identified new patients with a clinical diagnosis of CM-AVM, and patients with overlapping phenotypes. RASA1 was screened in 261 index patients with: CM-AVM (n = 100), common CM(s) (port-wine stain; n = 100), Sturge-Weber syndrome (n = 37), or isolated AVM(s) (n = 24). Fifty-eight distinct RASA1 mutations (43 novel) were identified in 68 index patients with CM-AVM and none in patients with other phenotypes. A novel clinical feature was identified: cutaneous zones of numerous small white pale halos with a central red spot. An additional question addressed in this study was the "second-hit" hypothesis as a pathophysiological mechanism for CM-AVM. One tissue from a patient with a germline RASA1 mutation was available. The analysis of the tissue showed loss of the wild-type RASA1 allele. In conclusion, mutations in RASA1 underscore the specific CM-AVM phenotype and the clinical diagnosis is based on identifying the characteristic CMs. The high incidence of fast-flow lesions warrants careful clinical and radiologic examination, and regular follow-up. © 2013 WILEY PERIODICALS, INC. Source

Coto E.,Genetica Molecular | Palacin M.,Genetica Molecular | Martin M.,Servicio de Cardiologia | Castro M.G.,Genetica Molecular | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Translational Medicine

Background: Angiotensin and serotonin have been identified as inducers of cardiac hypertrophy. DNA polymorphisms at the genes encoding components of the angiotensin and serotonin systems have been associated with the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases, including left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH).Methods: We genotyped five polymorphisms of the AGT, ACE, AT1R, 5-HT2A, and 5-HTT genes in 245 patients with Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM; 205 without an identified sarcomeric gene mutation), in 145 patients with LVH secondary to hypertension, and 300 healthy controls.Results: We found a significantly higher frequency of AT1R 1166 C carriers (CC+AC) among the HCM patients without sarcomeric mutations compared to controls (p = 0.015; OR = 1.56; 95%CI = 1.09-2.23). The AT1R 1166 C was also more frequent among patients who had at least one affected relative, compared to sporadic cases. This allele was also associated with higher left ventricular wall thickness in both, HCM patients with and without sarcomeric mutations.Conclusions: The 1166 C AT1R allele could be a risk factor for cardiac hypertrophy in patients without sarcomeric mutations. Other variants at the AGT, ACE, 5-HT2A and 5-HTT did not contribute to the risk of cardiac hypertrophy. © 2010 Coto et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

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