Mai P.L.,U.S. National Cancer Institute |
Friedlander M.,University of New South Wales |
Tucker K.,University of New South Wales |
Phillips K.-A.,Peter MacCallum Cancer Center |
And 29 more authors.
Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations | Year: 2010
Objectives: Familial aggregation of testicular germ cell tumor (TGCT) has been reported, but it is unclear if familial TGCT represents a unique entity with distinct clinicopathologic characteristics. Here we describe a collection of familial TGCT cases from an international consortium, in an effort to elucidate any clinical characteristics that are specific to this population. Materials and methods: Families with ≥2 cases of TGCT enrolled at 18 of the sites participating in the International Testicular Cancer Linkage Consortium were included. We analyzed clinicopathologic characteristics of 985 cases from 461 families. Results: A majority (88.5%) of families had only 2 cases of TGCT. Men with seminoma (50% of cases) had an older mean age at diagnosis than nonseminoma cases (P = 0.001). Among individuals with a history of cryptorchidism, TGCT was more likely to occur in the ipsilateral testis (κ = 0.65). Cousin pairs appeared to represent a unique group, with younger age at diagnosis and a higher prevalence of cryptorchidism than other families. Conclusions: Clinicopathologic characteristics in these familial TGCT cases were similar to those generally described for nonfamilial cases. However, we observed a unique presentation of familial TGCT among cousin pairs. Additional studies are needed to further explore this observation. © 2010.