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GENEREACH BIOTECHNOLOGY Corporation | Date: 2011-07-21

A method for reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction comprises steps: preparing a capillary, and adding a reverse transcription enzyme into the capillary; and performing a lyophilization process on the RT enzyme contained by the capillary to fabricate the RT enzyme into a lyophilized RT reagent in the capillary. Therefore, a buffer solution, an RNA sample, a polymerase and a primer solution can be added into the capillary to re-dissolve the lyophilized RT reagent and enable a reverse transcription reaction and a polymerase chain reaction of the RNA sample to directly take place inside the capillary, so as to promote convenience and efficiency of experiment.

GENEREACH BIOTECHNOLOGY Corporation | Date: 2011-01-26

A container for nucleic acid amplification reaction is disclosed. The container includes a capillary and a conductor. The conductor tightly surrounds the capillary for heating the capillary evenly.

Tsai Y.-L.,Academia Sinica, Taiwan | Tsai Y.-L.,GeneReach Biotechnology Corporation | Chiang Y.-R.,Academia Sinica, Taiwan | Wu C.-F.,Academia Sinica, Taiwan | And 2 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

Alpha-crystallin-type small heat shock proteins (sHsps) are ubiquitously distributed in most eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Four sHsp genes named hspL, hspC, hspAT1, and hspAT2 were identified in Agrobacterium tumefaciens, a plant pathogenic bacterium capable of unique interkingdom DNA transfer via type IV secretion system (T4SS). HspL is highly expressed in virulence-induced growth condition and functions as a VirB8 chaperone to promote T4SS-mediated DNA transfer. Here, we used genetic and biochemical approaches to investigate the involvement of the other three sHsps in T4SS and discovered the molecular basis underlying the dominant function of HspL in promoting T4SS function. While single deletion of hspL but no other sHsp gene reduced T4SS-mediated DNA transfer and tumorigenesis efficiency, additional deletion of other sHsp genes in the hspL deletion background caused synergistic effects in the virulence phenotypes. This is correlated with the high induction of hspL and only modest increase of hspC, hspAT1, and hspAT2 at their mRNA and protein abundance in virulence-induced growth condition. Interestingly, overexpression of any single sHsp gene alone in the quadruple mutant caused increased T4SS-mediated DNA transfer and tumorigenesis. Thermal aggregation protecting assays in vitro indicated that all four sHsps exhibit chaperone activity for the model substrate citrate synthase but only HspL functions as efficient chaperone for VirB8. The higher VirB8 chaperone activity of HspL was also demonstrated in vivo, in which lower amounts of HspL than other sHsps were sufficient in maintaining VirB8 homeostasis in A. tumefaciens. Domain swapping between HspL and HspAT2 indicated that N-terminal, central alpha-crystallin, and C-terminal domains of HspL all contribute to HspL function as an efficient VirB8 chaperone. Taken together, we suggest that the dominant role of HspL in promoting T4SS function is based on its higher expression in virulence-induced condition and its more efficient VirB8 chaperone activity as compared to other sHsps. © 2012 Tsai et al. Source

The present disclosure is related to a device for controlling thermal convection velocity of a biochemical reaction. The thermal convection velocity controlling device includes a base body for disposing a tube which is movable, wherein the tube is filled with a buffer of the biochemical reaction; a heating source located at a bottom of the tube or at a side of the tube to heat the buffer; and a flow rate adjusting apparatus for controlling a thermal convection flow direction of the buffer in the tube, whereby the flow rate adjusting apparatus changes a flow velocity and a flow time of the buffer. The present disclosure is also related to a method for controlling thermal convection velocity of a biochemical reaction using the device.

GeneReach Biotechnology Corporation | Date: 2013-05-31

A method for fluorescence detection is provided and includes mixing a fluorescence detecting reagent into a sample, placing the sample into a sample tray, where the sample tray includes at least a row of blank slots and at least a row of sampling slots. Then, exposing the sample tray to a background light, and obtaining a grayscale background image of the sample tray.

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