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Kondo N.,General Thoracic Surgery | Yoshikawa Y.,Hyogo College of Medicine | Hashimoto-Tamaoki T.,Hyogo College of Medicine | Hasegawa S.,General Thoracic Surgery | Nakano T.,Hyogo College of Medicine
Cancer Science | Year: 2011

Malignant pleural mesothelioma is a refractory tumor with increasing incidence. In the present study, we established six mesothelioma cell lines possessing two allele deletions of the p16INK4A gene and one allele deletion of the neurofibromatosis type 2 gene, MM16, MM21, MM26, MM35, MM46 and MM56, from pleural effusion fluids or surgically resected tumors of Japanese patients. MM21, MM26 and MM46 cells failed to develop tumors in BALB/c-nude mice following subcutaneous inoculation. MM16 and MM35 cells slowly generated tumors at the site of subcutaneous inoculation in BALB/c-nude mice, but lost the expression of mesothelioma-related markers such as calretinin, D2-40 and Wilms' tumor 1 in the subcutaneous tumors. On the other hand, MM56 cells rapidly generated tumors with the expression of calretinin and D2-40 in BALB/c-nude mice following subcutaneous inoculation. In addition, orthotopic implantation of MM56 cells into BALB/c-nude mice developed diffusely growing thoracic tumors by 3weeks after implantation. Pleural effusions were observed in these mice 4weeks after implantation. Thoracic tumors invaded aggressively into the chest wall 5weeks after implantation and often metastasized into the lung, rib, peritoneum and pericardial cavity. On the pleural surface, MM56 cells were growing as single or multiple cell layers with the reactive mesothelium of recipient mice. These results indicate that MM56 cells can behave in a manner characteristic of human malignant pleural mesothelioma in the thoracic cavity of BALB/c-nude mice. The in vivo model using MM56 cells may be useful for studying the biological behavior of malignant pleural mesothelioma and developing its diagnostic and therapeutic strategies. © 2011 Japanese Cancer Association.


Murphy S.J.,Mayo Medical School | Wigle D.A.,General Thoracic Surgery | Lima J.F.,Mayo Medical School | Harris F.R.,Mayo Medical School | And 11 more authors.
Cancer Research | Year: 2014

The development of adenocarcinoma of the lung is believed to proceed from in situ disease (adenocarcinoma in situ, AIS) to minimally invasive disease with prominent lepidic growth (minimally invasive adenocarcinoma, MIA), then to fully invasive adenocarcinoma (AD), but direct evidence for this model has been lacking. Because some lung adenocarcinomas show prominent lepidic growth (AD-L), we designed a study to address the lineage relationship between the lepidic (noninvasive) component (L) and the adjacent nonlepidic growth component representing invasive disease within individual tumors. Lineage relationships were evaluated by next-generation DNA sequencing to define large genomic rearrangements in microdissected tissue specimens collected by laser capture. We found a strong lineage relationship between the majority of adjacent lepidic and invasive components, supporting a putative AIS-AD transition. Notably, many rearrangements were detected in the less aggressive lepidic component, although the invasive component exhibited an overall higher rate of genomic rearrangement. Furthermore, a significant number of genomic rearrangements were present in histologically normal lung adjacent to tumor, but not in host germline DNA, suggesting field defects restricted to zonal regions near a tumor. Our results offer a perspective on the genetic pathogenesis underlying adenocarcinoma development and its clinical management. © 2014 American Association for Cancer Research.

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