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Guildford, United Kingdom

Silvanto A.,Royal Surrey County Hospital | Karanjia N.D.,General Sugery | Bagwan I.N.,Royal Surrey County Hospital
Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Diseases International

Extrapleural solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an uncommon mesenchymal neoplasm, presenting most commonly in the intrathoracic sites but which has been reported at numerous extrathoracic locations. The majority of intra-thoracic SFTs are benign, but 10%-15% behave aggressively. We report a case of primary hepatic SFT with histologically benign and malignant areas. A 65-year-old man underwent an abdominal CT scan following a cerebrovascular accident, which demonstrated a sharply demarcated large liver mass with a heterogenous enhancing area and occupying most of the left lobe of the liver. Histological examination following a hemihepatectomy showed an SFT with morphological patterns ranging from benign to malignant areas, including pleomorphism, increased cellularity, herringbone pattern, necrosis and a raised mitotic count. On review of the literature, only an occasional case report with malignant areas in a hepatic SFT was identified. This case highlights that SFT should be included in the differential diagnosis of a hepatic spindle cell lesion, and that on rare occasions, malignant areas can occur in this already uncommon neoplasm. © 2015 The Editorial Board of Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International. Source

Kim T.-Y.,General Sugery | Maeng C.H.,General Sugery | Kim S.-Y.,General Sugery | Yoon H.-J.,General Sugery | And 5 more authors.
Laboratory Medicine

myelogenous leukemia (AML). All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) is an effective drug in the treatment of APL by promoting the terminal differentiation of leukemic cells into phenotypically mature myeloid cells. The microgranular-variant APL counts for a quarter of APL and is similar to monocytic origin leukemia. The microgranular-variant type has no effect on APL treatment. ATRA is related with some serious side effects such as Sweet's syndrome and retinoic acid syndrome (RAS). Histologic characteristics of RAS are seen in capillary leakage and infiltration of organs by mature myeloid cells. ATRA-induced myositis is rarely described in adults and rare in children with APL. There have been increasing reports of ATRA-induced myositis, with its frequent association with RAS and Sweet's syndrome. We report a patient with ATRA-induced myositis and RAS in microgranular variant APL and review the previously reported cases in the literature of ATRA-induced myositis. Source

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