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Mohammadbeigi R.,Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences | Fatholapour A.,Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences | Khodaverdi S.,Obs. and Gyn Specialist | Delpisheh A.,Ilam University | And 2 more authors.
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences

Objective: Metabolic syndrome is a set of metabolic disorders highly related with cardiovascular diseases and has high expansion among population. The present study aimed to assess the prevalence and characteristics of the metabolic syndrome amongst women of reproductive age. Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted using a systematic randomized sampling method. Overall, 406 women of reproductive age living in Abhar city western Iran was recruited. Data was analyzed using T-test, Fisher exact test and chi-square. Results: The prevalence rate of metabolic syndrome was 28.1%. This figure increased as the mean age and body mass index (BMI) of women increased. The common metabolic disorder was HDL < 50 (98.2%). Majority of cases with metabolic syndrome were either overweight or obese (53.5%).The most expansion of metabolic syndrome was observed in the age range of between 45 to 49 years (70.6%). There was a significance relationship between having metabolic syndrome and patients' level of education and profession (p<0.01). Conclusions: Obesity and old reproductive age are the main risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome. Increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome in this part of the world is going to be a major public heath concern which indicates the necessity of applications for preventive programs based on national and international guidelines. Source

Farhad K.,Anesthesiologist | Shokrollah S.,Infectious specialist | Abdollah S.,Infectious disease MPH specialist | Seyedparviz S.,General Physician | Fariba M.,Infection Control Nurse
Life Science Journal

Needle stick injury, a wound that pierced the skin with a needle tip is caused by common tools. It may also be caused by sharp tools. The common people who have had contact with the needle in the treatment works is like a wound that the medical community. This happened because the risk of disease transmission are concerned lies in the blood such as hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HIC), the AIDS virus (HIV). Despite the importance of the event, but the needle stick injuries have been neglected, and often not reported. In a study on 650 nurses and midwifery personnel services were 50 cases (7%) were reported needle stick. Mostly in the age group 29-47 years. 17 cases (34%) men and 33 cases (66%) were women between people. The most common causes of needle stick in people under the cover of this pricing needle in 37 cases (74%) and non use of personal protective equipment and spill into the conjunctively secretions of infected people, medical personnel in 5 cases (10%) cases and in 8 cases (16%) was caused by rupture with a scalpel. Source

Shakhssalim N.,Shahid Beheshti University | Hosseini S.Y.,Shahid Modarres Medical Center | Basiri A.,Shahid Beheshti University | Eshrati B.,Arak University of Medical Sciences | And 2 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention

Several risk factors have been suggested for transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the bladder (BC). Since it seems that some factors have more prominent role over the others in our region, we conducted the present casecontrol study with 692 bladder cancer (BC) patients versus 692 healthy controls (262 women versus 1,122 men in total) matched on the basis of gender and age (±5 years). The enrolled cases had confirmed TCC of bladder. To gather data, we exploited a questionnaire filled up in face-to-face interviews. We classified different factors in four categories as follows: 1-dietary factors; 2-history of underlying diseases; 3-lifestyle; and 4-occupational/ chemical exposures. Among dietary factors, pickles (P= 0.04) and vegetables (P= 0.001) had protective effects. In the second group, histories of all evaluated diseases were accompanied by increased risks for BC. Among life style factors, cigarette smoking (P= 0.0001), opium use (P= 0.0001), history of excessive analgesic use (P= 0.0001) and hair dye use (P= 0.02) had significant correlations with BC. However, none of the occupational exposures was associated with BC. One may conclude that some factors such as opium use may have a more important role in developing BC in our region. Nonetheless, we should categorize occupations based on their definite exposure to chemicals for conducting further studies. Source

Razieh F.,University of Yazd | Hosein R.M.,General Physician | Sedighah A.K.,University of Yazd
Iranian Journal of Child Neurology

Objective: Epilepsy is one of the most important problems in neurology. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between dairy products and seizures of the epileptic children based on their mothers' experience. Materials & Methods: In a descriptive-analytic study, mothers' experience regarding the relationship between dairy products and seizures of their children was evaluated via a questionnaire. This research was done in the pediatric neurology clinic of Shaheed Sadoughi Medical Sciences University-Yazd-Iran in 2007. Results: One hundred and forty eight mothers with an age range of 17-52 years (mea ± SD: 31.6 ± 6.6 years) were evaluated. Their children were 58.5% boys an 41.5% girls with an age range of 1-18 years (mean ± SD: 6.6 ± 4.2 years). reported in educated mothers. Conclusion: Parent education on the diet of their epileptic children is necessary. On the other hand, extracting of suspicious food ingredients and testing them on animal models, should be done by other researches. Source

Wagner E.,University for Development | Ortiz C.,University for Development | Torres K.,General Physician | Contesse I.,General Physician | And 2 more authors.
Foot and Ankle Surgery

Background: Different surgical techniques are available to correct each type of Hallux Valgus (HV) deformity, and all present similar good results. No information is available relative to the cost of each technique compared to their individual success. Objective: To determine the cost-effectiveness-ratio (CER) of five different techniques for HV. Methods: We included 245HV surgeries performed in 179 patients. The severity was defined according to radiological parameters. For mild to moderate HV we included the Chevron, Modified-Scarf and Ludloff techniques; for severe HV: either Poscow-osteotomy or Lapidus-arthrodesis fixed with plates or screws. Weighted costs were estimated. CER was expressed in $US dollars per AOFAS-point. Results: The lowest weighted cost was observed for the Chevron-group, and the highest weighted cost was observed in the Poscow-osteotomy and Lapidus-arthrodesis fixed with plate groups. The AOFAS-score improvement was higher in the Chevron and Modified-Scarf groups. The CER found for Chevron and Modified-Scarf techniques were significantly less than for Poscow and Lapidus-techniques. Conclusion: Cost-Effectiveness-Ratio was lower, and therefore better, in the groups with mild to moderate deformities operated with Chevron or Modified-Scarf techniques. In severe HV, the three techniques investigated presented similar CER. CER analysis is an additional factor that can be included in the decision making analysis in hallux valgus surgery.Level of Evidence. Level IV, Retrospective Study. © 2015 European Foot and Ankle Society. Source

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