Herrero L.,General Organic Chemistry Institute |
Calvarro S.,General Organic Chemistry Institute |
Fernandez M.A.,General Organic Chemistry Institute |
Quintanilla-Lopez J.E.,General Organic Chemistry Institute |
And 2 more authors.
Analytica Chimica Acta | Year: 2015
Phthalates (PAEs) are ubiquitous toxic chemical compounds. During the last few years, some phthalate metabolites (MPAEs) have been proposed as appropriate biomarkers in human urine samples to determine PAE human intake and exposure. So, it is necessary to have fast, easy, robust and validated analytical methods to determine selected MPAEs in urine human samples. Two different instrumental methods based on gas (GC) and ultra-high performance liquid (UHPLC) chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (MS) have been optimized, characterized and validated for the simultaneous determination of nine primary and secondary phthalate metabolites in urine samples. Both instrumental methods have similar sensitivity (detection limits ranged from 0.03 to 8.89pgμL-1 and from 0.06 to 0.49pgμL-1 in GC-MS and UHPLC-MS2, respectively), precision (repeatability, expressed as relative standard deviation, which was lower than 8.4% in both systems, except for 5OH-MEHP in the case of GC-MS) and accuracy. But some advantages of the UHPLC-MS2 method, such as more selectivity and lower time in the chromatographic runs (6.8min vs. 28.5min), have caused the UHPLC-MS2 method to be chosen to analyze the twenty one human urine samples from the general Spanish population. Regarding these samples, MEP showed the highest median concentration (68.6μgL-1), followed by MiBP (23.3μgL-1), 5cx-MEPP (22.5μgL-1) and MBP (19.3μgL-1). MMP (6.99μgL-1), 5oxo-MEHP (6.15μgL-1), 5OH-MEHP (5.30μgL-1) and MEHP (4.40μgL-1) showed intermediate levels. Finally, the lowest levels were found for MBzP (2.55μgL-1). These data are within the same order of magnitude as those found in other similar populations. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.