General Hospital of Volos

Vólos, Greece

General Hospital of Volos

Vólos, Greece

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Chaidas K.S.,General Hospital of Volos | Kaditis A.G.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Papadakis C.E.,General Hospital of Chania | Papandreou N.,General Hospital of Volos | And 2 more authors.
Laryngoscope | Year: 2013

Objectives/Hypothesis Adenoidectomy and tonsillectomy (TE) is the standard treatment for obstructive sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy. Tonsilloplasty (TP) is a new surgical technique that includes partial TE. The purpose of this study was to assess the short- and long-term outcomes of TP compared to TE. Study Design A comparison study. Methods Children with SDB and tonsillar hypertrophy underwent TP or TE. The two groups were compared regarding immediate postoperative course and long-term effects. Results Fifty-one children (age, 6.3 ± 2.5 years) underwent TE, and 50 children (age, 5.9 ± 2.1 years) had TP. The TP group had significantly less intraoperative bleeding compared to the TE group (25.6 ± 8.2 vs. 38.3 ± 12.3 mL, P <.001). Subjects with TP were pain free earlier than children with TE (4.5 ± 0.4 vs. 7.7 ± 0.4 days, P <.001) and returned to a normal diet sooner (3.8 ± 0.2 vs. 7.1 ± 0.3 days, P <.001). By the 3rd to 4th postoperative night, upper airway obstruction was relieved in all participants. Six years postoperatively, 48 of 51 children in the TE group and 43 of 50 children in the TP group participated in a telephone survey. No significant differences were found between the two groups regarding the frequency of recurrent snoring (30.2% in TP vs. 25% in TE), apneas (4.7% vs. 0%), and upper airway infections per year (P >.05). Conclusions TP is an alternative surgical method for treatment of SDB related to tonsillar hypertrophy with favorable postoperative course and comparable long-term results. Copyright © 2012 The American Laryngological, Rhinological, and Otological Society, Inc.

Makridis K.G.,General Hospital of Volos | Georgaklis V.,General Hospital of Volos | Georgoussis M.,General Hospital of Volos | Mandalos V.,General Hospital of Volos | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research | Year: 2010

Background: Intertrochanteric fractures are surgically treated by using different methods and implants. The optional type of surgical stabilization is still under debate. However, between devices with the same philosophy, different design characteristics may substantially influence fracture healing. This is a prospective study comparing the complication and final functional outcome of two intramedullary devices, the intramedullary hip screw (IMHS) and the ENDOVIS nail.Materials and methods: Two hundred fifteen patients were randomized on admission in two treatment groups. Epidemiology features and functional status was similar between two treatment groups. Fracture stability was assessed according to the Evan's classification. One hundred ten patients were treated with IMHS and 105 with ENDOVIS nail.Results: There were no significant statistical differences between the two groups regarding blood loss, transfusion requirements and mortality rate. In contrast, the number of total complications was significantly higher in the ENDOVIS nail group. Moreover, the overall functional and walking competence was superior in the patients treated with the IMHS nail.Conclusions: These results indicate that the choice of the proper implant plays probably an important role in the final outcome of surgical treatment of intertrochanteric fractures. IMHS nail allows for accurate surgical technique, for both static and dynamic compression and high rotational stability. IMHS nail proved more reliable in our study regarding nail insertion and overall uncomplicated outcome. © 2010 Makridis et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Papandreou D.,Aristotle University of Thessaloniki | Malindretos P.,General Hospital of Volos | Rousso I.,Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
Public Health Nutrition | Year: 2010

Objective Obesity in children is a serious public health issue in Greece. The purpose of the current study was to identify risk factors such as birth weight, breast-feeding, dietary patterns, family history of obesity and sedentary behaviours that are possibly associated with paediatric obesity.Design Two hundred and five overweight and obese children (OW/OB; group 1) aged 7-15 years from eight primary and secondary schools and a control group (group 2) of normal-weight children were matched for age and sex. Overweight and obesity were calculated based on the International Obesity Taskforce criteria. Lifestyle parameters as well as anthropometric data were collected in all children. Conditional logistic regression analysis was used to identify risk factors for obesity.Results Breast-feeding (3 months) and leisure-time physical activity proved to be protector factors against obesity (OR = 021, 95 % CI 011, 079, P < 0001 and OR = 087, 95 % CI 085, 089, P < 0001 respectively). On the other hand, family history of obesity (OR = 379, 95 % CI 261, 418, P < 0001), sugar-sweetened beverage consumption (OR = 177, 95 % CI 103, 276, P < 0001) and watching television (OR = 199, 95 % CI 154, 276, P = 004) were found to be positively associated with a higher obesity risk.Conclusions The current findings support the literature according to which duration of breast-feeding (<3 months), a family history of obesity, watching television, sedentary lifestyle and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages are important risk factors for childhood obesity. More studies are needed to elucidate the relationship of paediatric obesity and possible predictor factors in order to avoid health consequences in these children later on in life. © 2010 The Authors.

Kontogeorgakos V.,University Hospital of Thessalia | Koutalos A.,University Hospital of Thessalia | Hantes M.,University Hospital of Thessalia | Manoudis G.,General Hospital of Volos | And 2 more authors.
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy | Year: 2013

A novel technique for managing ruptured tibialis anterior tendon complicated by infection and tendon substance loss in a young adult is described. A two-stage reconstruction technique with a silicon tube and tendon autograft was performed. At first, after local control of the infection, scar excision and placement of a silicone tube was performed. Ten weeks later, ipsilateral hamstrings tendons were harvested and bridged the 7 cm tendon gap. Eighteen months later, the patient has excellent clinical and functional outcome. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Liadaki K.,University of Thessaly | Petinaki E.,University of Thessaly | Skoulakis C.,General Hospital of Volos | Tsirevelou P.,General Hospital of Volos | And 3 more authors.
Clinical and Vaccine Immunology | Year: 2011

Tonsillar disease (recurrent tonsillitis and/or tonsillar hypertrophy) is one of the most common human disorders, with Streptococcus pyogenes (group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus [GAS]) and Haemophilus influenzae representing the most common pathogens. Until now, no study has investigated why some individuals are more susceptible to tonsillar infections caused by specific bacteria than others. The aim of this study was to uncover possible associations between common Toll-like receptor gene (TLR) polymorphisms and tonsillar disease. The TLR2-R753Q, TLR4-D299G, and TLR4-T399I polymorphisms were determined in a cohort of 327 patients subjected to tonsillectomy due to recurrent tonsillitis (n = 245) and tonsillar hypertrophy (n = 82) and 245 healthy bone marrow donors. Associations of the aforementioned polymorphisms with the isolated bacterial strains after tonsillectomy were also investigated. Interestingly, carriers of the TLR4 polymorphisms displayed an approximately 3-fold increased risk for GAS infections (for TLR4-D299G, odds ratio [OR] = 2.81, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.16 to 6.79, P = 0.038; for TLR4-T399I, OR = 3.01, 95% CI = 1.29 to 7.02, P = 0.023), and this association was more profound in patients with recurrent tonsillitis. On the contrary, the presence of the TLR4-T399I polymorphism was associated with a 2-fold decreased risk of Haemophilus influenzae carriage (OR = 0.38, 95% CI = 0.15 to 0.96, P = 0.038). In the end, no significant differences were observed, considering the genotype and allele frequencies of the above-mentioned polymorphisms, between patients and controls. Our findings indicate that, regarding tonsillar infections, TLR4 polymorphisms predispose individuals to GAS infection, while they are protective against Haemophilus influenzae infection. This result further elucidates the role that host immune genetic variations might play in the susceptibility to common infections and tonsillar disease. Copyright © 2011, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

Makridis K.G.,University of Thessaly | Karachalios T.,University of Thessaly | Kontogeorgakos V.A.,University of Thessaly | Badras L.S.,General Hospital of Volos | Malizos K.N.,University of Thessaly
Injury | Year: 2015

Numerous high quality studies have shown the positive effects of various osteoporotic medical treatment regimens on bone mass and on the reduction of risk for new spinal, hip and non-spinal fractures in osteoporotic patients. However, the effect of osteoporotic treatment on the functional and clinical outcome of patients who have sustained hip fractures and been treated surgically has not yet been addressed. Five hundred and twenty patients out of 611 who were admitted (2009-2011), operated on due to a hip fracture and completed their follow-up evaluations were included in this study. Data related to functional outcome scores, re-fracture rate, quality of life and mortality rate were prospectively recorded, analysed and correlated to osteoporotic medical treatment. There were 151 (25%) men and 369 (71%) women with a mean age of 80.7 years (range, 60 to 90 years). At a mean follow-up of 27.5 months (range, 24 to 36 months) a mortality rate of 23.6% at 2 years was recorded. Mean values of functional and quality of life scores were found to have progressively improved within two years after surgery. Seventy-eight (15%) patients were taking osteoporotic treatment before their hip fracture and 89 (17.1%) started afterwards. Osteoporotic treatment proved to be an important predictor of functional recovery (all p values < 0.05), re-fracture rate (p = 0.028) and quality of life (EQ-5D, all dimensions, p values < 0.05). Osteoporotic treatment did not affect post-fracture mortality rates. Osteoporotic treatment taken before or initiated after fracture is a strong predictor of functional and clinical outcome in patients with hip fractures treated surgically.

Papandreou D.,Aristotle University of Thessaloniki | Malindretos P.,General Hospital of Volos | Rousso I.,Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
Hippokratia | Year: 2010

Background and Aim: The purpose of this study was to establish for the frst time reference curves for body fat levels in a Greek pediatric population aged 7-15y. Methods: Six hundred and seven (607) children randomly selected from 8 primary and secondary schools from Northern Greece. Percentage body fat was measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis and percentile curves were constructed using the LMS method. All children were measured twice in the morning and the mean number of the two measurements was considered as the percentage of body fat. Results: The mean number of the percentage body fat for the age group (7-9) was 18.2 ± 5.1 and 18.4 ± 6.1 for boys and girls, respectively. In the second age group (10-12) the girls had higher mean fat levels than boys (22.6 ± 5.8 vs. 20.4 ± 6.2). This increase was continued also in the third age group (13-15) with the girls having higher mean body fat levels (24.2 ± 5.5 vs. 17 ± 5.9). The 85th and 95th percentiles represented the cut-off point for overweight and obesity and it was (26.3, 33.0 and 28.9%) and (34.0, 38.2 and 38.1) for boys for the three age groups (7-9, 10-12 and 13-15), respectively. On the other hand, the girls had higher 85th and 95th percentiles for the same age group (7-9, 10-12, 13-15y) and it was (34.5, 32.9 and 33.6%) and (39.0, 370 and 38.3%), respectively. Conclusion: Body fat level, which is the component of overweight that leads to pathology, is a better representative over body mass index. These frst percentile curves will be at great assistance helping the medical community to identify obesity in these children at early stages and to prevent development at pathological diseases early in their lives.

Kourbeti I.S.,General Hospital of Chalkida | Vakis A.F.,University Hospital of Heraklion | Ziakas P.,Brown University | Karabetsos D.,University Hospital of Heraklion | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Neurosurgery | Year: 2015

Object The authors performed a prospective study to define the prevalence and microbiological characteristics of infections in patients undergoing craniotomy and to clarify the risk factors for post-craniotomy meningitis. Methods Patients older than 18 years who underwent nonstereotactic craniotomies between January 2006 and December 2008 were included. Demographic, clinical, laboratory, and microbiological data were systemically recorded. Patient characteristics, craniotomy type, and pre- and postoperative variables were evaluated as risk factors for meningitis Results Three hundred thirty-four procedures were analyzed (65.6% involving male patients). Traumatic brain injury was the most common reason for craniotomy. Almost 40% of the patients developed at least 1 infection. Ventilatorassociated pneumonia (VAP) was the most common infection recorded (22.5%) and Acinetobacter spp. were isolated in 44% of the cases. Meningitis was encountered in 16 procedures (4.8%), and CSF cultures were positive for microbial growth in 100% of these cases. Gram-negative pathogens (Acinetobacter spp., Klebsiella spp., Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterobacter cloaceae, Proteus mirabilis) represented 88% of the pathogens. Acinetobacter and Klebsiella spp. demonstrated a high percentage of resistance in several antibiotic classes. In multivariate analysis, the risk for meningitis was independently associated with perioperative steroid use (OR 11.55, p = 0.005), CSF leak (OR 48.03, p < 0.001), and ventricular drainage (OR 70.52, p < 0.001). Con clusion s Device-related postoperative communication between the CSF and the environment, CSF leak, and perioperative steroid use were defined as risk factors for meningitis in this study. Ventilator-associated pneumonia was the most common infection overall. The offending pathogens presented a high level of resistance to several antibiotics. © AANS, 2015.

PubMed | General Hospital of Volos and University of Thessaly
Type: | Journal: The Journal of asthma : official journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma | Year: 2017

Patients with uncontrolled asthma are at a greater risk of asthma attacks requiring emergency room visits or hospital admissions. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is potentially a significant complication in a course of status asthmaticus.We present a 43-year-old female patient who presented with status asthmaticus further complicated with takotsubo cardiomyopathy.Recognizing apical ballooning syndrome is challenging in patients with a history of respiratory disease because the symptoms of the last entity may complicate the diagnostic approach. It is difficult to distinguish clinically apical ballooning syndrome from the acute airway exacerbation itself. Both asthma and takotsubo cardiomyopathy share the same clinical presentation with dyspnea and chest tightness. In our patient, the electrocardiographic abnormalities, the rapidly reversible distinctive characteristics of echocardiography and the modest elevation of serum cardiac biomarkers levels, in combination with the presence of a stress trigger (severe asthma attack), strongly supported the diagnosis of broken heart syndrome.Clinicians should re-evaluate asthma management and be aware of the complications associated with asthma attacks such as stress-induced cardiomyopathy.

PubMed | General Hospital of Volos, University of Human Medicine and University Hospital
Type: | Journal: Case reports in medicine | Year: 2016

Common side effects of dabigatran are bleeding, bruising, nausea, diarrhea, and abdomen discomfort. Skin reactions were not often noted (<0.1%). We report a case of 70-year-old male who developed dabigatran related skin reaction resistant to usual therapy. Skin biopsy revealed leukocytoclastic vasculitis.

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