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Cui D.,Yanshan University | Wang J.,Yanshan University | Bian Z.,Yanshan University | Li Q.,General Hospital of Second Artillery Corps of PLA | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Innovative Optical Health Sciences | Year: 2015

EEG characteristics that correlate with the cognitive functions are important in detecting mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in T2DM. To investigate the complexity between aMCI group and age-matched non-aMCI control group in T2DM, six entropies combining empirical mode decomposition (EMD), including Approximate entropy (ApEn), Sample entropy (SaEn), Fuzzy entropy (FEn), Permutation entropy (PEn), Power spectrum entropy (PsEn) and Wavelet entropy (WEn) were used in the study. A feature extraction technique based on maximization of the area under the curve (AUC) and a support vector machine (SVM) were subsequently used to for features selection and classification. Finally, Pearson's linear correlation was employed to study associations between these entropies and cognitive functions. Compared to other entropies, FEn had a higher classification accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of 68%, 67.1% and 71.9%, respectively. Top 43 salient features achieved classification accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of 73.8%, 72.3% and 77.9%, respectively. P4, T4 and C4 were the highest ranking salient electrodes. Correlation analysis showed that FEn based on EMD was positively correlated to memory at electrodes F7, F8 and P4, and PsEn based on EMD was positively correlated to Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) and memory at electrode T4. In sum, FEn based on EMD in right-temporal and occipital regions may be more suitable for early diagnosis of the MCI with T2DM. © 2015 The Authors. Source


Cui D.,Yanshan University | Liu J.,Yanshan University | Bian Z.,Yanshan University | Li Q.,General Hospital of Second Artillery Corps of PLA | And 3 more authors.
Scientific World Journal | Year: 2014

Is synchronization altered in amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and normal cognitive functions subjects in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)? Resting eye-closed EEG data were recorded in 8 aMCI subjects and 11 age-matched controls in T2DM. Three multivariate synchronization algorithms (S-estimator (S), synchronization index (SI), and global synchronization index (GSI)) were used to measure the synchronization in five ROIs of sLORETA sources for seven bands. Results showed that aMCI group had lower synchronization values than control groups in parietal delta and beta2 bands, temporal delta and beta2 bands, and occipital theta and beta2 bands significantly. Temporal (r = 0.629; P = 0.004) and occipital (r = 0.648; P = 0.003) theta S values were significantly positive correlated with Boston Name Testing. In sum, each of methods reflected that the cortical source synchronization was significantly different between aMCI and control group, and these difference correlated with cognitive functions. © 2014 Dong Cui et al. Source

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