General Hospital of Linz

Linz, Austria

General Hospital of Linz

Linz, Austria
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Rudas M.,Medical University of Vienna | Dietze O.,University of Salzburg | Luisser I.,Hospital Guessing | Klug E.,Hospital of Oberwart | And 8 more authors.
Annals of Oncology | Year: 2013

Background: In early estrogen receptor (ER)-positive/HER2-negative breast cancer, the decision to administer chemotherapy is largely based on prognostic criteria. The combined molecular/clinical EndoPredict test (EPclin) has been validated to accurately assess prognosis in this population. In this study, the clinical relevance of EPclin in relation to well-established clinical guidelines is assessed. Patients and methods: We assigned risk groups to 1702 ER-positive/HER2-negative postmenopausal women from two large phase III trials treated only with endocrine therapy. Prognosis was assigned according to National Comprehensive Cancer Center Network-, German S3-, St Gallen guidelines and the EPclin. Prognostic groups were compared using the Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. Results: After 10 years, absolute risk reductions (ARR) between the high- and low-risk groups ranged from 6.9% to 11.2% if assigned according to guidelines. It was at 18.7% for EPclin. EPclin reassigned 58%-61% of women classified as high-/intermediate-risk (according to clinical guidelines) to low risk. Women reclassified to low risk showed a 5% rate of distant metastasis at 10 years. Conclusion: The EPclin score is able to predict favorable prognosis in a majority of patients that clinical guidelines would assign to intermediate or high risk. EPclin may reduce the indications for chemotherapy in ER-positive postmenopausal women with a limited number of clinical risk factors. © The Author 2012.

Dubsky P.,Medical University of Vienna | Brase J.C.,Sividon Diagnostics | Jakesz R.,Medical University of Vienna | Rudas M.,Medical University of Vienna | And 16 more authors.
British Journal of Cancer | Year: 2013

Background:ER+/HER2-breast cancers have a proclivity for late recurrence. A personalised estimate of relapse risk after 5 years of endocrine treatment can improve patient selection for extended hormonal therapy.Methods:A total of 1702 postmenopausal ER+/HER2-breast cancer patients from two adjuvant phase III trials (ABCSG6, ABCSG8) treated with 5 years of endocrine therapy participated in this study. The multigene test EndoPredict (EP) and the EPclin score (which combines EP with tumour size and nodal status) were predefined in independent training cohorts. All patients were retrospectively assigned to risk categories based on gene expression and on clinical parameters. The primary end point was distant metastasis (DM). Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression analysis were used in an early (0-5 years) and late time interval (>5 years post diagnosis).Results:EP is a significant, independent, prognostic parameter in the early and late time interval. The expression levels of proliferative and ER signalling genes contribute differentially to the underlying biology of early and late DM. The EPclin stratified 64% of patients at risk after 5 years into a low-risk subgroup with an absolute 1.8% of late DM at 10 years of follow-up.Conclusion:The EP test provides additional prognostic information for the identification of early and late DM beyond what can be achieved by combining the commonly used clinical parameters. The EPclin reliably identified a subgroup of patients who have an excellent long-term prognosis after 5 years of endocrine therapy. The side effects of extended therapy should be weighed against this projected outcome. © 2013 Cancer Research UK.

Kocher F.,Innsbruck Medical University | Pircher A.,Innsbruck Medical University | Mohn-Staudner A.,SMZ Otto Wagner Hospital | Romeder F.,Paracelsus Medical University | And 7 more authors.
Lung Cancer | Year: 2014

Objectives: Neoadjuvant therapy with a platinum based doublet is an option in NSCLC patients with upfront resectable disease. However, the role of neoadjuvant induction in stages IIIA and IIIB and in initially not resectable patients is unclear. Patients and methods: In this phase II trial, 78 patients with locally advanced NSCLC, of whom 56 were considered not resectable at initial diagnosis, were treated with three neoadjuvant cycles of docetaxel and cisplatin and subjected to radical surgery if resectable. Definitive radiochemotherapy (RCT) using weekly docetaxel was the prespecified alternative if patients were not resectable at restaging. The primary objective was response to neoadjuvant induction. Results: After induction, 36 (46%) were radically operated and 24 (31%) were treated with RCT. Overall, 32 patients (41%) completed the entire study plan. Partial response to induction therapy was observed in 43 patients (55%); furthermore, 19 of 56 initially not resectable cases (34%) became resectable upon induction. Median progression-free (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 8.5 and 16.4 months for the whole cohort. Encouragingly, conversion to resectability was predictive for favorable outcome. On the other hand, patients who were not resectable at restaging and received RCT were characterized by a rather unfavorable prognosis (5-year and 10-year OS, whole cohort: 20% and 12%; RCT: 8% and 0%; surgery: 37% and 24%, respectively). Conclusion: Neoadjuvant induction with the doublet docetaxel/cisplatin and subsequent radical resection resulted in favorable survival. Of note, conversion to resectability was mandatory for the chance of cure in patients considered initially not resectable. © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

Cetin H.,Medical University of Vienna | Rath J.,Medical University of Vienna | Fuzi J.,Unit for Health Care Economics | Reichardt B.,Unit for Health Care Economics | And 10 more authors.
Neuroepidemiology | Year: 2015

Objectives: To assess the epidemiology of ALS in Austria and to evaluate the long-term effect of riluzole treatment on survival. Methods: Hospital discharge and riluzole prescription databases were used to identify ALS cases from January 2008 to June 2012. Using the capture-recapture method we evaluated the incidence and prevalence of ALS and patients' survival in dependence of age, gender and riluzole treatment. Results: The corrected incidence and prevalence of ALS were 3.13/100,000 person-years (95% CI, 2.77 to 3.50) and 9.14/100,000 persons (95% CI, 8.53 to 9.79), respectively. Median survival from diagnosis was 676 days (95% CI, 591 to 761). A younger age at diagnosis was associated with a longer survival. Gender did not appear to affect survival time. Riluzole therapy was associated with a survival advantage only for the initial treatment period. The adjusted hazard ratio of mortality for using riluzole increased continually over time resulting in an apparent reversal of its beneficial effect after 6 months of therapy. Conclusions: We report incidence and prevalence estimates that are on the upper end of the wide range discussed in literature. Riluzole seems to exert a beneficial effect only in the first 6 months of therapy. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Rohleder N.H.,General Hospital of Linz | Loeffelbein D.J.,General Hospital of Linz | Feistl W.,General Hospital of Linz | Eddicks M.,General Hospital of Linz | And 5 more authors.
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery | Year: 2013

BACKGROUND: Oronasal fistulas are a frequent complication after cleft palate surgery. Numerous repair methods have been described, but wound-healing problems occur often. The authors investigated, for the first time, the suitability of multilayered amniotic membrane allograft for fistula repair in a laboratory experiment (part A), a swine model (part B), and an initial patient series (part C). METHODS: In part A, one-, two-, and four-layer porcine and human amniotic membranes (n = 20 each) were fixed in a digital towing device and the force needed for rupture was determined. In part B, iatrogenic oronasal fistulas in 18 piglets were repaired with amniotic membrane allograft, autofetal amniotic membrane, or small intestinal submucosa (n = 6 each). Healing was evaluated by probing and visual inflammation control (no/moderate/strong) on postoperative days 3, 7, 10, and 76. Histological analysis was performed to visualize tissue architecture. In part C, four patients (two women and two men, ages 21 to 51 years) were treated with multilayered amniotic membrane allograft. RESULTS: In part A, forces needed for amniotic membrane rupture increased with additional layers (p < 0.001). Human amniotic membrane was stronger than porcine membrane (p < 0.001). In part B, fistula closure succeeded in all animals treated with amniotic membrane with less inflammation than in the small intestinal submucosa group. One fistula remained persistent in the small intestinal submucosa group. In part C, all fistulas healed completely without inflammation. CONCLUSIONS: Amniotic membrane is an easily available biomaterial and can be used successfully for oronasal fistula repair. The multilayer technique and protective plates should be utilized to prevent membrane ruptures. Copyright © 2013 by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

Yaman C.,General Hospital of Linz | Mayer R.,General Hospital of Linz
Journal of the Turkish German Gynecology Association | Year: 2012

Different ultrasound parameters have been used to assess endometrial receptivity during ART treatment, including endometrial thickness, endometrial pattern, endometrial volume, Doppler of uterine arteries and endometrial blood flow. However, conflicting results have been reported with regard to their role in the prediction of pregnancy in ART treatment. The 3D ultrasound with power Doppler provides a unique tool with which to examine the blood supply of the whole endometrium and subendometrial region. Volume assessment can also be precisely performed by 3D ultrasound. Based on a med-line research and on our experience, the clinical use of 3D ultrasound is discussed in this review article. © 2012 by the Turkish-German Gynecological Education and Research Foundation.

Dirisamer A.,St Vincents Hospital | Dirisamer A.,Medical University of Vienna | Halpern B.S.,Medical University of Vienna | Flory D.,General Hospital of Linz | And 4 more authors.
European Journal of Radiology | Year: 2010

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the diagnostic value of PET/CT as a one step examination in patients with colorectal cancer. Therefore we proved whether diagnostic PET/CT adds information over PET or contrast-enhanced CT alone for staging or restaging of patients with colorectal cancer. Methods: Seventy-three patients (46 males and 27 females; age range: 50-81 years; mean age: 67 years) with known colorectal cancer underwent 18F-FDG-PET/CT for staging or restaging. Results: Of the 73 patients 26 patients underwent PET/CT for staging and 47 for restaging. 266 metastases could be detected in 60 patients. Contrast-enhanced PET/CT had a lesion-based sensitivity of 100%, contrast-enhanced CT of 91% and PET of 85%. PET/CT identified 2 lesions as false positive. PET/CT could also reach a patient-based sensitivity of 100%, which was superior to contrast-enhanced CT and PET. Conclusion: Our study clearly demonstrated the added value of contrast-enhanced PET/CT in staging and restaging patients with colorectal cancer over CT and PET alone. © 2008.

Gabriel M.,Innsbruck Medical University | Gabriel M.,General Hospital of Linz
Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift | Year: 2012

For decades, Iodine-131 has been used for the treatment of patients with thyroid cancer. In recent years, increasingly, other radiopharmaceuticals are in clinical use in the treatment of various malignant diseases. Although in principle these therapies-as in all applications of radionuclides-special radiation protection measures are required, a separate nuclear medicine therapy department is not necessary in many cases due to the lower or lack of gamma radiation. In the following article, four diferent radionuclide therapies are more closely presented which are emerging in the last years. One of them is the "Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Terapy," the so-called PRRT in which radiolabeled somatostatin (SST)-receptor(R) ligands are used in patients with neuroendocrine tumors. On the basis of radiolabeled antibodies against CD20-positive cells, the so-called radioimmunotherapy is used in the treatment of certain forms of malignant lymphoma. In primary or secondary liver tumors, the 90Y-labeled particles can be administered. Last but not the least, the palliative approach of bone-seeking radiopharmaceuticals is noted in patients with painful bone metastases. © 2012 Springer-Verlag Wien.

Mitsch C.,Medical University of Vienna | Pemp B.,Medical University of Vienna | Kriechbaum K.,Medical University of Vienna | Bolz M.,General Hospital of Linz | And 2 more authors.
Retina | Year: 2016

Purpose: To identify the effects of pan-retinal laser treatment on the integrity of neurosensory retinal layers. Methods: Patients were examined with fluorescence angiography after a standardized examination for diabetic retinopathy and a peripapillary ring scan with spectral domain optical coherence tomography. A single-session pan-retinal photocoagulation was performed using the PASCAL pattern scanning argon laser applying a minimum of 1,500 spots. Optical coherence tomography was evaluated more than 6 months. Results: Eighteen eyes of 12 consecutive patients with new onset, treatment-naive proliferative diabetic retinopathy secondary to diabetes Type 2 were treated and retinal optical coherence tomography morphology evaluated. Retinal nerve fiber layer thickness increased statistically significantly from baseline to week 1, when it reached its peak. The combined thickness of the outer plexiform and the inner nuclear layers and the combined thickness of the inner plexiform and the ganglion cell layers showed no relevant changes. The combined thickness of the retinal pigment epithelium and the photoreceptor cell layers decreased at month 1 followed by a steady increase in thickness, which remained below baseline values over time. Conclusion: Pan-retinal photocoagulation in proliferative diabetic retinopathy leads to a slowly reversible, marked biological response with statistically significant morphometric changes detected by spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Swelling of the retinal nerve fiber and outer nuclear layers induce an increase in peripapillary total retinal thickness. Simultaneously, the photoreceptor and retinal pigment epithelium layers decrease in thickness. These changes indicate diffuse retinal inflammation after pan-retinal laser therapy.

Dirisamer A.,St Vincents Hospital | Dirisamer A.,Medical University of Vienna | Halpern B.S.,Medical University of Vienna | Flory D.,General Hospital of Linz | And 4 more authors.
European Journal of Radiology | Year: 2010

Objective(s): Only few information exist about the diagnostic accuracy of PET/CT for restaging patients with metastatic recurrence of breast carcinoma. Therefore, our study hypothesis was to perform diagnostic contrast enhanced CT (ce-CT) and FDG-PET in a one-step investigation, to prove sensitivity of each modality and to determine whether diagnostic PET/CT adds information over PET or contrast enhanced CT alone for restaging of patients with suspected recurrence of breast cancer. Methods: Fifty-two patients with suspected recurrence of breast cancer were included in our study. All of them were free of metastasis after the first line therapy. Indications for restaging were: Elevated tumor markers n = 32, clinical deterioration n = 16 and/or suspicious findings on other imaging studies n = 48. Integrated PET/CT was performed using contrast-enhanced diagnostic CT for attenuation correction. Results: PET was correct in 44/52 patients (85%), ce-CT in 38/52 patients (73%) and PET/CT in 50/52 patients (96%). Sensitivity and specificity of lesion detection of PET, CT and PET/CT were 84%, 66% and 93%, and 100%, 92%, and 100%, respectively. Discussion: PET/CT can improve staging and alter therapeutic options in patients suspected to have breast cancer recurrence and distant metastatic disease, primarily by demonstrating local or distant nodal involvement occult at other imaging studies. The added value of FDG-PET/CT over other diagnostic modalities is mainly expressed by the fact that a noninvasive whole-body evaluation is possible in a single examination. © 2009.

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