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Ma D.,General Hospital of Lanzhou
Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery | Year: 2012

To summarize the recent progress of cell-based approaches for promoting bone regeneration in distraction osteogenesis (DO). Recent literature concerning enhancement of bone regeneration following DO using cell-based approaches was reviewed and analyzed. An overview of 4 different cell-based approaches was mainly provided: single cell injection, cell scaffold-based strategies/injectable tissue engineered bone, microtissue technology or cell aggregate technology, and stem cell gene therapy. Each has its advantages and disadvantages. Other methods are still in the experimental research except that compound injection of bone marrow mesechymal stem cells and platelet-rich plasma has been applied to clinical practice. The cell-based approach is a promising strategy in the field of bone regenerative medicine. These approaches have bright future in promoting bone regeneration and reducing the treatment period in DO in the clinical application. However, well-designed preclinical studies are required to establish safe and effective guidelines for cell-based approaches to promoting bone regeneration during DO.


Liu Y.,General Hospital of Lanzhou
Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery | Year: 2010

To construct the lentiviral vector to co-express enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene and human insulin (insulin) gene, and to explore the condition to transfect human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) so as to lay a foundation for tissue engineered adipose reconstruction and transplantation in vivo in future. The insulin gene was cloned to lentiviral expression vector with EGFP [pLenti6.3-internal ribosome entry site (IRES)-EGFP] by recombinant DNA technology, the positive clones were screened, and lentiviral packaged systems and target gene plasmid were co-transfected to package virus in 293T cells by lipofectin. The reporter gene expression was observed by fluorescent inverted phase contrast microscope, virus supernatant was collected, purified and concentrated, and the titer of recombinant viruses was determined, hUCMSCs from umbilical cord tissue of mature neonates were isolated and cultured by different multiple of infection (MOI, 0, 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 15, and 20). By recombinant lentiviral infected hUCMSCs with reporter gene green fluorescent protein expression, the best MOI was screened; recombinant lentiviral infected hUCMSCs at the best MOI, then real-time PCR and Western blot methods were applied to detect insulin gene and insulin protein expression levels in cells. The recombinant lentiviral vector of co-expressing insulin gene and EGFP gene (pLenti6.3-insulin-IRES EGFP) was successfully constructed. Virus could be packaged, purified and concentrated successfully. The virus titer was 1.3 x 10(8) TU/mL. The best MOI was 10 and the transfer efficiency was up to 90% in the same time. Real-time PCR results showed that insulin gene expression of transfected group was positive and non-transfected group was negative; Western blot detection confirmed that insulin protein expression of transfected group was positive in cells and supernatant, but that of non-transfected group was both negative. Lentiviral vector pLenti6.3-insulin-IRES-EGFP carrying recombinant insulin gene could effectively transfect hUCMSCs and express insulin protein.


Zhang M.,General Hospital of Lanzhou
Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery | Year: 2012

To investigate the effect of salidroside on rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) differentiation into the cholinergic nerve cells, so as to provide the theory basis of the combination of salidroside and stem cells for clinical therapy of nervous system diseases. BMSCs were isolated from 2 Wistar rats (aged 4-6 weeks,weighing 120 g), which were identified by CD34, CD45, CD90, and CD106 with flow cytometry. According to inducing method, BMSCs at passage 2 were divided into 3 groups: In groups A and B, BMSCs were induced by salidroside (20 microg/mL) and retinoic acid (5 micromol/mL) respectively for 1, 3, 6, and 9 days, in group C, BMSCs were cultured with serum-free DMEM/F12 medium as control. MTT assay was used to detect the cellular proliferation activity. The immunofluorescence chemical technology was used to detect the expressions of nerve growth factor (NGF) and relevant marker molecule of nerve cells, including neuron-specific enolase (NSE), microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2), beta-Tubulin III, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), and the marker of cholinergic neuron, such as Acetylcholine (Ach) and NGF. RT-PCR was used to detect mRNA expressions of NSE, beta-Tubulin III, GFAP,brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF),and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). ELISA was used to detect the levels of BDNF and NGF, and the expression level of NGF protein was analyzed by Western blot. The results of the flow cytometry showed that the cultured cells were CD90 and CD106 positive, and CD34 and CD45 negative,which indicated that the cells were BMSCs. The cellular proliferation activity in groups A and B were significantly higher than that in group C at 6 days and 9 days (P < 0.05). RT-PCR results showed that the expression level of NSE,BDNF, beta-Tubulin III,GFAPmRNA were increased in group A at 6 days; In group B, that expression level of NSE mRNA was up-regulated at 6 days, that expression level of BDNF mRNA increased at 1 days and reached the peak at 6 days, and that expression level of beta-Tubulin III mRNA was up-regulated at 3 days, which was significantly higher than that at the other time points, and than that in group C (P < 0.01). But no GABA mRNA expression was detected in each group. Immunofluorescence chemical technology staining showed that the positive rates of NSE, MAP2, beta-Tubulin III, and GFAP were significantly higher in group A than those in group C at 3 days; the positive rates of Ach were significantly higher at 3, 6, and 9 days than those at 1 day in groups A and B, and in groups A and B than in group C (P < 0.01); the positive rates of NGF in groups A and B were significantly higher than those in group C (P < 0.01). The levels of BDNF and NGF in groups A and B were significantly higher than those in group C at 1, 3, 6, and 9 days (P < 0.01), but no significant difference of BDNF was found between groups A and B (P > 0.05). The expression level of NGF protein in groups A and B were significantly higher than that in group C (P < 0.01). The NGF expression reached the peak at 6 days in group A and at 3 days in group B. Salidroside could induce rat BMSCs differentiate into cholinergic nerve cells in vitro.


Zhai Y.K.,General Hospital of Lanzhou
Zhong yao cai = Zhongyaocai = Journal of Chinese medicinal materials | Year: 2010

To investigate the effects of icariin and it's main metabolites-icariside II on the osteogenic differentiation of rat bone marrow stromal cells (rBMSCs). rBMSCs were cultured by adherence screening method, icariin and icariside II were supplemented into the culture at 5 x 10(-5) mol/L respectively. The osteogenic differentiation markers including alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, CFU-F(ALp), osteocalcin secretion, calcium deposition and mineralized bone modulus were compared among the icariin-supplemented group, icariside II and the control. The gene expressions of bFGF, IGF-1, Osterix and Runx-2 were examined by RT-Real Time PCR. Both icariside II and icariin significantly improved ALP activity, CFU-F(ALP) amount, osteocalcin secretion, calcium deposition and mineralized modulus. Besides, they enhanced the gene expressions of bFGF, IGF-1, Osterix and Runx-2. Icariside II was obviously stronger than icariin at the above activities. Icariside II is stronger than icariin at enhancing the osteogenic differentiation of rBMSCs, suggesting that icariin can be administered via oral and it's metabolites are the effective constitutes for antiosteoporosis activity.


Ming L.G.,General Hospital of Lanzhou
Zhong yao cai = Zhongyaocai = Journal of Chinese medicinal materials | Year: 2011

To investigate the effect of isopsoralen on proliferation, osteogenic differentiation and calcification capacity of rat calvarial osteoblasts (ROB). Segregated neonatal SD rat skull,and digestion with enzyme to obtain bone cells and cultured in MEM containing 10% FBS. Exchange the medium after three days, proceeded serial subcultivation when cells covered with 90% culture dish. Proliferation analysis was performed in 96-well plates use MTT method, isopsoralen's final concentration were 1 x 10(-4), 1 x10(-5), 1 x 10(-6), 1 x 10(-7) mmol/L. Differentiation analysis was performed in 24-well plates, the Alkaline phosphatase activity and calcium salt sediment yield and osteocalcin measured at the 4th, 8th, 12th, 16th day. At 12th day, proceeded ALP stain, and at 14th day for alizarin red staining and calcified nodule count. When the Isopsoralen's final concentration was 1 x 10(-5) mmol/L, there was no significant effect on the ROB's proliferation, but it could promote osteogenesis. It also could raise the ALP activity and calcium salt sediment yield and osteocalcin, increase calcified tubercle amount. When the isopsoralen final concentration is 1 x 10(-5) mmol/L, it promoted ROB differentiation and maturation. Isopsoralen may be the active ingredients of preventing anti-osteoporosis in Psoralea corylifolia.

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