Pappas S.,General Hospital of Korinthos |
Maragoudakis P.,Rimini Street |
Vlastarakos P.,Lister Hospital |
Assimakopoulos D.,Rimini Street |
And 3 more authors.
European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology | Year: 2011
The choice between surgical (ST) and percutaneous tracheostomy (PT) is not often based on evidence. The aim is to evaluate the quality of evidence in published articles comparing the two methods. A MEDLINE search was done. From 298 articles found, 37 fulfilled the inclusion criteria and 35 were further analyzed. No study was based on type I evidence, 13 (37%) represented type II, in 1 (3%) a clear-cut definition between type II or III was not possible and 21 (60%) represented type III or IV evidence. Taking into account the complication rate of the 13 type II evidence studies, 7 are in favor of PT and 3 in favor of ST. The majority of studies comparing PT with ST are of type III or IV level of evidence. Even if only type II studies are analyzed, outcomes are controversial. Any claims by clinicians in favor of a particular treatment are still debatable. © 2010 Springer-Verlag. Source
Zoe R.,University of Nicosia |
Charalambous C.,European University Cyprus |
Popi S.,Technological Educational Institute of Athens |
Maria R.,General Hospital of Korinthos |
And 2 more authors.
Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice | Year: 2014
Purpose: To investigate Cypriot nurses' knowledge and attitude towards alternative treatments. Methods: Two hundred randomly selected registered Nurses from public hospitals in Cyprus were administered an anonymous self-report questionnaire with closed-type questions. The particular questionnaire has previously been used in similar surveys. Six questions referred to demographic data and 14 questions to attitudes and knowledge towards alternative medicine. One hundred and thirty-eight questionnaires were adequately completed and evaluated. Descriptive and inferential statistics was performed. SPSS 17.0 was used. Statistical significance was set at p<0.05. Results: Over 1/3 of our sample nurses reported that they had turned to some form of alternative treatment at some point in their lives in order to deal with a certain medical situation. Most of these nurses who reported some knowledge on specific alternative treatment methods, (75.9%) also reported using such methods within their clinical practice. The nurses who had received some form of alternative treatment reported using them more often in their clinical practice, in comparison to those who had never received such treatment (Mann-Whitney U=1137, p=0.006). The more frequently nurses used alternative treatment in their clinical practice, the more interested they got in expanding their knowledge on the subject (Pearson's r=0.250, p=0.006). Conclusion: Most nurses are familiar with alternative medicine and interested in expanding their knowledge on subject, despite the fact that they do not usually practice it. Special education and training as well as legislative actions are necessary for alternative medicine to be broadly accepted. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source
Kalargirou A.A.,Technological Educational Institute of Athens |
Beloukas A.I.,Technological Educational Institute of Athens |
Kosma A.G.,Technological Educational Institute of Athens |
Nanou C.I.,Technological Educational Institute of Athens |
And 2 more authors.
Blood Transfusion | Year: 2014
Background. Blood supplies in Greece are insufficient to meet the high transfusion needs arising from car accidents and treatment of thalassaemia. This study was designed to determine Greeks' opinions about blood donation, in order to identify the reasons for the lack of motivation to donate and allow experts to establish better recruitment campaigns for the enrichment of the donor pool, based on our findings. Materials and methods. The opinions of randomly selected Greek citizens (n=800) about volunteer blood donation were assessed by means of a standardised, anonymous questionnaire. The results were analysed using the χ2 test and Spearman's correlation coefficient. Results. With regards to attitudes towards intention to donate, only 7.1% were indifferent, while 88.0% of the individuals believed that donating blood was an "offer". Reasons for not donating mainly involved safety (36.0%) and fear (24.0%), whereas need (77.9%) was the most fundamental positive motivation. Of the people enrolled in the present study, 10.0% were active donors, 31.3% occasional donors, 15.0% rare donors and 36.6% non-donors. Discussion. The considerable percentages of occasional and rare donors in comparison with the low proportion of active donors in the Greek donor pool indicates that "need" is a more important motivation for blood donation than altruism in Greece. These results could be useful for establishing advertising campaigns on blood donation and for a more direct approach to the population, aiming for a change in mentality in favour of active blood donation. © SIMTI Servizi Srl. Source
Saridi M.,University of Peloponnese |
Karra A.,General Hospital of Korinthos |
Souliotis K.,University of Peloponnese
Archives of Hellenic Medicine | Year: 2016
OBJECTIVE Evaluation of work related stress in those employed in health care occupations in Korinthia. METHOD The study was conducted in the primary and secondary health care services in Korinthia. The response rate among the health care professionals was 87.7% and the final study sample consisted of 579 employees. Data were collected using anonymous questionnaires. Processing and analysis of the data were carried out using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS), version 17.0 and statistical significance was set at p<0.05. RESULTS The majority of respondents were employed in a hospital (80.8%) and occupied in the surgical (50.2%) and internal medicine (21.2%) departments. The main stress factors related to working conditions were reported to be the heavy workload (57.5%), adverse working conditions (51.9%) and rotating shifts (44.5%). Approximately one in two employees believed that the economic crisis affects their performance at work, making it the main cause of stress at work (48.2%). Older employees (51–60 years) reported more often stress factors related to the environment (mean: 2.90, SD: 0.831) and the economic crisis (mean: 4.05, SD: 1.117). Employees with the highest level of education (MD/PhD) reported the highest rate of intensity in stress factors related to working conditions (mean: 3.32, SD: 0.882), functionality (mean: 2.94, SD 0.629) and the environment (mean: 2.94, SD: 0.929). CONCLUSIONS Health care employees reported high levels of work related stress due to factors linked with working conditions, functionality, the work environment, effectiveness and the economic crisis. An association was found with demographic characteristics, including gender, age, socioeconomic status, speciality and place of employment. Health care is a field in which the state should intervene to reduce stress by improving the infrastructure and providing encouragement for the workforce. © Athens Medical Society. Source
Kyriazis I.,General Hospital Asclepeion Voulas |
Rekleiti M.,General Hospital of Korinthos |
Saridi M.,General Hospital of Korinthos |
Beliotis E.,Diabetes Outpatient Clinic |
And 3 more authors.
Archives of Medical Science | Year: 2012
Introduction: During the last two decades, obesity has proved to be one of the most important problems of public health, and it is considerably more frequent in developed countries, not only in adults, but in children, too. The aim of the current study is to evaluate the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children. Material and methods: Two thousand three hundred and seventy-four pupils in primary education were considered for the study (1206 boys and 1168 girls). Results: In the population-based study, the proportion of overweight children was 23.9%, of obese children 7.3%, and of those with central obesity 35.5%. The boys were obese in a higher percentage than the girls (9.2% vs. 5.3%, p < 0.05). The obesity rates were gradually reduced as the children were growing older. The nutritional habits which were identified to have a positive association with obesity were the following: skipping breakfast, not consuming fruits and vegetables, and consuming bread and soft drinks. Children's healthy nutrition in school was related to lower rates of generalised and central obesity, while the hours spent watching TV were positively associated with all types of obesity. Conclusions: Results from the study suggest that a high proportion of children are overweight or obese. Therefore, it is important to adhere to a healthy lifestyle which emphasizes healthy food choices and habits, regular physical activity, and limiting screen time. Copyright © 2012 Termedia & Banach. Source