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Cai W.-K.,Kunming General Hospital of Chengdu Military Region | Lin J.-J.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | He G.-H.,Kunming General Hospital of Chengdu Military Region | Wang H.,Chengdu General Hospital of Chengdu Military Region | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology

To investigate the appropriate cutoff point of CA19-9 for prognosis and other potential prognostic factors that may affect survival of patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HC) after radical surgery. 168 patients who had undergone radical surgery for hilar cholangiocarcinoma and resultant macroscopic curative resection (R0 and R1) were discreetly selected for analyses. Categorized versions were used in univariate model to determine the appropriate cutoff point of CA19-9. CA19-9 and other clinicopathologic factors were analyzed for influence on survival by univariate and multivariate methods. The strongest univariate predictor among the categorized preoperative CA19-9 measures was CA19-9 less than 150 IU/L (P = 0.000). In univariate analysis, tumor size, Bismuth-Corlette classification, portal vein invasion, Lymph node metastasis, resection margin and preoperative CA19-9 levels were identified as significant prognostic factors. In multivariable analysis, lymph node metastasis, resection margin and preoperative CA19-9 levels were independent prognostic factors. our results demonstrated that preoperative CA19-9 levels was also an independent prognostic factor for hilar cholangiocarcinoma, and the most discriminative cutoff point of CA19-9 for prognosis proved to be at 150 U/ml. Source

Wang L.,Chengdu General Hospital of Chengdu Military Region
Zhonghua nan ke xue = National journal of andrology

To investigate the method and clinical efficacy of laparoscopic excision of seminal vesicle cyst. Laparoscopic excision of seminal vesicle cyst was performed under general anaesthesia in two patients with symptomatic seminal vesicle cyst confirmed by ultrasonography and CT scanning preoperatively. The sizes of the seminal vesicle cysts were 3.3 cm x 3.7 cm x 2.5 cm and 4.1 cm x 4.3 cm x 5.3 cm, respectively. The operations were performed successfully in both the patients, with the operation time of 140 min and 100 min, blood loss of 50 ml and 20 ml, and postoperative stay of 6 days. The patients were followed up for 6 and 7 months, respectively. All the preoperative symptoms disappeared, and no complications and recurrence were found. Laparoscopic excision of seminal vesicle cyst, with a good visual field, refined procedure, minimal invasiveness and rapid recovery, is a safe and effective surgical option for patients with seminal vesicle cyst. Source

Zeng D.-F.,Chongqing Medical University | Ting L.,Chongqing Medical University | Yong Z.,Chengdu General Hospital of Chengdu Military Region | Cheng C.,Chongqing Medical University | And 2 more authors.
Pathology and Oncology Research

Accumulating evidence indicates that the interaction of human LSCs (leukemic stem cells) with the hematopoietic microenvironment, mediated by the thrombopoietin (TPO)/c-MPL pathway, may be an underlying mechanism for resistance to cell cycle-dependent cytotoxic chemotherapy. However, the role of TPO/c-MPL signaling in AML (acute myelogenous leukemia) chemotherapy resistance hasn't been fully understood. The c-MPL and TPO levels in different AML samples were measured by flow cytometry and ELISA. We also assessed the TPO levels in the osteoblasts derived from bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). The survival rate of an AML cell line that had been co-cultured with different BMSC-derived osteoblasts was measured to determine the IC50 of an AML chemotherapy drug daunorubicin (DNR). The levels of TPO/c-MPL in the initial and relapse AML patients were significantly higher than that in the control (P∈<∈0.05). The osteoblasts derived from AML patients' BMSCs secreted more TPO than the osteoblasts derived from normal control BMSCs (P∈<∈0.05). A strong positive correlation between the TPO level and c-MPL expression was found in the bone marrow mononuclear cells of the relapse AML patients. More importantly, the IC50 of DNR in the HEL + AML-derived osteoblasts was the highest among all co-culture systems. High level of TPO/c-MPL signaling may protect LSCs from chemotherapy in AML. The effects of inhibition of the TPO/c-MPL pathway on enhancing the chemotherapy sensitivity of AML cells, and on their downstream effector molecules that direct the interactions between patient-derived blasts and leukemia repopulating cells need to be further studied. © 2013 Arányi Lajos Foundation. Source

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