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Zhang D.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Ding Y.,General Hospital of Beijing Military Area Command | Wang Z.,The No. 113 Hospital of PLA | Wang Y.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Zhao G.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University
Tumor Biology | Year: 2015

A T>G single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP, rs2279744) of the MDM2 gene has been investigated in sarcoma community, but the findings are conflicting. This study was designed to well define the relationship between SNP rs2279744 and sarcoma risk. We did a systematic computerized search of the PubMed, Web of Science, and Science Direct databases to identify the human case–control studies investigating the relationship between SNP rs2279744 and sarcoma risk with complete genetic data. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) were calculated with the Mantel–Haenszel fixed-effect model or the DerSimonian and Laird random effects model to estimate the risk of sarcoma. Overall analysis included five independent studies. On the whole, the T/G genotype or the combined G/G and T/G genotypes appeared to be associated with approximately 1.40-fold higher risk of sarcoma relative to the T/T genotype (T/G vs. T/T: OR 1.33, 95 % CI 1.00–1.77; G/G + T/G vs. T/T: OR 1.42, 95 % CI 1.08–1.85). We noted that the Caucasian populations showed a similarly increased risk of sarcoma ascribed to the carriage of the same genotypes (T/G vs. T/T: OR 1.41, 95 % CI 1.05–1.90; G/G + T/G vs. T/T: OR 1.49, 95 % CI 1.13–1.97). This meta-analysis provides evidence that MDM2 SNP rs2279744 may be significantly associated with increased risk of sarcoma in Caucasian individuals. © 2014, International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM). Source

Shen T.,Chongqing Medical University | Qiu L.,General Hospital of Beijing Military Area Command | Chang H.,Chongqing Medical University | Yang Y.,Chongqing Medical University | And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology | Year: 2014

Orthodontic forces result in alveolar bone resorption and formation predominantly on the pressure and tension sides of the tooth roots, respectively. Human periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) have demonstrated the capacity to differentiate into osteoblasts, and they play important roles in maintaining homeostasis and regenerating periodontal tissues. However, little is known about how PDLSCs contribute to osteoblastogenesis during orthodontic tooth movement on the tension side. In this study, we applied a 12% cyclic tension force to PDLSCs cultured in osteoinductive medium. The osteogenic markers Runx2, ALP, and OCN were detected at the mRNA and protein levels at different time points using real-time PCR and western blot analyses. We discovered that the mRNA and protein levels of Runx2, ALP and OCN were significantly up-regulated after 6, 12 and 24 hours of mechanical loading on PDLSCs compared to levels in unstimulated PDLSCs (P < 0.05). This study demonstrates, for the first time, the effects of mechanical tensile strain on the osteogenic differentiation of PDLSCs, as examined with a Flexcell FX-4000T Tension Plus System. Our findings suggested that cyclic tension could promote the osteogenic differentiation of PDLSCs. Furthermore, the effects of orthodontic force on alveolar bone remodeling might be achieved by PDLSCs. Source

Li S.,Beijing Key Laboratory of Pediatric Hematology Oncology | Li T.,Guangxi Medical University | Chen Y.,General Hospital of Beijing Military Area Command | Nie Y.,Guangxi Medical University | And 4 more authors.
Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation | Year: 2015

In the bone marrow (BM), hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) reside in specialized niches near osteoblast cells at the endosteum. HSPCs that egress to peripheral blood are widely used for transplant, and mobilization is most commonly performed with recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). However, the cellular targets of G-CSF that initiate the mobilization cascade and bone remodeling are not completely understood. Here, we examined whether T and B lymphocytes modulate the bone niche and influence HSPC mobilization. We used T and B defective mice to show that G-CSF-induced mobilization of HSPCs correlated with B lymphocytes but poorly with T lymphocytes. In addition, we found that defective Blymphocytes prevent G-CSF-mediated osteoblast disruption, and further study showed BM osteoblasts were reduced coincident with mobilization, induced by elevated expression of dickkopf1 of BM B lymphocytes. BM T cells were also involved in G-CSF-induced osteoclast activation by regulating the Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-κ B Ligand/Osteoprotegerin (RANKL/OPG) axis. These data provide evidence that BM B and T lymphocytes play a role in G-CSF-induced HSPC mobilization by regulating bone remodeling. © 2015 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. Source

Ren S.,National Center for Clinical Laboratories and Beijing Hospital | Hu J.,National Center for Clinical Laboratories and Beijing Hospital | Chen Y.,General Hospital of Beijing Military Area Command | Yuan T.,National Center for Clinical Laboratories and Beijing Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Clinical and Experimental Immunology | Year: 2016

Inflammation instigated by interleukin (IL)-17-producing cells is central to the development and pathogenesis of several human autoimmune diseases and animal models of autoimmunity. The expansion of IL-17-producing cells from healthy donors is reportedly promoted by mesenchymal stem cells derived from fetal bone marrow. In the present study, human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) were examined for their effects on lymphocytes from healthy donors and from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Significantly higher levels of IL-17 were produced when CD4+ T cells from healthy donors were co-cultured with hUC-MSCs than those that were cultured alone. Blocking experiments identified that this effect might be mediated partially through prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and IL-1β, without IL-23 involvement. We then co-cultured hUC-MSCs with human CD4+ T cells from systemic lupus erythematosus patients. Ex-vivo inductions of IL-17 by hUC-MSCs in stimulated lymphocytes were significantly higher in SLE patients than in healthy donors. This effect was not observed for IL-23. Taken together, our results represent that hUC-MSCs can promote the IL-17 production from CD4+ T cells in both healthy donor and SLE patients. PGE2 and IL-1β might also be partially involved in the promotive effect of hUC-MSCs. © 2016 British Society for Immunology. Source

Chhen Y.Q.,General Hospital of Beijing Military Area Command
Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology | Year: 2011

To explore the features of rats organs functional changes after femur shaft fracture combined with brain injury through testing biochemical indicators in rats. Thirty 4-month-old male SD rats, weight (280 +/- 10) g, were divided into 5 groups according to random number table involving normal control group, at the 1st day of injured group, the 2nd day injured group, the 3rd day injured group, the 5th day injured group, the 7th day injured group, 5 rats in each group. The animal injury model of right femur shaft fracture combined with brain injury were made by instruments in 5 injured groups. At the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th, 7th day after made model, the biochemical indicators of blood serum from abdominal aorta including AST, ALT ,Cr, BUN, LDH and CK were detected and compared. The biochemical indicator of blood serum (AST, ALT, Cr, BUN, LDH, CK) changed significantly among different groups. AST, ALT, BUN and CK reached peaks at the 1st day after injured (P<0.05). Cr reached peaks at the 3rd day after injured (P<0.05). LDH reached peak at the 2nd day after injured (P<0.05). After brain injury combined with right femoral fractures in rats, a variety of serum biochemical indicators increase significantly, especially in early 3 days after injured. These indicators shows indirectly heart, liver and kidney organ dysfunction by trauma. Source

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