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Wang E.-T.,General Hospital of Air Force | Zhao M.,University of California at Davis
Chinese Journal of Traumatology - English Edition | Year: 2010

Endogenous electric fields (EFs) have been detected at wounds and damaged tissues. The potential roles of EFs in tissue repair and regeneration have been an intriguing topic for centuries. Recent researches have provided significant insights into how naturally occurring EFs may participate in the control of tissue repair and regeneration. Applied EFs equivalent to the size of fields measured in vivo direct cell migration, cell proliferation and nerve sprouting at wounds. More remarkably, physiological EFs are a guidance cue that directs cell migration which overrides other well accepted directional signals including initial injury stimulation, wound void, contact inhibition release, population pressure and Chemotaxis. EFs activate many intracellular signaling pathways in a directional manner. Modulation of endogenous wound EFs affects epithelial cell migration, cell proliferation, and nerve growth at cornea wounds in vivo. Electric stimulation is being tested clinically for the treatments of bone fracture, wound healing and spinal cord injury. EFs thus may represent a novel type of signaling paradigm in tissue repair and regeneration. Combination of the electric stimulation and other well understood biochemical regulatory mechanisms may offer powerful and effective therapies for tissue repair and regeneration. This review introduces experimental evidence for the existence of endogenous EFs and discusses their roles in tissue repair and regeneration.


Ladas I.D.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Kotsolis A.I.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Ladas D.S.,General Hospital of Air Force | Niskopoulou M.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | And 3 more authors.
Retina | Year: 2010

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of intravitreal ranibizumab in eyes with macular choroidal neovascularization secondary to angioid streaks. Methods: A prospective interventional case series was conducted on eyes with macular choroidal neovascularization, secondary to angioid streaks, treated by repeated injections of intravitreal ranibizumab (0.5 mg) and completing a follow-up time of 1 year. The outcome measures were best-corrected visual acuity, greatest lesion height as evaluated by optical coherence tomography, and lesion size as assessed by fluorescein angiography. Results: Over a 16-month period, we treated 15 consecutive eyes. The average number of injections was 7.1 ± 0.5. Mean best-corrected visual acuity was improved from 20/100 to 20/50 (P = 0.006). Best-corrected visual acuity either improved or stabilized in 14 eyes (93.3%). At baseline, 3 of the 15 eyes (20%) had a best-corrected visual acuity of ≥ 20/50 compared with 10 eyes (66.7%) at the end of the first year. Fourteen eyes (93.3%) presented reduction in greatest lesion height and stabilization or reduction in lesion size. The mean greatest lesion height was decreased from 377.3 ± 139.7 μm to 270.2 ± 88.6 μm (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Intravitreal ranibizumab is highly effective in improving or stabilizing vision and lesion morphology in patients with macular choroidal neovascularization secondary to angioid streaks. Copyright © by Ophthalmic Communications Society, Inc.


Zhang H.-C.,General Hospital of Air Force | Liu X.-B.,General Hospital of Air Force | Huang S.,Guangzhou Hospital of Developmental District | Bi X.-Y.,Guangzhou Hospital of Developmental District | And 8 more authors.
Stem Cells and Development | Year: 2012

Although mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been increasingly trialed to treat a variety of diseases, the underlying mechanisms remain still elusive. In this study, human umbilical cord (UC)-derived MSCs were stimulated by hypoxia, and the membrane microvesicles (MVs) in the supernatants were collected by ultracentrifugation, observed under an electron microscope, and the origin was identified with the flow cytometric technique. The results showed that upon hypoxic stimulus, MSCs released a large quantity of MVs of ∼100anm in diameter. The MVs were phenotypically similar to the parent MSCs, except that the majority of them were negative for the receptor of platelet-derived growth factor. DiI-labeling assay revealed that MSC-MVs could be internalized into human UC endothelial cells (UC-ECs) within 8ah after they were added into the culture medium. Carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester-labeling technique and MTT test showed that MSC-MVs promoted the proliferation of UC-ECs in a dose-dependent manner. Further, MVs could enhance in vitro capillary network formation of UC-ECs in a Matrigel matrix. In a rat hindlimb ischemia model, both MSCs and MSC-MVs were shown to improve significantly the blood flow recovery compared with the control medium (P<0.0001), as assessed by laser Doppler imaging analysis. These data indicate that MV releasing is one of the major mechanisms underlying the effectiveness of MSC therapy by promoting angiogenesis. © 2012, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.


Wang H.-X.,General Hospital of Air Force | Yan H.-M.,General Hospital of Air Force | Wang Z.-D.,General Hospital of Air Force | Xue M.,General Hospital of Air Force | And 2 more authors.
Leukemia and Lymphoma | Year: 2012

Haploidentical Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (Haplo-HSCT) has provided an alternative option since virtually all patients have an immediately available donor. Here, we report the results of Haplo-HSCT with granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) mobilized bone marrow grafts plus peripheral blood stem cells as the grafts without T-cell depletion. Twenty-nine patients with the mean age of 27.27 years (ranging from 15 to 51 years) were enrolled in this study, and 10 cases were in high risk status. The patients received myeloablative preconditioning with or without total body irradiation and acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis consisting of basiliximab, cyclosporine A, methotrexate, mycophenolate mofetil and a rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin. All the patients attained successful neutrophil and platelet recovery. The mean times for neutrophil and platelet recovery were 17.1 and 20.9 days, respectively. During the follow-up at a median time of 30.69 months (ranging from 3 to 76 months), nine patients developed aGVHD grade IIIV, including two developed grade IIIIV GVHD after donor lymphocyte infusion. The incidence of cGVHD was 48.3%. 13 patients died within the first two years after transplantation, and the total disease-free survival rate longer than 2 years was 55.2%. These results suggest that G-CSF-primed bone marrow plus peripheral blood stem cell grafts are an appropriate stem cell source for Haplo-HSCT and large scale investigations are needed to confirm this protocol. © 2012 Informa UK, Ltd.


Zhao Y.,CAS Institute of Process Engineering | Sun W.,General Hospital of Air Force | Wang Y.,CAS South China Botanical Garden | Saxena P.K.,University of Guelph | Liu C.-Z.,CAS Institute of Process Engineering
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology | Year: 2012

A temporary immersion bioreactor system was found to be suitable for mass shoot proliferation of Rhodiola crenulata. The shoot multiplication ratio and hyperhydration rate reached 46.8 and 35.4%, respectively, at a temporary immersion cycle of 3-min immersion every 300 min. Forced ventilation was employed in the temporary immersion bioreactor culture in order to decrease the hyperhydration rate, improve shoot quality and enhance the multiplication ratio. The highest multiplication ratio of 55.7 was obtained under a temporary immersion cycle of 3-min immersion every 180 min with the forced ventilation at an air flow rate of 40 l/h, and the hyperhydration rate was reduced to 26.1%. Forced ventilation also improved the subsequent elongation and rooting rate of these proliferated shoots, and the shoot cultures from the temporary immersion bioreactor formed complete plantlets when subcultured onto a rooting medium containing 5 μmol/l indole-3-acetic acid. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012.


Liu R.,CAS Institute of Process Engineering | Liu R.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences | Sun W.,General Hospital of Air Force | Liu C.-Z.,CAS Institute of Process Engineering | Liu C.-Z.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences
Biotechnology Progress | Year: 2011

A two-dimensional axisymmetric computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model based on a porous media model and a discrete population balance model was established to investigate the hydrodynamics and mass transfer behavior in an airlift bioreactor for hairy root culture. During the hairy root culture of Echinacea purpurea, liquid and gas velocity, gas holdup, mass transfer rate, as well as oxygen concentration distribution in the airlift bioreactor were simulated by this CFD model. Simulative results indicated that liquid flow and turbulence played a dominant role in oxygen mass transfer in the growth domain of the hairy root culture. The dissolved oxygen concentration in the hairy root clump increased from the bottom to the top of the bioreactor cultured with the hairy roots, which was verified by the experimental detection of dissolved oxygen concentration in the hairy root clump. This methodology provided insight understanding on the complex system of hairy root culture and will help to eventually guide the bioreactor design and process intensification of large-scale hairy root culture. © 2011 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Biotechnol. Prog., 2011 © 2011 American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE).


Tan Z.,General Hospital of Air Force
Lin chuang er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Journal of clinical otorhinolaryngology, head, and neck surgery | Year: 2011

To sum up the experiences of diagnosis, treatment and medical evaluation of head and neck tumors in aircrew. Sixty-seven cases of pilot patients with head and neck tumors in our hospital since September in 1979 to July in 2009 were retrospective analyzed in the study. Among 44 aircrew with benign head and neck tumors there were 37 cases continued their flying jobs and 7 cases were permanently grounded; whereas in 23 aircrew with malignant tumors there were 6 cases qualified for flight and 17 patients unqualified. Benign or malignant of the head and neck neoplasm in the pilots are not the exclusive basis for their medical assessment. Tumor nature, location, efficacy of treatment and the impact on the function of their body should be considered as making the flight medical evaluation for the aircrew with head and neck tumors. Early diagnosis and treatment of head and neck tumors in aircrew are very important for reducing the rate of grounded.


Yin Q.,General Hospital of Air Force
Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University | Year: 2013

To assess a minipig model of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) established by percutaneous balloon occlusion using delayed-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DE-MRI). A minipig model of AMI was established by placement of a 2.0 mm×15.0 mm percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty balloon in the middle left anterior descending artery (LAD) through a percutaneous femoral puncture in the right inguinal region. The left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) was occluded for 90 min, followed by assessment of the infarct size and cardiac function with DE-MRI, and the results were confirmed by pathological examination. DE-MRI showed a mean infarcts size of 10.2∓2.9 cm3 in the minipig models. Compared to the control group, the minipigs with AMI had significantly increased end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes (P<0.05) with a decreased stroke volume, ejection fraction and cardiac output (P<0.001). These DE-MRI values were matched with the microsphere values obtained from short-axis slices in pathological examination. We have established a feasible approach for evaluating minipig models of AMI as a platform for assessing the therapeutic effect of stem cell transplantation for AMI.


Zhao R.,General Hospital of Air Force | Yin D.,Chinese Institute of Aviation Medicine | Wang E.,General Hospital of Air Force | Si B.,General Hospital of Air Force
Ophthalmic Genetics | Year: 2015

Glaucoma is the second leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide, among which primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is the most common form of glaucoma in some populations. To date, published data on the association between MTHFR (Ala222Val) polymorphism and POAG risk are still inconclusive. In this work, we performed a meta-analysis of available case-control study in order to assess the association between MTHFR (Ala222Val) polymorphism and POAG susceptibility. In total we compiled 13 studies (1970 POAG patients and 1712 control subjects) into the meta-analysis. Overall, no obvious associations between MTHFR (Ala222Val) polymorphism and POAG susceptibility was found under all four genetic models (Val/Val versus Ala/Ala: OR=1.05, 95% CI=0.77-1.43; Ala/Val versus Ala/Ala: OR=1.05, 95% CI=0.86-1.26; Ala/Val + Val/Val versus Ala/Ala: OR=1.08, 95% CI=0.87-1.34; Val/Val versus Ala/Val + Ala/Ala: OR=1.14, 95% CI=0.67-1.92). In the stratified analysis by ethnicity, significant associations were still not observed in all genetic models. In conclusion, based on 13 eligible studies, the result provided strong evidences that MTHFR Ala222Val polymorphism is not associated with POAG. © 2015 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc. All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted


Luo Y.,General Hospital of Air Force
Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi | Year: 2013

To detect the expression profile of NK ligands in acute leukemia cell lines and investigate the differential expression pattern between acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Using quantitative real-time PCR, 23 NK ligands (MICA, MICB, ULBP-1, ULBP-2, ULBP-3, ULBP-4, HLA-E, HLA-G, CD48, NBTA, HLA-F, LLT-1, PVR, Nectin2, CD72, CD80, ICAM-1, LFA-3, CRACC, Fas, DR4, DR5, TNFR1) were detected in 6 acute leukemia cell lines, including 3 ALL cell lines (CEM, Jurkat T, Reh) and 3 AML cell lines (HL-60, KG-1a, NB4), respectively. Independent-samples t test analysis was performed to determine statistical significance. Using β-actin as reference gene, the relative expression results showed that the expression of 4 NK ligands between ALL and AML is significantly different. Specifically, the level of ULBP-2 is higher in ALL (CEM: 1, Jurkat T: 0.617, Reh: 0.246) than that in AML (HL-60: 0.000, KG-1a: 0.003, NB4: 0.000)(P = 0.047). However, the expressions of CD48, PVR(PVR-1, PVR-2) and DR4 is higher in AML (HL-60: 13.987, 4.403, 10.334, 8.711; KG-1a: 5.387, 2.900, 7.315, 4.512; NB4: 7.763, 3.248, 7.049, 6.127) than that in ALL (CEM: 1, 1, 1, 1; Jurkat T: 2.035, 1.553, 3.888, 0.449; Reh: 1.559, 0.000, 0.000, 1.304) (P = 0.044, 0.014, 0.014, 0.011). And there're no significant differences between the rest 19 NK ligands. ULBP-2, CD48, PVR and DR4 might play an important role in the distinct mechanisms in leukemogenesis between ALL and AML and could be potential targets for diagnosis and treatment.

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