Nova Gradiška, Croatia
Nova Gradiška, Croatia

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Loncar V.L.,Sestre milosrdnice University Hospital Center | Tadic R.,Sestre milosrdnice University Hospital Center | Dujmovic L.,Sestre milosrdnice University Hospital Center | Knezevic L.,Dr Tomislav Bardek General Hospital | And 8 more authors.
Acta Clinica Croatica | Year: 2016

The aim of the study was to analyze the resident learning process of phacoemulsification cataract surgery and to assess the resident phacoemulsification learning curve. Th is prospective study comprised 86 consecutive cases of phacoemulsification performed using standard technique by eight residents over a one-year period at Clinical Department of Ophthalmology, Sestre milosrdnice University Hospital Center in Zagreb. Operative data on each case included resident and attending surgeon, date of operation, step-by-step success questionnaire, and intraoperative complications. Postoperative data included visual acuity at one-month postoperative visit and postoperative complications. Eighty-six operations were performed under the supervision of attending surgeon. The mean best-corrected visual acuity improved from 0.47±0.25 to 0.8±0.25 postoperatively. Intraoperative complications occurred in 13 (15.12%) cases and continued to decrease throughout residency training. The mean number of individually performed steps per operation increased throughout residency (from 7.6 to 9.0). There was one early postoperative complication, endophthalmitis, which was successfully treated, and no other postoperative complications occurred. Resident surgical competency can be improved by maximizing the number of cataract procedures since the complication rates and the number of individually performed steps improved continuously with increasing surgical experience.


Turkovic T.M.,University of Zagreb | Grginic A.G.,University of Zagreb | Cuculic B.D.,University of Zagreb | Gaspar B.,Nova Gradiska General Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Acta Clinica Croatica | Year: 2015

Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is very common in many intensive care Units, but there are still many uncertainties about VAP, especially about the choice of initial empiric antibiotics. The incidence of specific pathogens with different susceptibility patterns causing VAP varies from hospital to hospital. This is the reason why empiric initial antibiotic treatment for VAP should be based not only on general guidelines (that recommend therapy according to the presence of risk factors for multidrug-resistant bacteria), but also on up-to-date information on local epidemiology. The aim of this study was to determine the microbial profile of pathogens causing VAP and their antibiotic susceptibility patterns. The study was conducted in the 15-bed surgical and neurosurgical Intensive Care Unit, Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Sestre milosrdnice University Hospital Center, Zagreb, Croatia. Retrospective data were collected from September 2009 to March 2013. All patients that developed VAP during the study period were eligible for the study. According to study results, the incidence of VAP was 29.4%. The most commonly isolated bacterium was Staphylococcus aureus (21.1%), followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (19.0%) and Acinetobacter species (13.6%). All Staphylococcus aureus isolates were susceptible to vancomycin and linezolid. Pseudomonas aeruginosa showed 100% susceptibility to cefepime and very high susceptibility to piperacillin-tazobactam (96%), ceftazidime (93%) and ciprofloxacin (89%). Ampicillin-sulbactam was highly effective for Acinetobacter species, showing resistance in only 8% of isolates. In conclusion, according to study data, appropriate empiric antibiotic therapy for patients with VAP without risk factors for multidrug-resistant bacteria is ceftriaxone and for patients with risk factors for multidrug-resistant bacteria ampicillin-sulbactam plus cefepime plus vancomycin or linezolid.


Lenicek T.,University of Zagreb | Kasumovic D.,University of Zagreb | Stajduhar E.,University of Zagreb | Dzombeta T.,University of Zagreb | And 2 more authors.
Acta Clinica Croatica | Year: 2013

Fibroadenoma is the most prevalent benign breast tumor. It consists of epithelial and stromal components. In general, breast tumors are highly hormonally dependent and growth hormone by its physiology may have a possible oncogenic potential. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the expression of growth hormone and growth hormone receptor in epithelial and stromal components of fibroadenomas. Study group included 30 randomly chosen fibroadenomas from female patients aged between 18 and 69 years. The expression of growth hormone and growth hormone receptor was defined in both histologic components of fibroadenomas. Growth hormone was expressed in 96.7% of both epithelial and stromal components of fibroadenomas, with stronger expression in the stromal component. The same percentage of positive reaction (96.7%) was obtained in the epithelial component of fibroadenomas for growth hormone receptor expression. Only 6.7% of stromal components tested for growth hormone receptor were positive. The high expression of growth hormone and growth hormone receptor in fibroadenoma tissue indicates their possible role in the pathogenesis of this tumor. Follow up of patients with high expression of growth hormone and growth hormone receptor may be suggested.


Jukic Z.,Nova Gradiska General Hospital | Ledinsky I.,University of Zagreb | Ulamec M.,University of Zagreb | Ledinsky M.,University of Zagreb | And 2 more authors.
Diagnostic Pathology | Year: 2011

Background: Acantholytic squamous cell carcinoma (ASCC) is an uncommon histopathologic variant of SCC, characterized by marked acantholysis, wherein the tumor cells demonstrate defective cohesion to one another in the cancer nest leading to a pseudoglandular or pseudovascular appearance. The most common site of ASCC is the sun-exposed areas of the skin. Sporadic cases of ASCC have also been reported in various mucosal membranes and organs but to our knowledge this is the first case of primary ASCC of the large bowel.Case presentation: A 59-year-old woman underwent right hemicolectomy due to large tumor in cecum and initial part of the ascending colon. Microscopically, the tumor consisted of nests of focally keratinizing large, atypical, squamous epithelial cells. Approximately 70% of the tumor showed acantholytic changes and acantholysis was equally distributed through the entire tumor. Immunohistochemically tumor cells were diffusely positive for cytokeratin (CK) AE1/AE3 and focally positive for epithelial membrane antigen and syndecan 1. All other tested antibodies (CK7, CK 20, CK MNF116, E-cadherin, beta-catenin, p63, p16, CD31, CD34, CEA, estrogen, progesterone) showed negative reaction. Periodic acid Schiff and alcian blue staining showed no intracellular or extracellular mucinous material in the tumor. The diagnosis of acantholytic squamous cell carcinoma of the cecum was suspected and additional examination was recommended to exclude possibility of metastatic carcinoma. Extensive clinical examination which also included whole-body PET/CT scan showed no additional tumors. After the exclusion of possible metastatic disease the diagnosis of primary acantholytic squamous cell carcinoma of the cecum was confirmed. Six months after surgery the metastasis in small intestine and recurrence in the abdominal cavity at the site of surgery appeared and had the same morphological characteristic as the primary tumor in the cecum.Conclusion: We report a unique case of ASCC arising in cecum and on this way expands the range of tumors originating in colon. Reports of more cases of colonic ASCC would possibly help to elucidate origin, clinical behavior and therapy of these tumors. © 2011 Jukić et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


PubMed | Nova Gradiska General Hospital
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Acta clinica Croatica | Year: 2012

Primary mesenteric liposarcomas are very rare, especially when they are of mixed histologic pattern. Patient prognosis is based upon the most aggressive histologic type of liposarcoma. A case is reported of a 77-year-old man with a history of slowly increasing abdominal volume over 3 years. The diagnosis of giant intra-abdominal mass suspect of liposarcoma was confirmed by computed tomography and ultrasound scans. The patient underwent resection of 24 tumor masses weighing together 23.5 kg. The microscopic diagnosis was mixed-type liposarcoma of the mesentery. Although this type of tumor is rare, tumor tissue should be thoroughly collected and analyzed on histologic examination to reach definitive diagnosis. Recognition of the underappreciated subtype of liposarcoma is important for proper prognosis and treatment of the patient. According to our knowledge, this is the largest size of mixed-type mesenteric liposarcoma described in the English literature.


PubMed | Nova Gradiska General Hospital
Type: | Journal: Diagnostic pathology | Year: 2011

Acantholytic squamous cell carcinoma (ASCC) is an uncommon histopathologic variant of SCC, characterized by marked acantholysis, wherein the tumor cells demonstrate defective cohesion to one another in the cancer nest leading to a pseudoglandular or pseudovascular appearance. The most common site of ASCC is the sun-exposed areas of the skin. Sporadic cases of ASCC have also been reported in various mucosal membranes and organs but to our knowledge this is the first case of primary ASCC of the large bowel.A 59-year-old woman underwent right hemicolectomy due to large tumor in cecum and initial part of the ascending colon. Microscopically, the tumor consisted of nests of focally keratinizing large, atypical, squamous epithelial cells. Approximately 70% of the tumor showed acantholytic changes and acantholysis was equally distributed through the entire tumor. Immunohistochemically tumor cells were diffusely positive for cytokeratin (CK) AE1/AE3 and focally positive for epithelial membrane antigen and syndecan 1. All other tested antibodies (CK7, CK 20, CK MNF116, E-cadherin, beta-catenin, p63, p16, CD31, CD34, CEA, estrogen, progesterone) showed negative reaction. Periodic acid Schiff and alcian blue staining showed no intracellular or extracellular mucinous material in the tumor. The diagnosis of acantholytic squamous cell carcinoma of the cecum was suspected and additional examination was recommended to exclude possibility of metastatic carcinoma. Extensive clinical examination which also included whole-body PET/CT scan showed no additional tumors. After the exclusion of possible metastatic disease the diagnosis of primary acantholytic squamous cell carcinoma of the cecum was confirmed. Six months after surgery the metastasis in small intestine and recurrence in the abdominal cavity at the site of surgery appeared and had the same morphological characteristic as the primary tumor in the cecum.We report a unique case of ASCC arising in cecum and on this way expands the range of tumors originating in colon. Reports of more cases of colonic ASCC would possibly help to elucidate origin, clinical behavior and therapy of these tumors.

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