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Li G.,South China University of Technology | Zhao L.,South China University of Technology | Pan F.,General Hospital Cancer Center | Qiang J.,Soochow University of China | Han S.,Jinling Hospital
Tumor Biology | Year: 2014

Targeted therapy based on ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitors (ALK-TKIs) has made significant achievements in individuals with EML4-ALK (echinoderm microtubuleassociated protein-like 4 gene and the anaplastic lymphoma kinase gene) fusion positive nonsmall-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, a high fraction of patients receive inferior clinical response to such treatment in the initial therapy, and the exact mechanisms underlying this process need to be further investigated. In this study, we revealed a persistently activated PI3K/AKT signaling that mediates the drug ineffectiveness. We found that genetic or pharmacological inhibition of ALK markedly abrogated phosphorylated STAT3 and ERK, but it failed to suppress AKT activity or induce apoptosis, in EML4-ALK-positive H2228 cells. Furthermore, targeted RNA interference of PI3K pathway components restored sensitivity to TAE684 treatment at least partially due to increased apoptosis. Combined TAE684 with PI3K inhibitor synergistically inhibited the proliferation of EML4-ALKpositive cells in vitro and significantly suppressed the growth of H2228 xenografts in vivo, suggesting the potential clinical application of such combinatorial therapy regimens in patients with EML4-ALK positive lung cancer. © International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) 2014. Source

Li W.,International Medical University | Li W.,National Engineering Research Center for Antibody Medicine | Feng S.,National University of Singapore | Guo Y.,International Medical University | And 2 more authors.
Nanomedicine | Year: 2012

Block copolymer micelles have shown great potential in drug delivery systems, not only for overcoming the drawbacks of small agents such as water insolubility and wide distribution in normal tissues, but also for avoiding traditional nanoparticle formulation shortcomings, including in vivo instability and fast clearance from the blood. However, for translating micellar formulations to clinical practice, it is essential to overcome the many in vivo obstacles. Surmounting these barriers strongly depends on micellar physicochemical properties, which can be further optimized by the unique physiological aspects of solid tumors such as low pH, high temperature and the presence of abnormal vessels. Herein, based on the Flory parameter and scaling theory, the fundamental mechanisms and correlations in vitro/in vivo between self assembly, drug loading and release, stability, intracellular delivery and in vivo distribution, as well as micellar composition, size and microstructural tailoring are systematically revisited. The methods for enhancing micellar performance in solid tumors were consequently proposed through well-defined core-corona structure tailoring. © 2012 Future Medicine Ltd. Source

Li W.,International Medical University | Li W.,State Key Laboratory of Antibody Medicine and Targeting Therapy | Wei H.,International Medical University | Li H.,International Medical University | And 5 more authors.
Nanomedicine | Year: 2014

Immunotherapy is a promising option for cancer treatment that might cure cancer with fewer side effects by primarily activating the host's immune system. However, the effect of traditional immunotherapy is modest, frequently due to tumor escape and resistance of multiple mechanisms. Pharmaceutical nanotechnology, which is also called cancer nanotechnology or nanomedicine, has provided a practical solution to solve the limitations of traditional immunotherapy. This article reviews the latest developments in immunotherapy and nanomedicine, and illustrates how nanocarriers (including micelles, liposomes, polymer-drug conjugates, solid lipid nanoparticles and biodegradable nanoparticles) could be used for the cellular transfer of immune effectors for active and passive nanoimmunotherapy. The fine engineering of nanocarriers based on the unique features of the tumor microenvironment and extra-/intra-cellular conditions of tumor cells can greatly tip the triangle immunobalance among host, tumor and nanoparticulates in favor of antitumor responses, which shows a promising prospect for nanoimmunotherapy. © 2014 Future Medicine Ltd. Source

Tan W.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Meng Y.,International Medical University | Li H.,General Hospital Cancer Center | Chen Y.,General Hospital Cancer Center | And 8 more authors.
mAbs | Year: 2013

Treatment of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection with interferon and viral reverse transcriptase inhibitor regimens results in poor viral clearance, loss of response, and emergence of drug-resistant mutant virus strains. These problems continue to drive the development of new therapeutic approaches to combat HBV. Here, we engineered a bispecific antibody using two monoclonal antibodies cloned from hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-specific memory B cells from recombinant HBsAg-vaccinated healthy volunteers. Next, we evaluated its efficacy in neutralizing HBV in HepaRG cells. This bispecific antibody, denoted as C4D2-BsAb, had superior HBV-neutralizing activity compared with the combination of both parental monoclonal antibodies, possibly through steric hindrance or induction of HBsAg conformational changes. Moreover, C4D2-BsAb has superior endocytotic characteristics into hepatocytes, which inhibits the secretion of HBsAg. These results suggest that the anti-HBsAg bispecific antibody may be an effective treatment method against HBV infection. © 2013 Landes Bioscience. Source

Li L.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | Ying J.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | Tong X.,General Hospital Cancer Center | Tong X.,Shanghai University | And 13 more authors.
Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences | Year: 2014

Through subtraction of tumor-specific CpG methylation, we identified receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 2 (ROR2) as a candidate tumor suppressor gene (TSG). ROR2 is a specific receptor or co-receptor for WNT5A, involved in canonical and non-canonical WNT signaling, with its role in tumorigenesis controversial. We characterized its functions and related cell signaling in common carcinomas. ROR2 was frequently silenced by promoter CpG methylation in multiple carcinomas including nasopharyngeal, esophageal, gastric, colorectal, hepatocellular, lung, and breast cancers, while no direct correlation of ROR2 and WNT5A expression was observed. Ectopic expression of ROR2 resulted in tumor suppression independent of WNT5A status, through inhibiting tumor cell growth and inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. ROR2 further suppressed epithelial-mesenchymal transition and tumor cell stemness through repressing β-catenin and AKT signaling, leading to further inhibition of tumor cell migration/invasion and increased chemo-sensitivity. Thus ROR2, as an epigenetically inactivated TSG, antagonizes both β-catenin and AKT signaling in multiple tumorigenesis. Its epigenetic silencing could be a potential tumor biomarker and therapeutic target for carcinomas. © 2013 Springer Basel. Source

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