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Frewer L.J.,Northumbria University | Fischer A.R.H.,Wageningen University | Brennan M.,Northumbria University | Banati D.,International Life science Institute | And 6 more authors.
Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition | Year: 2016

A systematic review relevant to the following research questions was conducted (1) the extent to which different theoretical frameworks have been applied to food risk/benefit communication and (2) the impact such food risk/benefit communication interventions have had on related risk/benefit attitudes and behaviors. Fifty four papers were identified. The analysis revealed that (primarily European or US) research interest has been relatively recent. Certain food issues were of greater interest to researchers than others, perhaps reflecting the occurrence of a crisis, or policy concern. Three broad themes relevant to the development of best practice in risk (benefit) communication were identified: the characteristics of the target population; the contents of the information; and the characteristics of the information sources. Within these themes, independent and dependent variables differed considerably. Overall, acute risk (benefit) communication will require advances in communication process whereas chronic communication needs to identify audience requirements. Both citizen's risk/benefit perceptions and (if relevant) related behaviors need to be taken into account, and recommendations for behavioral change need to be concrete and actionable. The application of theoretical frameworks to the study of risk (benefit) communication was infrequent, and developing predictive models of effective risk (benefit) communication may be contingent on improved theoretical perspectives. © 2016, Published with license by Taylor & Francis.


Bowling A.,University of Southampton | Rowe G.,Gene Rowe Evaluations | Adams S.,University College London | Sands P.,University of Southampton | And 4 more authors.
Aging and Mental Health | Year: 2015

Objectives: Ascertaining the quality of life (QoL) in people with dementia is important for evaluating service outcomes and cost-effectiveness. This paper identifies QoL measures for people with dementia and assesses their properties.Method: A systematic narrative review identified articles using dementia QoL measures. Electronic databases searched were AMED, CINAHL, EMBASE, Index to Theses, IBSS, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Sociological Abstracts, and Web of Science. All available years and languages (if with an English language abstract) were included.Results: Searches yielded 6806 citations; 3043 were multiple duplicates (759 being true duplicates). Abstracts were read; 182 full papers were selected/obtained, of which 126 were included as relevant. Few measures were based on rigorous conceptual frameworks. Some referenced Lawton's model (Dementia Quality of Life [DQOL] and Quality of Life in Alzheimer's Disease [QOL-AD]), though these tapped part of this only; others claimed relationship to a health-related QoL concept (e.g. DEMQOL), though had less social relevance; others were based on limited domains (e.g. activity, affect) or clinical opinions (Quality of Life in Late-Stage Dementia [QUALID]). Many measures were based on proxy assessments or observations of people with dementia's QoL, rather than their own ratings. The Bath Assessment of Subjective Quality of Life in Dementia (BASQID) was developed involving people with dementia and caregivers, but excluded some of their main themes. All measures were tested on selective samples only (ranging from community to hospital clinics, or subsamples/waves of existing population surveys), in a few sites. Their general applicability remains unknown, and predictive validity remains largely untested.Conclusion: The lack of consensus on measuring QoL in dementia suggests a need for a broader, more rigorously tested QoL measure. © 2014 Taylor & Francis.


Kenten C.,Kings College London | Boulay A.,University of Exeter | Rowe G.,Gene Rowe Evaluations
Appetite | Year: 2013

This study investigated UK consumers' perceptions, knowledge and understanding of the salt they consume in their diet and the significance of this for their health. Ten focus groups were conducted in two UK cities (Norwich and London) with a total of 72 participants. Most participants were unaware of the advised salt guidelines (6. g per day), or what this equated to within their diet, mainly because they were unclear about how much salt they consumed, given that much is 'hidden' in pre-prepared foods. However, participants were aware of the link between high salt intake and certain negative health associations, though they were unsure about the precise connection. As such, consumption practices were largely driven by habit and lifestyle choices, rather than health considerations. The paper concludes by suggesting that further salt awareness campaigns are needed and that these should be made more relevant to consumers by addressing specific knowledge deficits (such as the presence of 'hidden' salt), although given the intractable nature of human behaviour, more direct efforts to lower salt content (e.g. through manufacturing changes) might be required. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.


Gemen R.,European Food Information Council EUFIC | Breda J.,World Health Organization | Coutinho D.,Sociedade Portuguesa de Inovacao SPI | Fernandez Celemin L.,European Food Information Council EUFIC | And 7 more authors.
Nutrition Bulletin | Year: 2015

Europe recognises the need for technological innovation along with the importance of bridging the gap between science and society. The European Commission has developed a strategy to foster public engagement and a sustained two-way dialogue between science and civil society, and has set up a framework for Responsible Research and Innovation. The EU-funded project INPROFOOD aimed to find new ways to establish dialogue and mutual learning among stakeholders meant to inform subsequent work and future initiatives towards Responsible Research and Innovation. More specifically, INPROFOOD aimed to: (1) increase understanding of the landscapes of food and health innovation research programming; (2) adapt, test and evaluate the application of different stakeholder engagement methods to the area of food and health innovation research programming, which included European Awareness Scenario Workshops, PlayDecide games and an Open Space conference; and (3) to develop an action plan to progress towards Responsible Research and Innovation in this domain. The latter entailed a so-called Mobilisation and Mutual Learning Action Plan, which lays down a concrete framework for inclusive stakeholder involvement at different stages of the research and innovation process, with tangible key actions in five priority areas. © 2015 British Nutrition Foundation.


Van Dijk H.,Wageningen University | Fischer A.R.H.,Wageningen University | De Jonge J.,Wageningen University | Rowe G.,Gene Rowe Evaluations | Frewer L.J.,Northumbria University
Journal of Applied Social Psychology | Year: 2012

In a realistic social context, people are confronted with both positive and negative information, yet research on this topic is relatively scarce. We present 2 studies examining the role of initial attitudes on the impact of one-sided vs. balanced positive and negative information on attitudes toward food production methods. The first experiment demonstrated that one-sided information influenced post-information attitudes congruent to the direction of the message content. The second experiment showed that the effect of balanced information on post-information attitudes may depend on initial attitudes. These results demonstrate that negativity effects are dominant for people with initial positive attitudes, but change into positivity effects for people with initial negative attitudes. Implications for communicating both positive and negative information are discussed. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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