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Groenner-Penna M.,Gene Genealogica Central de GenoTipagem de Animais | Groenner-Penna M.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | Croce E.F.D.,Gene Genealogica Central de GenoTipagem de Animais | Pimenta C.G.,Gene Genealogica Central de GenoTipagem de Animais | And 3 more authors.
Genetics and Molecular Research | Year: 2014

Brazil is a major producer and exporter of beef, with a herd of approximately 210 million animals. For the meat industry, a reliable animal traceback from its origin to the consumer market is paramount. Of all available identification systems, DNA is the only one that survives the slaughterhouse and reaches the dish of the consumer. DNA polymorphisms are already used for cattle traceback, but primarily for the subspecies Bos taurus taurus. However, in Brazil, another subspecies, B. taurus indicus predominates. We describe here the development of a DNA traceback method designed primarily for B. taurus indicus (Zebu), without leaving B. taurus taurus aside. We used insertion/deletion (indel) polymorphisms, which have the advantage of being simple and easily automatable, since in most cases, the variable base pairs, in DNA pools of 60 Zebu and 60 taurine animals. A set of 22 indels with heterozygosity greater than 0.3 were selected and used to construct two multiplex PCRs. On the basis of the allelic frequency of these indels, the probability of random match was calculated to be 1.12 x 10-8 for B. taurus indicus and 1.60 x 10-6 for B. taurus taurus. Moreover, we estimated that an analysis would cost less than US$15.00 per animal. Thus, this system (MULTINDELS-BOV) is perfectly suited for building large genetic databases and offering viable prospects of a national system for cattle traceback DNA in Brazil. © FUNPEC-RP. Source

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