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Bad Abbach, Germany

Gluer C.-C.,Universitatsklinikum Schleswig Holstein | Marin F.,Lilly Research Center | Ringe J.D.,Klinikum Leverkusen | Hawkins F.,Hospital 12 de Octubre | And 17 more authors.
Journal of Bone and Mineral Research | Year: 2013

Data on treatment of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIO) in men are scarce. We performed a randomized, open-label trial in men who have taken glucocorticoids (GC) for ≥3 months, and had an areal bone mineral density (aBMD) T-score ≤ -1.5 standard deviations. Subjects received 20 μg/d teriparatide (n = 45) or 35 mg/week risedronate (n = 47) for 18 months. Primary objective was to compare lumbar spine (L1-L3) BMD measured by quantitative computed tomography (QCT). Secondary outcomes included BMD and microstructure measured by high-resolution QCT (HRQCT) at the 12th thoracic vertebra, biomechanical effects for axial compression, anterior bending, and axial torsion evaluated by finite element (FE) analysis from HRQCT data, aBMD by dual X-ray absorptiometry, biochemical markers, and safety. Computed tomography scans were performed at 0, 6, and 18 months. A mixed model repeated measures analysis was performed to compare changes from baseline between groups. Mean age was 56.3 years. Median GC dose and duration were 8.8 mg/d and 6.4 years, respectively; 39.1% of subjects had a prevalent fracture, and 32.6% received prior bisphosphonate treatment. At 18 months, trabecular BMD had significantly increased for both treatments, with significantly greater increases with teriparatide (16.3% versus 3.8%; p = 0.004). HRQCT trabecular and cortical variables significantly increased for both treatments with significantly larger improvements for teriparatide for integral and trabecular BMD and bone surface to volume ratio (BS/BV) as a microstructural measure. Vertebral strength increases at 18 months were significant in both groups (teriparatide: 26.0% to 34.0%; risedronate: 4.2% to 6.7%), with significantly higher increases in the teriparatide group for all loading modes (0.005 < p < 0.015). Adverse events were similar between groups. None of the patients on teriparatide but five (10.6%) on risedronate developed new clinical fractures (p = 0.056). In conclusion, in this 18-month trial in men with GIO, teriparatide showed larger improvements in spinal BMD, microstructure, and FE-derived strength than risedronate. Copyright © 2013 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research. Source

Reese J.,Psychosomatische Fachklinik Fontane Klinik Motzen | Kraschewski A.,Charite - Medical University of Berlin | Anghelescu I.,Charite - Medical University of Berlin | Winterer G.,Heinrich Heine University Dusseldorf | And 5 more authors.
Psychiatric Genetics | Year: 2010

Introduction: A different genetic background is postulated for alcoholics with early onset and with antisocial personality disorder (type 2 alcoholics) compared with those with late onset and without antisocial personality disorder (type 1 alcoholics). The dopamine transporter (DAT) and the serotonin transporter (SERT) are involved in endophenotypes that are associated with these subtypes. Our study was aimed at investigating whether distinct haplotypes, defined by polymorphisms associated with the expressions of DAT and SERT, were associated with subgroups of alcohol dependence. Methods: Intron 8 variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR), exon 15 rs27072 and VNTR (DAT), promoter VNTR and rs25531, and intron 2 VNTR (SERT) were genotyped in a case-control sample comprising 360 alcoholics and 368 controls, and in a family-based sample of 65 trios, all of German origin. Results: DAT: The haplogenotypes 6-A-10/6-G-10 and 5-G-9/5-G-9 were more often present in type 2 alcoholics as compared with type 1 alcoholics [odds ratio (OR): 2.8], and controls (OR: 5.8), respectively. The daily ethanol consumption was associated with haplogenotypes. SERT: haplotypes SA-10 (OR: 2.3) and LG-12 (OR: 2.5) were more often present in type 2 alcoholics compared with controls. Haplotype LA-10 was less often present in type 2 alcoholics (OR: 0.5), and was more often transmitted, in families, to the affected offspring (transmission disequilibrium test: OR: 5.2; family-based association test: Z: 1.9). The haplotype LA-12 was significantly undertransmitted to affected offspring in the whole group (transmission disequilibrium test: OR: 0.216; family-based association test: Z: -2.2). A gene by environment interaction was observed with respect to the time course of the depression score after alcohol withdrawal and with respect to the positive family history of alcohol dependence. Conclusion: Haplotype analysis, sub-grouping with respect to more homogeneous endophenotypes, and inclusion of quantifiable characteristics are sensible strategies to untangle the genetic background of such a complex disorder like alcohol dependence. © 2010 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Arsalan-Werner A.,Hand Trauma Center | Mentzel T.,Gemeinschaftspraxis | Kempf B.,Institute For Pathologie Und Zytodiagnostik Main Taunus | Sauerbier M.,Hand Trauma Center
Handchirurgie Mikrochirurgie Plastische Chirurgie | Year: 2013

Hidradenocarcinomas are rare, yet highly malignant tumors of eccrine sweat gland origin. Due to its locally aggressive growth and likelihood for metastasis it should be considered as a differential diagnosis especially in case of suspicious intraoperative findings. We report the case of a 73-year-old female patient presenting with a hidradenocarcinoma of the wrist. Treatment of hidradenocarcinomas is similar to the treatment of sarcomas: The first step is an incisional biopsy and obtaining an expert second opinion on the histopathological diagnosis as well as staging. The second step is a clear margin resection of the tumor and the plastic-surgical reconstruction. A long-term follow-up is mandatory to detect potential recurrence or metastasis. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart. Source

Kardos P.,Gemeinschaftspraxis
Pneumologie | Year: 2014

After 8 years the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) presented a fully revised report. In May 2014 the new GINA was published online [www.ginasthma.org]. On a live GINA Session at the European Respiratory Society (ERS) conference 2014 in Munich members of the board of directors and of the science committee presented the new contents, e.g. the GINA statement from page one, that GINA is Not a guideline, but a practical approach to managing asthma in clinical practice - was explicitly emphasized on the ERS. This may reflect a changing claim towards a more pragmatic attempt (but probably also the fear of liability). © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart. Source

Muller U.,Justus Liebig University | Winter P.,Justus Liebig University | Bolender C.,Gemeinschaftspraxis | Nolte D.,Justus Liebig University
Journal of Alzheimer's Disease | Year: 2014

Mutations in the gene PSEN2 are a rare cause of early onset Alzheimer's disease (EOAD). PSEN2 sequence variants are often only found in one patient and pathogenicity cannot be formally documented. Here we describe a previously unrecognized sequence change (c.376G>A) in PSEN2 in an EOAD patient and her likewise affected mother. This change results in the exchange of amino acid glutamic acid (E) by lysine (K) at position 126 of the protein (p.E126K). Pathogenicity of the mutation is shown by segregation with disease, evolutionary conservation of E126, and in silico analysis of the mutation. © 2014 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved. Source

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