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Zhong M.,Beihang University | Ding S.X.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Ding E.L.,Gelsenkirchen University of Applied Sciences
Automatica | Year: 2010

This paper deals with the problem of observer-based fault detection for linear discrete time-varying (LDTV) systems. A problem formulation is first proposed to address the optimization of the fault detection filter (FDF) design, which is expressed in terms of maximizing a finite horizon H ∞/H∞ or H-/H∞ performance index. This formulation can be applied to FDF design of LDTV systems subject to l2-norm bounded unknown inputs or stochastic noise sequences. It is shown that a unified optimal solution to the FDF can be obtained by solving the discrete time Riccati equation and the optimal FDF is not unique. A numerical example is given to illustrate the proposed method. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Marginean G.,Gelsenkirchen University of Applied Sciences | Utu D.,Polytechnic University of Timisoara
Applied Surface Science | Year: 2012

High velocity oxygen fuel (HVOF) spraying method was used in order to obtain very dense and good adhesive CoNiCrAlY-coatings deposited onto nickel-based alloy. The coatings were differently treated (preoxidized, vacuum treated or electron beam irradiated) before their exposure to cyclic oxidation tests in air at 1000 °C for periods up to 5 h. Changes of the coatings morphology and structure were analysed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction technique (XRD). The surface temperature of the samples was measured during cooling, between the oxidation cycles, and finally was associated with the thickness of the grown protective oxide scale on the CoNiCrAlY-surface. The experimental results demonstrated that depending on the thickness respectively on the different structures of the grown oxide scale, the cooling rate of the sample surface will be different as well. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SSH.2012.3.1-1 | Award Amount: 7.43M | Year: 2013

The starting point for MOPACT is the ambitious goals set by Horizon 2020 and the European Innovation Partnership Pilot Project on Active and Healthy Ageing (EIPAHA). Our response is ambitious too: we aim to provide the research and practical evidence upon which Europe can make longevity an asset for social and economic development. MOPACT will create a high quality, multi-disciplinary critical mass of leading researchers and, in the closest possible partnership with stakeholders and through a carefully planned iterative process, build a compendium of essential state-of-the-art and foresight intelligence upon which to develop the policy, practice, service and product developments and innovations required to meet the goals of Horizon 2020 and, in particular, the EIPAHA. Active and healthy ageing is the primary focus of MOPACT and it will build on the momentum created by EY2012.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH.2013.1.1-1 | Award Amount: 3.03M | Year: 2014

SIMPACT advances understanding of social innovations economic dimensions, creating new concepts, models and instruments for policy makers, innovators, investors and intermediaries. It systematically investigates how social innovations can enable the most vulnerable in society to become economic assets, integrating critical analysis of current and previous work with future-oriented methodologies, new actionable knowledge and continual stakeholder participation. SIMPACTs multidisciplinary mixed-method approach advances knowledge and the state of the art by (i) elaborating a theoretical model of the economic dimensions of social innovation throughout its lifecycle; (ii) generating new empirical knowledge on the economic dimensions through rich, theoretically informed analysis of successful and less successful cases; (iii) analysing drivers and barriers shaping the economic impact of social innovations, and levers for their scaling and diffusion; (iv) developing indicators to measure social innovations and tailored methods to evaluate social and economic impact; (v) enhancing modes of public policy production, instruments and guidelines; (vi) generating foresight knowledge through agent-based modelling and scenario building. SIMPACT integrates theoretical, empirical and actionable knowledge to create evidence-based approaches to business development, public policy and research. A participatory research approach actively engages policy makers, innovators, investors and intermediaries of vulnerable groups. Action learning, indicator labs and stakeholder experiments facilitate processes of co-creation, stimulating shared learning, strengthening practitioner knowledge and enhancing conceptualisation of the economic base. Partners understanding of welfare regime diversity, including New Member State specificities, will ensure tailored, actionable deliverables. Eight high profile associate partners will help ensure the success of SIMPACTs dissemination activities.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: REGIONS-2011-1 | Award Amount: 2.71M | Year: 2011

The overall goal of the proposed project is to promote more sustainable transport through the development of electromobility solutions for cities and regions (ELMOS). The projects aims at delivering concepts for a better exchange of electromobility knowledge at regional and EU level, concepts for new business models and for cross-border field tests which should lead to an improved standardisation in electromobility technology and to new insights in applied science. The project therefore, contributes to enhance the regional capacities for a fostering of the sustainable transport-related economy. Electric vehicles are regarded as one of the cleanest solutions for urban mobility. Due to daily congested roads in and around agglomerations with highly polluting stop-and-go traffic, electromobility with zero-emissions in cities will bring large and quick gains in greenhouse gas reduction and alleviation of air and noise pollution. Moreover, innovative green vehicle concepts will lead to new and sustainable mobility forms in urban mobility. Some already see a new electric mobility age to come up. However, a fast uptake of electromobility depends on appropriate regional infrastructures, a shift in user patterns, and intelligent vehicle-use concepts embedded in the urban transport environment. The market potential is considered to be enormous. The working scheme is designed to achieve these objectives: High-level expert round tables and international networks will gather additional expertise. Two EU-mentoring regions are involved from the start. From the sectors ICT, automotive and renewable energy, four ma-ture and two less RDCs in geographically linked regions participate. Their intended set-up of joint concepts for electromobility cross-border testing has never been done so far. As con-crete outcomes, concepts for smart specialisation, a joint agenda for future RTDI and train-ing tools will be developed and exciting dissemination actions undertaken. Given the complexity of the electromobile technology deployment EU-wide triple helix ap-proach is a prerequisite and the support by a Regions of Knowledge project is thus, re-garded as a great chance.

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