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Morrisville, PA, United States

Novel silicon compounds containing a siloxane or silane moiety and at least one moiety derived from a furfuryl alcohol, and methods for their synthesis, are provided. The novel compounds may be used as surface modifying agents, surfactants, defoamers, and as monomers for silicone polymerization.


A series of silicon compounds are provided, which are excellent precursors to small carbosilanes, such as 1,3,5-trisilapentane, 2,4,6-trisilaheptane, tris(silylmethyl)silane and tetrakis(silylmethyl)silane. A method of preparing a carbosilane involves forming a Grignard, lithium, or metallic reagent from a halomethyltrialkoxysilane, reacting the Grignard, lithium, or metallic reagent with a dihalodihydridosilane, a trihalohydridosilane, a tetrahalosilane, a dialkoxydihydridosilane, a trialkoxyhydridosilane, or a tetraalkoxysilane to yield a carbosilane precursor, and reducing the precursor to form the carbosilane.


Novel silicone compounds containing a siloxane moiety and at least one terpenyl moiety, such as limonenyl or valencenyl, and methods for their synthesis, are provided. The novel compounds are appropriate for incorporation into cosmetic formulations due to their low aroma, resistance to deterioration, and favorable solubility properties.


Patent
Gelest Inc. | Date: 2014-03-07

Pendant dipodal silanes having formula (I) and methods for their synthesis are provided. In formula (I), R is an organic radical other than methyl and X may be a halogen, an alkoxy group, an acetoxy group, or a dialkylamino group. Films, adhesives, and composites formed from the inventive dipodal silanes generally demonstrate significantly greater hydrolytic resistance and film-forming ability than conventional silanes.


A convenient, practical method for forming elastomers from dual functional siloxanes that cure by a step-growth mechanism is provided. The method involves preparing a first mixture containing a first telechelic siloxane and a hydrosilylation catalyst; preparing a second mixture containing a second telechelic siloxane and a dual functional siloxane having two different polymer termini; and reacting the first mixture with the second mixture to produce the siloxane elastomer. The first and second mixtures may be stored separately until time of use.

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