Open Joint Stock Company Gazprom is the largest extractor of natural gas in the world and one of the world's largest companies. Its name is a contraction of the Russian words Gazovaya Promyshlennost . Its headquarters are in Moscow. Gazprom was created in 1989 when the Soviet Ministry of Gas Industry converted to a corporation, retaining all its assets. The company was later partly privatised, although the Russian government currently holds a majority stake. In 2011, the company produced about 513.2 billion cubic metres of natural gas, amounting to more than 17% of worldwide gas production. In addition, Gazprom produced about 32.3 million tons of crude oil and nearly 12.1 million tons of gas condensate. Gazprom's activities accounted for 8% of Russia's gross domestic product in 2011.Gazprom's major production fields are located around the Gulf of Ob in Western Siberia, and the Yamal Peninsula is expected to become the company's main gas producing region in the future. Gazprom possesses the largest gas transport system in the world, with approximately 158,200 kilometres of gas trunk lines. Major new pipeline projects include Nord Stream and South Stream. The company has a number of subsidiaries in various industrial sectors, including finance, media and aviation, as well as majority stakes in various companies. Wikipedia.
Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics
A model to describe the low-field microwave absorption of soft magnetic microwires is proposed. The field distributions inside a microwire and microwave absorption are found by means of a solution of Maxwell equations and the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation. It is shown that the microwave absorption field dependence is sensitive to a domain structure in a microwire surface region. The results obtained are applicable for both the amorphous microwires and the microwires consisting of a conducting nonmagnetic core and a soft magnetic shell. © 2010 IOP Publishing Ltd. Source
International Journal of Mining Science and Technology
The problem of the high-level processing of coal into synthetic motor fuels assumes worldwide actual meaning nowadays. Thereat, it is important especially for countries and regions which possess extensive coal resources and are forced to be guided by the import of liquid and gas hydrocarbons. However, a greater emphasis is paid to the given issue in Russia-The development of the federal program for high-level processing of coal into synthetic motor fuels was initiated. This article describes options of underground coal gasification (UCG) use for the generation of hydrocarbons from UCG gas in the process of the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS). The technical and economic analysis of the integrated UCG-FTS power-chemical factories has detected their investment attractiveness and practicability of experimental-industrial testing at coal deposits of the Russian Federation. © 2013 Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of China University of Mining & Technology. Source
International Journal of Mining Science and Technology
The global trends of increasing oil and gas costs have compelled coal possessing countries to start long term underground coal gasification (UCG) projects. These enhance national energy security and are among the cleanest, ecologically safest coal utilization technologies. This paper delineates the major characteristics of such technologies and analyzes technical solutions. Highlighting the desire to develop large scale industrial UCG plants, pilot level projects are presented using a new UCG method developed in Russia by Joint Stock Company Gazprom Promgaz. This method is distinct for its high controllability, stability, and energy efficiency. New, efficient technical solutions have been developed over the last 10-15 years and are patented in Russia. They guarantee controllability and stability of UCG gas production. Over one hundred injection and gas production wells have been operated simultaneously. © 2012 Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of China University of Mining and Technology. Source
News Article | August 14, 2016
China has become the usual suspect when it comes to commodity prices. Whether it’s crude oil or copper, LNG or gold, China is almost invariably the first place everyone looks for an explanation as to why prices are up or down. Now Asia’s largest economy is on its way to swing the international gas market, and swing it big. According to CNPC, the state-owned oil and gas giant, natural gas imports could jump to as much as 270 billion cubic meters annually by 2030. To put this in perspective, gas imports in 2015 totaled 53 billion cubic meters, with total consumption that year reaching 200 billion cubic meters. The increase will come largely thanks to a general shift toward cleaner energy sources as China seeks to clean up its image as one of the biggest polluters in the world. The shift is also part of a government strategy to move away from heavy industry to services as a growth driver. The news, though just an estimate, as noted by CNPC’s head of the International Department Li Yueqiang, could be the best news for the global gas industry in a while. With a saturated market and prices at multi-year lows, things recently have been as gloomy for the gas business as it has been for oil. A fourfold rise in imports in 14 years is not a chance to be missed by gas producers. But then again, not every prospective exporter to China is equal. Gazprom is perhaps best placed for the moment. The Russian company is already working, in partnership with CNPC, on the Power of Siberia pipeline that will have an annual capacity of 38 billion cubic meters of natural gas. Naturally, Gazprom is working to make sure there is demand for this gas, with its latest move in this respect a memorandum of understanding with CNPC for the construction of gas-fired power plants. Related: The Rumors Are Back! Oil Rallies On OPEC Chatter Russia as a whole is also better placed than potential competitors for the moment. Last year, CNPC’s deputy director-general told media that China could import as much as 100 billion cubic meters of natural gas annually by 2020. The figure includes both pipeline gas and LNG. LNG is where Russian suppliers may face stiff competition from major producers such as Australia. The Asian LNG market is depressed due to oversupply, but with China undertaking to cut harmful emissions by, among other measures, increasing the share of gas in its energy mix to 60 percent, things are set to change. There is also another factor that could neutralize the significance of CNPC’s estimates, and that’s local production. China has huge shale gas resources, and local energy majors are paying growing attention to the development of these resources. Sinopec, for one, plans to increase its local gas production twofold by 2020. It doesn’t become clear from the CNPC estimate whether this looming increase in local production has been fully factored into the calculation of the import figures, and it could make a huge difference. In any case, one thing is certain: China will become a major market swinger when it comes to natural gas. The post, China Could Quadruple Gas Imports By 2030, was first published on OilPrice.com.
News Article | September 12, 2016
Gazprom and Nogaholding of Bahrain have signed a memorandum of understanding to cooperate in liquefied natural gas.