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Garca M.F.,Yuzuncu Yil University | Aslan M.,Yuzuncu Yil University | Tuna B.,Yuzuncu Yil University | Kozan A.,Gazi State Hospital | Cankaya H.,Yuzuncu Yil University
Journal of Membrane Biology | Year: 2013

It has been suggested that oxidative stress may play an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic otitis media (COM), but the role of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of COM has not yet been fully explored. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate serum myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE), malondialdehyde (MDA), total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and nitric oxide (NO) in patients with COM. Sixty-one patients with COM and 30 controls were enrolled in the present study. Patients were divided into two groups according to the presence (n = 21) or absence (n = 40) of cholesteatoma. Serum MPO activity and 4-HNE, MDA and NO levels were significantly higher in patients with COM than controls (for all, p < 0.001), while TAC levels were significantly lower (for all, p < 0.001). Serum MPO activity and MDA, 4-HNE and NO levels were significantly higher in patients with cholesteatoma than in those without cholesteatoma, while TAC levels were significantly lower; but the difference between groups was not statistically significant (p > 0.05). Increased oxidative stress seems to be associated with decreased antioxidant levels in patients with COM. Thus, increased oxidative stress may play a role in the pathogenesis of COM. It is believed that the administration of antioxidant vitamins such as A, C and E may be useful in preventing and treating COM. © 2013 The Author(s).


Omer G.,Artvin State Hospital | Gokhan A.,Gazi State Hospital | Adem U.,Artvin State Hospital | Sabri D.,Istanbul Science University | Korhan S.,Ondokuz Mayis University
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine | Year: 2014

Background: Current guidelines recommend clinical risk scoring systems for the patients diagnosed and determinated treatment strategy with in Non-ST-elevation elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Previous studies demonstrated association between aortic elasticity properties, stiffness and severity CAD. However, the associations between Aortic stiffness, elasticity properties and clinical risk scores have not been investigated. In the present study we have evaluated the relation between the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) risk score and aortic stiffness in patients with NSTEMI. Method: We prospectively analyzed 87 consecutive patients with NSTEMI. Aortic elastic parameter and stiffness parameter were calculated from the echocardiographically derived thoracic aortic diameters (mm/m2), and the measurement of pulse pressure obtained by cuff sphygmomanometry. We have categorized the patients in to two groups as low ((n = 45) (GRACE risk score ≤ 140)) and high ((n = 42) (GRACE risk score > 140)) risk group according to GRACE risk score and compare the both groups. Results: Table 1 shows baseline characteristics of patients. Our study showed that Aortic strain was significantly low (3.5 ± 1.4, 7.9 ± 2.3 respectively, p < 0.001) and aortic stiffness index was significantly high (3.9 ± 0.38; 3 ± 0.35, respectively, p < 0.001) in the high risk group values compared to those with low risk group. The aortic stiffness index was the only independent predictor of GRACE risk score (OR: 119.390; 95% CI: 2.925-4872.8; p = 0.011) in multivariate analysis. Conclusion: We found a significant correlation between aortic stiffness, impaired elasticity and GRACE risk score. Aortic stiffness index was the only independent variable of the high GRACE risk score. The inclusion of aortic stiffness into the GRACE risk score could allow improved risk classification of patients with ACS at admission and this may be important in the diagnosis, follow up and treatment of the patients. © 2014, International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. All rights reserved.


Aksan G.,Gazi State Hospital | Soylu K.,Ondokuz Mayis University | Aksoy O.,University of California at Los Angeles | Ozdemir M.,Gazi State Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Coronary Artery Disease | Year: 2014

OBJECTIVES: There is accumulating evidence that inflammation plays a major role in the development of the slow coronary flow (SCF) phenomenon. In this study, we aimed to study the biomarker neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) as it relates to SCF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent coronary angiography before and had no significant epicardial coronary disease were included in the study. Patients who had Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction frame counts (TFCs) above the normal cutoffs were considered to have SCF and those within normal limits were considered to have normal coronary flow (NCF). The NGAL levels and biochemical profiles of all patients were studied and analyzed with coronary flow parameters. RESULTS: There were 50 patients in the SCF group and 50 patients in the NCF group. The serum NGAL level was higher in those patients in the SCF group versus the NCF group (75.2±39.7 vs. 50.6±24.2, P<0.001). There was a significant correlation between the NGAL levels and TFC (r=0.684, P<0.001). Multivariable regression analysis showed that the NGAL levels were an independent predictor of the SCF phenomenon (odds ratio=1.060, 95% confidence interval: 1.008-1.115, P=0.023). CONCLUSION: In this study, we show that patients with SCF have elevated levels of NGAL. We further show a strong correlation between the NGAL levels and coronary blood flow. We conclude that elevated NGAL levels might be a useful tool in predicting SCF in patients who undergo coronary angiography.


Kirkil C.,Firat University | Bulbuller N.,Ataturk Teaching and Education Hospital | Ilhan Y.S.,Firat University | Aygen E.,Firat University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association | Year: 2015

Objective: To analyse outcomes of variable management strategies for the treatment of Acute Cholecystitis in relation to morbidity, mortality and conversion to open surgery. Methods: The retrospective study was conducted at Firat University Hospital, Turkey and comprised records of Acute Cholecystitis patients admitted between 2005 and 2011. Patients were divided into subgroups according to admission time as well as American Society of Anaesthesiologists score. The outcomes of early cholecystectomy, interval cholecystectomy, delayed cholecystectomy, 'cooling-off' therapy and percutaneous cholecystostomy were evaluated. Mortality, morbidity, and conversion to open surgery were calculated as measures of success. Data was analysed using SPSS. Results: Of the 1557 patients, 1052(67.6%) were female. The overall mean age was 42.4±14.7 years. Success rates of 'cooling-off' therapy and percutaneous cholecystostomy were 89.3% and 96.3%, respectively. The conversion rate following delayed cholecystectomy was 30%, which was higher than that of both early and interval cholecystectomy (0.2% and 0%, respectively; p<0.001 each). Mortality and morbidity rates of delayed cholecystectomy (57.1% and 7.1%, respectively) were also significantly higher than early and interval cholecystectomy (5% and 0.1%; 5.6 and 0%, respectively). Conclusion: Early laparoscopic cholecystectomy and interval cholecystectomy shared similar outcomes and rates of efficacy. Percutaneous cholecystostomy was a successful treatment option for high-risk patients, while delayed cholecystostomy correlated to the highest rates of conversion to open surgery, mortality and morbidity. © Pakistan Medical Association. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Ondokuz Mayis University, Amasya University, Aksaray State Hospital and Gazi State Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Archives of medical science : AMS | Year: 2016

The arrhythmia potential has not been investigated adequately in psoriatic patients. In this study, we assessed the ventricular repolarization dispersion, using the Tp-e interval and the Tp-e/QT ratio, and investigated the association with inflammation.Seventy-one psoriasis vulgaris patients and 70 age- and gender-matched healthy individuals were enrolled in the study. The severity of the disease was calculated using Psoriasis Area and Severity Index scoring. The QTd was defined as the difference between the maximum and minimum QT intervals. The Tp-e interval was defined as the interval from the peak of the T wave to the end of the T wave. The Tp-e interval was corrected for heart rate. The Tp-e/QT ratio was calculated using these measurements.There were no significant differences between the groups with respect to basal clinical and laboratory characteristics (In our study, we detected a significant increase in the Tp-e interval and the Tp-e/QT ratio in patients with psoriasis vulgaris. The Tp-e interval and the Tp-e/QT ratio may be predictors for ventricular arrhythmias in patients with psoriasis vulgaris.


Aksan G.,Gazi State Hospital | Nar G.,Aksaray State Hospital | Soylu K.,Ondokuz Mayis University | Inci S.,Aksaray State Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Echocardiography | Year: 2015

Objectives Increased frequency of atrial fibrillation (AF) has been demonstrated in psoriasis cases. Prolongation of the duration of atrial electromechanical delay (AEMD) is a well-known characteristic of the atrium, which is vulnerable to AF. In the current study, our aims are to investigate AEMD durations and mechanical functions of the left atrium (LA) in patients with psoriasis. Methods A total of 90 patients, 45 with psoriasis vulgaris and 45 as the control group, were included in the study. Atrial electromechanical coupling (PA) and intra- and inter-atrial electromechanical delay (IA-AEMD) were measured with tissue Doppler echocardiography. P-wave dispersion (PWD) was calculated from the 12-lead electrocardiogram. The severity of the disease was evaluated by the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index. Results The durations of PA lateral and PA septal were significantly high in the psoriasis group when compared with the control group (47.7 ± 9.8 vs. 57.1 ± 8.4 msec, P < 0.001 and 38.6 ± 9.9 vs. 43.6 ± 8 msec, P = 0.016, respectively). The durations of IA-AEMD, intra-right electromechanical delay, and intra-left electromechanical delay in the psoriasis group were significantly prolonged compared with the control group (15.2 ± 4.1 vs. 21.7 ± 5.6 msec, P < 0.001; 6 ± 2.5 vs. 8.7 ± 2.7 msec, P < 0.001; and 9.1 ± 3.9 vs. 13.5 ± 5.2 msec, P < 0.001; respectively). PWD was significantly higher in patients with psoriasis vulgaris compared with controls (36.1 ± 7.9 vs. 40.2 ± 9.1 msec, P = 0.043). Conclusion In the present study, we found prolongation in the durations of AEMD and PWD in the psoriasis group compared with the control group. These results might be an early predictor of AF and other arrhythmias. © 2014, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Koksal Z.S.,Gazi State Hospital | Yanik K.,Ondokuz Mayis University | Bilgin K.,Ondokuz Mayis University | Ylmaz E.M.,Samsun Training and Research Hospital | Hokelek M.,Istanbul University
Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases | Year: 2016

The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of pyrimethamine (PYR) and sulfadiazine (SDZ) combined with levamisole and echinacea on the survival of mice infected with Toxoplasma gondii. For this, we used 99 specific pathogen-free BALB/c mice. All the mice were infected intraperitoneally with 105 T. gondii tachyzoites and were divided into 11 groups, each including 9 mice. Except for the control group, oral treatment was initiated in all groups 24 h post infection and was continued for 10 days. The treatment regimen included dual combinations of PYR (dose, 6.25 and 12.5 mg/kg/day) and SDZ (dose, 100 and 200 mg/kg/day), triple combinations of PYR + SDZ, and levamisole (dose, 2.5 mg/kg/day) or echinacea (dose, 130 and 260 mg/kg/day) and echinacea alone (dose, 130 and 260 mg/kg/day). We observed that an effective dose of the combination of PYR + SDZ and levamisole resulted in a statistically significant increase in the survival rate from 33.3z to 88.9z. Similarly, half the dose of this combination resulted an increase in the survival rate from 0z to 44.4z (p < 0.05). Survival rate also increased in the groups treated with the combinations including echinacea; however, the difference did not reach statistical significance. The triple combination of PYRSDZ- levamisole could be an alternative treatment option in case of infections caused by T. gondii. © 2016, National Institute of Health. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Cumhuriyet University, Sivas Numune Hospital, Gazi State Hospital and Pendik State Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Turkish journal of ophthalmology | Year: 2016

To evaluate the serum homocysteine (Hcy) and leptin levels in patients with uveitis.The 70 cases included in the study comprised 3 groups: patients with Behets uveitis (BU), patients with non-Behets uveitis (NBU) and healthy controls. Body mass index was calculated for each subject. Serum Hcy and leptin levels were measured. Furthermore, acute-phase reactants including erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein and neutrophil count were measured.Serum Hcy levels were 15.044.59 mol/L in the BU group, 15.46.87 mol/L in the NBU group and 13.644.72 mol/L in the control group (p>0.05). The serum leptin levels of male patients in the BU group, NBU group and control group were 4.763.54 ng/ml, 6.333.74 ng/ml and 5.476.33 ng/ml, respectively (p>0.05). When we compared serum leptin levels in female patients and controls, the mean serum leptin concentrations were significantly higher in female BU and NBU patients (24.8317.62 ng/ml and 28.4613.90 ng/ml, respectively) than in healthy control volunteers (9.626.36 ng/ml, p<0.05). In addition, the ESR value differences between groups were statistically significant (p<0.05).A larger case series is necessary to investigate serum Hcy and leptin concentrations in uveitis patients.


PubMed | Ondokuz Mayis University, Gazi State Hospital and Hacettepe University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Inflammation | Year: 2016

The therapeutic efficiency of an anti-inflammatory agent, dexamethasone (DXM), and a nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor, Nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), in lung tissue injury after lung contusion was investigated. Serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-), interleukin-10 (IL-10), YKL-40, an inflammatory peptide, inducible NOS (iNOS), and Clara cell protein 16 (CC-16) were evaluated. Immunohistochemical analyses were also performed, and the lung tissue was examined histopathologically. The study consisted of eight groups of Sprague-Dawley rats (n=10 in each group), weighing 250-300g: (1) control, (2) contusion, (3) control+DXM, (4) contusion+DXM, (5) control+L-NAME (6) contusion+L-NAME, (7) control+DXM+L-NAME, and (8) contusion+DXM+L-NAME. A previously developed lung contusion model was used, in addition to the control group. The rats were administered DXM and L-NAME intraperitoneally (i.p.) at doses of 15 and 60mg/kg/day, respectively. DXM and L-NAME administration decreased the iNOS level in the contusion groups. DXM increased the levels of YKL-40 and IL-10 in both the control and contusion groups, with higher levels in the contusion groups. L-NAME increased the serum level of IL-10 in the lung contusion groups. DXM increased the synthesis of CC-16 in the control and contusion groups. The combined use of a high-dose steroid and NOS inhibitor resulted in the death of the rats. Steroids can increase the level of cytokines, such as YKL-40 and IL-10, and the synthesis of CC-16 and prevent pneumonia, ALI/ARDS, and sepsis in lung contusion.


PubMed | Gazi State Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Japanese journal of infectious diseases | Year: 2016

The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of pyrimethamine (PYR) and sulfadiazine (SDZ) combined with levamisole and echinacea on the survival of mice infected with Toxoplasma gondii. For this, we used 99 specific pathogen-free BALB/c mice. All the mice were infected intraperitoneally with 10(5) T. gondii tachyzoites and were divided into 11 groups, each including 9 mice. Except for the control group, oral treatment was initiated in all groups 24 h post infection and was continued for 10 days. The treatment regimen included dual combinations of PYR (dose, 6.25 and 12.5 mg/kg/day) and SDZ (dose, 100 and 200 mg/kg/day), triple combinations of PYR + SDZ, and levamisole (dose, 2.5 mg/kg/day) or echinacea (dose, 130 and 260 mg/kg/day) and echinacea alone (dose, 130 and 260 mg/kg/day). We observed that an effective dose of the combination of PYR + SDZ and levamisole resulted in a statistically significant increase in the survival rate from 33.3% to 88.9%. Similarly, half the dose of this combination resulted an increase in the survival rate from 0% to 44.4% (p < 0.05). Survival rate also increased in the groups treated with the combinations including echinacea; however, the difference did not reach statistical significance. The triple combination of PYR-SDZ-levamisole could be an alternative treatment option in case of infections caused by T. gondii.

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