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Waltham, MA, United States

Davies B.R.,Astrazeneca | Guan N.,Gatehouse Park | Logie A.,Astrazeneca | Crafter C.,Astrazeneca | And 12 more authors.
Molecular Cancer Therapeutics | Year: 2015

AKT1E17K mutations occur at low frequency in a variety of solid tumors, including those of the breast and urinary bladder. Although this mutation has been shown to transform rodent cells in culture, it was found to be less oncogenic than PIK3CA mutations in breast epithelial cells. Moreover, the therapeutic potential of AKT inhibitors in human tumors with an endogenous AKT1E17K mutation is not known. Expression of exogenous copies of AKT1E17K in MCF10A breast epithelial cells increased phosphorylation of AKT and its substrates, induced colony formation in soft agar, and formation of lesions in the mammary fat pad of immunodeficient mice. These effects were inhibited by the allosteric and catalytic AKT inhibitors MK-2206 and AZD5363, respectively. Both AKT inhibitors caused highly significant growth inhibition of breast cancer explant models with AKT1E17K mutation. Furthermore, in a phase I clinical study, the catalytic Akt inhibitor AZD5363 induced partial responses in patients with breast and ovarian cancer with tumors containing AKT1E17K mutations. In MGH-U3 bladder cancer xenografts, which contain both AKT1E17K and FGFR3Y373C mutations, AZD5363 monotherapy did not significantly reduce tumor growth, but tumor regression was observed in combination with the FGFR inhibitor AZD4547. The data show that tumors with AKT1E17K mutations are rational therapeutic targets for AKT inhibitors, although combinations with other targeted agents may be required where activating oncogenic mutations of other proteins are present in the same tumor. © 2015 American Association for Cancer Research.

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