Center for Gastric Cancer

Goyang, South Korea

Center for Gastric Cancer

Goyang, South Korea
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Kim H.K.,Center for Gastric Cancer | Green J.E.,U.S. National Cancer Institute
Pharmacogenomics | Year: 2014

Gastric cancer is the second most common cause of cancer death worldwide. Recent development of targeted agents provides clinicians with additional systemic treatment options to conventional cytotoxic agents. Predictive markers are undoubtedly important for guiding the appropriate use of targeted and cytotoxic agents. Currently, however, HER2 is the only predictive biomarker validated for gastric cancer. In this review, candidate predictive markers for response to other targeted agents and cytotoxic chemotherapeutic agents are discussed. © 2014 Future Medicine Ltd.

Nam S.Y.,Center for Cancer Prevention and Detection | Choi I.J.,Center for Gastric Cancer | Ryu K.H.,Center for Cancer Prevention and Detection | Park B.J.,Center for Cancer Prevention and Detection | And 2 more authors.
Gastroenterology | Year: 2010

Background & Aims Data on the association between erosive esophagitis and obesity are inconsistent because of variations in study populations and methods used to determine obesity. Methods Participants in a prospective health-screening cohort underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy and computed tomography. The association between erosive esophagitis and obesity (measured by body mass index [BMI], waist circumference, and abdominal visceral adipose tissue volume) was estimated with odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs), adjusting for confounding factors. We also analyzed the association between obesity and erosive esophagitis by sex. Results The prevalence of erosive esophagitis was 9.3% (495/5329). The OR for erosive esophagitis correlated with obesity measured by BMI, waist circumference, and abdominal visceral adipose tissue volume (P < .001 for each factor). The multivariate OR for erosive esophagitis was 1.97 (95% CI: 1.342.90) for a visceral adipose tissue volume of 500999 cm3, 2.27 (95% CI: 1.513.39) for 10001499 cm3, and 2.94 (95% CI: 1.874.62) for <1500 cm3, compared with participants who had visceral adipose tissue volumes less than 500 cm3. When measures of obesity were analyzed simultaneously, abdominal visceral adipose tissue volume, but not BMI or waist circumference, was associated with erosive esophagitis. The 3 measures of obesity were significantly associated with erosive esophagitis in males, but only visceral adipose tissue volume was associated with erosive esophagitis in females (P = .002). Conclusions In contrast to BMI or waist circumference, abdominal visceral adipose tissue volume is associated with an increased risk of erosive esophagitis in males and females. © 2010 AGA Institute.

Joo I.,Seoul National University | Lee J.Y.,Seoul National University | Kim J.H.,Seoul National University | Kim S.J.,Center for Gastric Cancer | And 3 more authors.
European Radiology | Year: 2013

Objectives: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of transabdominal high-resolution ultrasound (HRUS) for differentiation of adenomyomatosis from early-stage, wall-thickening-type gallbladder (GB) cancer. Methods: HRUS was defined as the addition of high megahertz imaging to conventional low megahertz imaging with use of state-of-the-art imaging technology. HRUS findings were retrospectively compared in 45 patients with adenomyomatosis and 28 patients with stage T1/T2 wall-thickening-type GB cancer. For evaluating HRUS performance in the differential diagnosis of adenomyomatosis from GB cancer, receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was used with a five-point confidence scale independently scored by three blinded radiologists who also analysed morphological abnormalities. Results: The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (A z) values of HRUS in the diagnosis of adenomyomatosis were 0.948, 0.915 and 0.917 for reviewers 1, 2 and 3. Symmetrical wall thickening, intramural cystic spaces, intramural echogenic foci and twinkling artefacts were significantly associated with adenomyomatosis (P < 0.05), whereas irregular thickening of the outer wall, focal innermost hyperechoic layer (IHL) discontinuity, IHL irregularity, IHL thickening greater than 1 mm, loss of multilayer pattern in the GB wall, and intralesional vascularity were significantly associated with cancer (P < 0.05). The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of intramural cystic spaces/echogenic foci for the diagnosis of adenomyomatosis were 80.0 %, 85.7 % and 82.2 %. Conclusions: This study showed that HRUS can be helpful for distinguishing adenomyomatosis from early-stage, wall-thickening-type GB cancer. Key Points: • Transabdominal high-resolution ultrasound (HRUS) helps differentiate adenomyomatosis from gallbladder cancer. • HRUS can evaluate the detailed anatomy of the gallbladder wall. • Adenomyomatosis of the gallbladder shows characteristic findings on HRUS. © 2012 European Society of Radiology.

Kim Y.-I.,Center for Gastric Cancer | Choi I.J.,Center for Gastric Cancer | Kook M.-C.,Center for Gastric Cancer | Cho S.-J.,Center for Gastric Cancer | And 4 more authors.
Helicobacter | Year: 2014

Background: The long-term effect of Helicobacter pylori eradication in preventing metachronous gastric cancer (GC) development after endoscopic resection (ER) of early gastric cancer (EGC) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of H. pylori status on the incidence of metachronous GC after ER during long-term follow-up. Patients and methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 374 patients who underwent ER for EGC. Helicobacter pylori status was assessed by histology, rapid urease test, and serology. According to the H. pylori status after ER, included patients were classified into H. pylori-negative group (n = 218), H. pylori-eradicated group (n = 49), and H. pylori-persistent group (n = 107). Metachronous GC incidence and risk factors according to H. pylori status were analyzed. Results: Median follow-up duration after ER was 4.3 years (range 1.0-11.3 years). During the follow-up period, metachronous GC had developed in 13 patients (6.0% [13/218]) in the H. pylori-negative group, 2 patients (4.1% [2/49]) in the H. pylori-eradicated group, and 16 patients (15.0% [16/107]) in the H. pylori-persistent group. Cumulative incidence of metachronous GC was significantly higher in patients with H. pylori-persistent group than in those with H. pylori-negative (p = .011, log-rank test) and H. pylori-eradicated group (p = .006, log-rank test). In a multivariate Cox proportional hazard model, age ≥65 years (hazard ratio [HR] 2.29, p = .038), family history of GC (HR 2.60, p = .014), and H. pylori-persistent status (HR 2.42, p = .019) were associated with metachronous GC development. Conclusions: Persistent H. pylori infection after ER may increase risk of metachronous GC development. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Kim C.G.,Center for Gastric Cancer
Clinical Endoscopy | Year: 2013

Endoscopic forceps biopsy is essential before planning an endoscopic resection of upper gastrointestinal epithelial tumors. However, forceps biopsy is limited by its superficiality and frequency of sampling errors. Histologic discrepancies between endoscopic forceps biopsies and resected specimens are frequent. Factors associated with such histologic discrepancies are tumor size, macroscopic type, surface color, and the type of medical facility. Precise targeting of biopsies is recommended to achieve an accurate diagnosis, curative endoscopic resection, and a satisfactory oncologic outcome. Multiple deep forceps biopsies can induce mucosal ulceration in early gastric cancer. Endoscopic resection for early gastric cancer with ulcerative findings is associated with piecemeal resection, incomplete resection, and a risk for procedure-related complications such as bleeding and perforation. Such active ulcers caused by forceps biopsy and following submucosal fibrosis might also be mistaken as an indication for more aggressive procedures, such as gastrectomy with D2 lymph node dissection. Proton pump inhibitors might be prescribed to facilitate the healing of biopsy-induced ulcers if an active ulcer is predicted after deep biopsy. It is unknown which time interval from biopsy to endoscopic resection is appropriate for a safe procedure and a good oncologic outcome. Further investigations are needed to conclude the appropriate time interval. © 2013 Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy.

Choi I.J.,Center for Gastric Cancer
Clinical Endoscopy | Year: 2014

Gastric cancer remains a major cancer problem world-wide and future incidence will likely increase due to rapidly aging population demographics. Population-based screening is being undertaken in Korea and Japan, where gastric cancer incidence rates are high, and seems to be effective in reducing mortality from gastric cancer. However, such strategies are difficult to implement in countries with a low incidence or limited resources. Thus, screening strategies should be directed towards high-risk population subgroups. Gastric cancer has a relatively long mean sojourn time, and prognosis of early-stage disease is excellent. In general population, screening at 2-year interval in Korea seems to be effective for early-stage diagnosis. In subjects with atrophic gastritis or intestinal metaplasia, surveillance is recommended at 1 to 3 years intervals according to European and Japanese recommendation. Screening intervals for family members with sporadic gastric cancer has not yet been adequately evaluated, but 1-year interval is recommended for hereditary diffuse gastric cancer family-members. Gastric cancer patients treated by endoscopic resection are the highest-risk group, and 1-year interval surveillance can detect most metachronous gastric cancers at an early stage. Future gastric cancer surveillance strategies using endoscopy should be guided by risk-stratification assessment, and further refinement of optimal surveillance intervals is needed. © 2014 Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy.

Choi I.J.,Center for Gastric Cancer
Korean Journal of Internal Medicine | Year: 2013

Gastric cancer is the second most common cause of cancer death worldwide and is usually detected at a late stage, except in Korea and Japan where early screening is in effect. Results from animal and epidemiological studies suggest that Helico-bacter pylori infection, and subsequent gastritis, promote development of gastric cancer in the infected mucosa. Relatively effective treatment regimens are avail-able to treat H. pylori infection, and in general, mass eradication of the organism is not currently recommended as a gastric cancer prevention strategy. However, regional guidelines vary regarding the indications and recommendations for H. pylori treatment for gastric cancer prevention. In this review, we discuss the re-sults from intervention studies, provide insight regarding current guideline rec-ommendations, and discuss future study directions. © 2013 The Korean Association of Internal Medicine.

Choi I.J.,Center for Gastric Cancer
Clinical Endoscopy | Year: 2012

Center for Gastric Cancer, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea Upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy is the most basic part of endoscopy field. Although old and basic procedures are still in use, a line of innovative techniques and devices are being introduced to allow much complex and difficult procedures in endoscopy unit. High quality upper endoscopic procedures can replace or obviate surgical treatment. Selected reviews dealing with non-variceal upper GI bleeding, challenging esophageal stenting, endoscopic management of subpeithelial tumor, and endoscopic evaluation for candidate lesions of endoscopic submucosal dissection were selected among the topics from International Digestive Endoscopy Network 2012. © 2012 Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy.

Kim C.G.,Center for Gastric Cancer
Journal of Gastric Cancer | Year: 2013

Since the first transgastric natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery was described, various applications and modified procedures have been investigated. Transgastric natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery for periotoneoscopy, cholecystectomy, and appendectomy all seem viable in humans, but additional studies are required to demonstrate their benefits and roles in clinical practice. The submucosal tunneling method enhances the safety of peritoneal access and gastric closure and minimizes the risk of intraperitoneal leakage of gastric air and juice. Submucosal tunneling involves submucosal tumor resection and peroral endoscopic myotomy. Peroral endoscopic myotomy is a safe and effective treatment option for achalasia, and the most promising natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery procedure. Endoscopic full-thickness resection is a rapidly developing natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery procedure for the upper gastrointestinal tract and can be performed with a hybrid natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery technique (combining a laparoscopic approach) to overcome some limitations of pure natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery. Studies to identify the most appropriate role of endoscopic full-thickness resection are anticipated. In this article, I review the procedures of natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery associated with the upper gastrointestinal tract. © 2013 by The Korean Gastric Cancer Association.

Kim Y.-I.,Center for Gastric Cancer | Choi I.J.,Center for Gastric Cancer
Clinical Endoscopy | Year: 2015

Tumor bleeding is not a rare complication in patients with inoperable gastric cancer. Endoscopy has important roles in the diagnosis and primary treatment of tumor bleeding, similar to its roles in other non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding cases. Although limited studies have been performed, endoscopic therapy has been highly successful in achieving initial hemostasis. One or a combination of endoscopic therapy modalities, such as injection therapy, mechanical therapy, or ablative therapy, can be used for hemostasis in patients with endoscopic stigmata of recent hemorrhage. However, rebleeding after successful hemostasis with endoscopic therapy frequently occurs. Endoscopic therapy may be a treatment option for successfully controlling this rebleeding. Transarterial embolization or palliative surgery should be considered when endoscopic therapy fails. For primary and secondary prevention of tumor bleeding, proton pump inhibitors can be prescribed, although their effectiveness to prevent bleeding remains to be investigated. © 2015 Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy.

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