Thimiri Govinda Raj D.B.,Center for Human Genetics euven |
Thimiri Govinda Raj D.B.,IMEC |
Ghesquiere B.,VIB |
Tharkeshwar A.K.,Center for Human Genetics euven |
And 12 more authors.
Molecular Systems Biology | Year: 2011
We manufactured a novel type of lipid-coated superparamagnetic nanoparticles that allow for a rapid isolation of plasma membranes (PMs), enabling high-resolution proteomic, glycomic and lipidomic analyses of the cell surface. We used this technology to characterize the effects of presenilin knockout on the PM composition of mouse embryonic fibroblasts. We found that many proteins are selectively downregulated at the cell surface of presenilin knockout cells concomitant with lowered surface levels of cholesterol and certain sphingomyelin species, indicating defects in specific endosomal transport routes to and/or from the cell surface. Snapshots of N-glycoproteomics and cell surface glycan profiling further underscored the power and versatility of this novel methodology. Since PM proteins provide many pathologically relevant biomarkers representing two-thirds of the currently used drug targets, this novel technology has great potential for biomedical and pharmaceutical applications. © 2011 EMBO and Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved.