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Ou G.-P.,Gaoming District Peoples Hospital of Foshan City | Xiao J.,Gaoming District Peoples Hospital of Foshan City | Zheng Z.-Y.,Gaoming District Peoples Hospital of Foshan City | Li B.,Gaoming District Peoples Hospital of Foshan City | And 2 more authors.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research | Year: 2013

Background: Elderly knee osteoarthritis is a most common joint disease, which can cause the elderly lower limb disability and has serious impact on daily activities and life quality of the elderly. Understanding the prevalence factors of elderly knee osteoarthritis plays a positive role in preventing the disease occurrence. Objective: To explore the risk factors of elderly knee osteoarthritis through investigating the occurrence of elderly knee osteoarthritis in Gaoming district, Foshan city. Methods: A total of 2 250 older patients aged over 60 years were selected with stratified multi-stage cluster sampling method from Gaoming district, Foshan city for an epidemiological survey of elderly knee osteoarthritis, 1 125 in male and female. Among them, 1 064 patients received the knee joint anteroposterior and lateral X-ray examination. The diagnostic criteria of elderly knee osteoarthritis included the positive clinical symptoms and ≥ 2 X-ray Kellgren & Lawrence grade. SPSS 13.0 software was used to perform the multivariate unconditional logistic regression analysis on the questionnaire results, and to find out the risk factors of knee osteoarthritis. Results and Conclusion: Educational level, dietary habits, smoking, drinking, climbing stairs, squatting defecation and the history of osteoporosis are not the risk factors for elderly knee osteoarthritis (mean odds ratio < 1). Gender, age, obesity, damp and dark living environment, standing working, heavy physical labor, knee trauma history and family history of osteoarthritis are the risk factors for elderly knee osteoarthritis (mean odds ratio > 1). Source

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