Gansu Research Center for Swine Production Engineering and Technology

Lanzhou, China

Gansu Research Center for Swine Production Engineering and Technology

Lanzhou, China
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Yang Q.,Gansu Agricultural University | Huang X.,Gansu Agricultural University | Zhao S.,Gansu Agricultural University | Sun W.,Gansu Agricultural University | And 8 more authors.
Frontiers in Microbiology | Year: 2017

Diarrhea is a leading cause of increased mortality in neonatal and young piglets. Aberration of the gut microbiota is one important factor in the etiology of piglet diarrhea. However, information regarding the structure and function of the gut microbiome in diarrheic neonatal piglets is limited. To investigate the composition and functional potential of the fecal microbiota in neonatal piglets, we performed 16S rRNA gene sequencing on 20 fecal samples from diarrheic piglets and healthy controls, and metagenomics sequencing on a subset of six samples. We found striking compositional and functional differences in fecal microbiota between diarrheic and healthy piglets. Neonatal piglet diarrhea was associated with increases in the relative abundance of Prevotella, Sutterella, and Campylobacter, as well as Fusobacteriaceae. The increased relative abundance of Prevotella was correlated with the reduction in Escherichia coli and the majority of beneficial bacteria that belonging to the Firmicutes phylum (e.g., Enterococcus, Streptococcus, Lactobacillus, Clostridium, and Blautia) in diarrheic piglets. The differentially functional gene abundances in diarrheic piglets were an increase in bacterial ribosome, and contributed primarily by the genera Prevotella, this indicates a growth advantage of the Prevotella in diarrheic conditions. Additional functional gene sets were associated with the reduction of polyamine transport, monosaccharide and sugar-specific PTS transport, amino acid transport, and two-component regulatory system. These profiles likely impact the ability to transport and uptake nutrients, as well as the ability to fight microbial infections in the piglet gut ecosystem. This work identifies a potential role for Prevotella in the community-wide microbial aberration and dysfunction that underpins the pathogenesis of piglet diarrhea. Identification of these microbial and functional signatures may provide biomarkers of neonatal piglet diarrhea. © 2017 Yang, Huang, Zhao, Sun, Yan, Wang, Li, Huang, Zhang, Liu and Gun.

Huang X.,Gansu Agricultural University | Yang Q.,Gansu Agricultural University | Yuan J.,Ruzhou Animal Husbandry Bureau | Liu L.,Northwest University for Nationalities | And 7 more authors.
Genes | Year: 2016

The swine leukocyte antigens (SLAs) are the multigene families related to immune responses. Little is known about the effect of the DRA gene on diarrheal disease. This study reported the genetic diversity of the DRA gene in exons 1, 3 and 4 in 290 Chinese Yantai black pigs. No variation was identified in exon 3. In exon 1, three genotypes and two alleles were identified, generated by two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). In exon 4, there were eight genotypes and five alleles containing seven SNPs were detected with four SNPs being novel SNPs. The low polymorphism found in swine DRA is consistent with the concept that the DRA gene is highly conserved among all mammalian species. Statistical analyses indicated that the genotypes of exon 1 were not significantly associated with piglet diarrhea (p > 0.05); however, genotypes C4C4 (1.80 ± 0.33) and A4E4 (1.66 ± 0.25) of exon 4 were significantly susceptible to diarrhea (p < 0.01). These indicate that the particular genotypes of the DRA gene are susceptible to diarrheal disease, which provides valuable information for disease-resistance breeding in swine. © 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Yang Q.L.,Gansu Agricultural University | Huang X.Y.,Gansu Agricultural University | Kong J.J.,Yongjing Country Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Bureau | Zhao S.G.,Gansu Agricultural University | And 3 more authors.
Genetics and Molecular Research | Year: 2016

Piglet diarrhea is one of the primary factors that affects the benefits of the swine industry. Recent studies have shown that exon 2 of the swine leukocyte antigen-DQA gene is associated with piglet resistance to diarrhea; however, the contributions of additional exon coding regions of this gene remain unclear. Here, we detected and sequenced variants in the exon 3 region and examined their associations with diarrhea infection in 425 suckling piglets using the polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformational polymorphism and sequencing analysis. The results revealed that exon 3 of the swine leukocyte antigen-DQA gene is highly polymorphic and pivotal to both diarrhea susceptibility and resistance in piglets. We identified 14 genotypes (AA, AB, BB, BC, CC, EE, EF, BE, BF, CF, DD, DH, GG, and GF) and eight alleles (A-H) that were generated by 14 nucleotide variants, eight of which were novel, and three nucleotide deletions. Statistical analyses revealed that the genotypes AB and EF were associated with resistance to diarrheal disease (P < 0.05), and the genotype DD may contribute to diarrhea susceptibility but was unique to Large White pigs (P > 0.05). These results elucidate the genetic and immunological background to piglet diarrhea, and provide useful information for resistance breeding programs. © 2016 The Authors.

Yang Q.L.,Gansu Agricultural University | Huang X.Y.,Gansu Agricultural University | Zhao S.G.,Gansu Agricultural University | Liu L.X.,Northwest University for Nationalities | And 4 more authors.
Animal Genetics | Year: 2016

Piglet diarrhea is one of the most common factors that affects the benefits of the swine industry. Although recent studies have shown that exon 2 of SLA-DQA is associated with piglet resistance to diarrhea, contributions of genetic variation in the additional exon coding regions of this gene remain unclear. Here, we investigated variation in exons 1, 3 and 4 of the SLA-DQA gene and evaluated their effects on diarrheal infection in 425 suckling piglets. No variation was identified in exon 1. In exon 3, there were eight alleles detected, generated by 14 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and three nucleotide deletions, eight SNPs being newly identified. Four allele sequences and three SNPs were identified in exon 4, only one SNP being newly identified. Statistical analysis showed that the genotypes of exon 3 are significantly associated with piglet diarrhea; indeed, genotypes DQA*wb01/wb02 and wb04/wb05 are clearly associated with resistance to piglet diarrhea, as they have the lowest probabilities of infection (P < 0.05). However, no significant association was found between the genotypes of exon 4 and diarrhea (P > 0.05). These results provide important new information concerning the level of genetic diversity at the SLA-DQA locus and suggest that further genetic association studies of piglet diarrhea resistance should include analyses of both exons 2 and 3 of this locus. © 2016 Stichting International Foundation for Animal Genetics

Liu L.X.,Gansu Agricultural University | Liu L.X.,Northwest University for Nationalities | Zhao S.G.,Gansu Agricultural University | Lu H.N.,Gansu Agricultural University | And 5 more authors.
International Journal of Immunogenetics | Year: 2015

Swine leucocyte antigen (SLA) is a highly polymorphic multigene family that plays a crucial role in swine immune response and disease resistance. Here, we identified polymorphisms and gene variations of SLA-DQA exon 2 using polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) and DNA sequencing analysis, and further investigated the correlation between the polymorphisms and piglet diarrhoea in three Chinese native pig breeds (Bamei, Juema and Gansu Black pigs). Consequently, 12 genotypes and 8 alleles including two novel alleles were detected. Nucleotide polymorphism was compared with the actual functional polymorphism in the peptide-binding region (PBR), binding pockets P1, P6 and P9, and the antigen-binding groove, variations in the antigen-binding groove of alleles DQA*01xa01, DQA*01xa03, DQA*01xb01, DQA*We02, DQA*03xb03 and DQA*wy06 were higher than alleles DQA*03xa01 and DQA*03xa03, while amino acid variations in peptide-binding pockets of allele DQA*03xa03 were most abundant among all alleles. The results of association analysis showed the diarrhoea score of Gansu Black pigs (-0.08 ± 0.78) was significantly higher than Bamei and Juema pigs (P < 0.01), and genotype DQA*03xa0103xa01 (0.39 ± 0.54) was significantly higher relative to other genotypes (P < 0.01), while that of genotype DQA*03xa0303xa03 (-1.31 ± 0.88) was markedly lower than scores obtained with genotypes DQA*03xa0103xa01 and DQA*03xa0101xa01 (P < 0.01), as well as DQA*01xa0101xa01 (P < 0.05), indicating that amino acid variations in the peptide-binding pockets play a more important role than the antigen-binding groove in piglet diarrhoea resistance. Further studies on other SLA molecules of native pigs are required to validate the link between this gene complex and diarrhoea. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Yang Q.L.,Gansu Agricultural University | Yang Q.L.,Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Institute of Gansu Province | Zhao S.G.,Gansu Agricultural University | Zhao S.G.,Gansu Research Center for Swine Production Engineering and Technology | And 8 more authors.
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2014

The swine leukocyte antigen (SLA)-DRA locus is noteworthy among other SLA class II loci for its limited variation and has not been investigated in depth. This study was investigated to detect polymorphisms of four exons of SLA-DRA gene and its association with piglet diarrhea in Landrace, Large White and Duroc pigs. No polymorphisms were detected in exon 3, while 2 SNPs (c.178G>A and c.211T>C), 2 SNPs (c.3093A>C and c.3104C>T) and 5 SNPs (c.4167A>G, c.4184A>G, c.4194A>G, c.4246A>G and c.4293G>A) were detected in exon 1, exon 2 and exon 4 respectively, and 1 SNP (c.4081T>C) in intron 3. Statistical results showed that genotype had significant effect on piglet diarrhea, individuals with genotype BC had a higher diarrhea score when compared with the genotypes AA, AB, AC and CC. Futhermore, genotype AC had a higher diarrhea score than the genotype CC in exon 1 (p<0.05); diarrhea scores of genotype AA and BB were higher than those of genotypes AC and CC in exon 2 (p<0.05); individuals with genotype AA had a higher diarrhea score than individuals with genotype AB and BB in exon 4 (p<0.05). Fourteen common haplotypes were founded by haplotype constructing of all SNPs in the three exons, its association with piglet diarrhea appeared that Hap2, 5, 8, 10, and 14 may be the susceptible haplotypes and Hap9 may be the resistant haplotype to piglet diarrhea. The genetic variations identified of the SLA-DRA gene may potentially be functional mutations related to piglet diarrhea. Copyright © 2014 by Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences.

Huang X.Y.,Gansu Agricultural University | Yang Q.L.,Gansu Agricultural University | Yuan J.H.,Gansu Agricultural University | Gun S.B.,Gansu Agricultural University | Gun S.B.,Gansu Research Center for Swine Production Engineering and Technology
Genetics and Molecular Research | Year: 2015

In this study, 290 Chinese native Yantai black pig piglets were investigated to identify gene polymorphisms, for haplotype reconstruction, and to determine the association between piglet diarrhea and swine leukocyte antigen (SLA) class II DQA exons 2, 3, and 4 by polymerase chain reaction-single stranded conformational polymorphism and cloning sequencing. The results showed that the 5, 8, and 7 genotypes were identified from SLA-DQA exon 2, 3, and 4, respectively, based on the single-stranded conformational polymorphism banding patterns and found a novel allele D in exon 2 and 2 novel mutational sites of allele C (c.4828T>C) and allele F (c.4617T>C) in exon 3. Polymorphism information content testing showed that exon 2 was moderately polymorphic and that exons-3 and -4 loci were highly polymorphic. The piglet diarrhea scores for genotypes AB (1.40 ± 0.14) and AC (1.54 ± 0.17) in exon 2, AA (1.22 ± 0.32), BC (1.72 ± 0.13), DD (1.67 ± 0.35), and CF (1.22 ± 0.45) in exon 3, and AD (2.35 ± 0.25) in exon 4 were significantly higher than those for the other genotypes (P ≤ 0.05) in DQA exons. There were 14 reconstructed haplotypes in the 3 exons from 290 individuals and Hap12 may be the diarrhea-resistant gene. Haplotype distribution was extremely uneven, and the SLA-DQA gene showed genetic linkage. In this study, we identified molecular genetic markers and provided a theoretical foundation for future pig anti-disease resistance breeding. © FUNPEC-RP.

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