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Chen S.-L.,Nanjing Medical University | Liu Y.,Nanjing Medical University | Lin L.,Nanjing Medical University | Ye F.,Nanjing Medical University | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Interventional Cardiology | Year: 2014

Background Evidences concerning the predictive value of baseline inflammatory biomarkers after drug-eluting stent (DES) placement are controversial, mainly because the use of statin was not precisely defined. Objectives The aim was to compare the differences between interleukin (IL)-6 and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in predicting cardiovascular events 2 years after stenting in patients with unstable angina (UA) who had not received statin pretreatment. Methods There were 1,896 patients included in this study. The primary end-point was the occurrence of cardiac death or myocardial infarction (MI). Secondary endpoints included all-cause death, stent thrombosis (ST), target lesion revascularization (TLR), target vessel revascularization (TVR), or a composite of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) at 2 years after the procedure. Results During the median follow-up of 2.77 years, 96 patients experienced cardiac death (n=37, 1.95%) or MIs (n=70, 3.69%), 94 TLRs, 123 TVRs, 215 MACEs, and 21 definite or probable STs. In multivariable Cox proportional-hazards models and discrimination analysis, elevated IL-6 levels were superior to hs-CRP in predicting the occurrence not only of cardiac death or MI (HR 1.337, 95% CI 1.234-1.449, P<0.001), but also of MACE and late-occurring definite/probable ST. Incorporation of IL-6 into conventional variables resulted in significantly increased c statistic for the prediction of end-points, with the exception of TLR and TVR. Conclusion Elevated IL-6 levels were independent predictors of cardiac death or MI, MACE, and late ST in patients with UA who had not received statin pretreatment, suggesting a role for IL-6 in the inflammatory risk assessment. Pathological studies have confirmed that atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease. Serum levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), matrix metalloproteinase, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, the complement components C3a or C5a, and interleukin(IL)-6 were reported to provide strong and independent indications of the risk for future cardiovascular (CV) events, even among individuals who are thought to be free of vascular disease. © 2014, Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Liu Y.,Lanzhou University | Jiang H.,Gansu Provincial Peoples Hospital | Zhao Z.,Lanzhou University | An L.,Lanzhou University
Plant Physiology and Biochemistry | Year: 2010

In the present study, we used suspension cultured cells from Chorispora bungeana Fisch. and C.A. Mey to investigate whether nitric oxide (NO) is involved in the signaling pathway of chilling adaptive responses. Low temperatures at 4 °C or 0 °C induced ion leakage, lipid peroxidation and cell viability suppression, which were dramatically alleviated by exogenous application of NO donor sodium nitroprusside (SNP). The levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) were obviously reduced, and the activities of antioxidant enzymes such as ascorbate peroxidase (APX, EC, catalase (CAT, EC, glutathione reductase (GR, EC, peroxidase (POD, EC and superoxide dismutase (SOD, EC and the contents of ascorbic acid (AsA) and reduced glutathione (GSH) increased evidently in the presence of SNP under chilling stress. In addition, under low temperature conditions, treatment with NO scavenger PTIO or mammalian NO synthase (NOS) inhibitor l-NAME remarkably aggravated oxidative damage in the suspension cultures compared with that of chilling treatment alone. Moreover, measurements of NOS activity and NO production showed that both NOS activity and endogenous NO content increased markedly under chilling stress. The accumulation of NO was inhibited by l-NAME in chilling-treated cultures, indicating that most NO production under chilling may be generated from NOS-like activity. Collectively, these results suggest that chilling-induced NO accumulation can effectively protect against oxidative injury and that NOS like activity-dependent NO production might act as an antioxidant directly scavengering ROS or operate as a signal activating antioxidant defense under chilling stress, thus conferring an increased tolerance to chilling in C. bungeana suspension cultures. © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. Source

Liu Y.,Lanzhou University | Jiang H.,Gansu Provincial Peoples Hospital | Zhao Z.,Lanzhou University | An L.,Lanzhou University
Journal of Plant Physiology | Year: 2011

The objective of this study was to investigate whether abscisic acid (ABA), a second messenger in chilling stress responses, is involved in brassinosteroids (BRs)-induced chilling tolerance in suspension cultured cells from Chorispora bungeana. The suspension cells were treated with 24-epibrassinolide (EBR), ABA, ABA biosynthesis inhibitor fluridone (Flu) and EBR in combination with Flu. Their effects on chilling tolerance, reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and antioxidant defense system were analyzed. The results showed that EBR treatment markedly alleviated the decrease of cell viability and the increases of ion leakage and lipid peroxidation induced by chilling stress, suggesting that application of EBR could improve the chilling tolerance of C. bungeana suspension cultures. In addition, similar results were observed when exogenous ABA was applied. Treatment with Flu alone and in combination with EBR significantly suppressed cell viability and increased ion leakage and lipid peroxidation under low temperature conditions, indicating that the inhibition of ABA biosynthesis could decrease the chilling tolerance of C. bungeana suspension cultures and the EBR-enhanced chilling tolerance. Further analyses showed that EBR and ABA enhanced antioxidant defense and slowed down the accumulation of ROS caused by chilling. However, Flu application differentially blocked these protective effects of EBR. Moreover, EBR was able to mimic the effect of ABA by markedly increasing ABA content in the suspension cells under chilling conditions, whereas the EBR-induced ABA accumulation was inhibited by the addition of Flu. Taken together, these results demonstrate that EBR may confer chilling tolerance to C. bungeana suspension cultured cells by enhancing the antioxidant defense system, which is partially mediated by ABA, resulting in preventing the overproduction of ROS to alleviate oxidative injury induced by chilling. © 2011 Elsevier GmbH. Source

Yu F.-R.,Gansu Institute of Political Science and Law | Liu Y.,Gansu Academy of Medical science | Cui Y.-Z.,Northwest Normal University | Chan E.-Q.,Gansu Provincial Peoples Hospital | And 3 more authors.
American Journal of Chinese Medicine | Year: 2010

The present study investigated the effects of a flavonoid extract from Cynomorium songaricum on the swimming endurance of rats by measuring changes of free radical scavenging enzymes, such as CuZn-SOD (copper, zinc-superoxide dismutase) and GSH-px (glutathione peroxidase), and body weights. Significant and dose-dependent antioxidant and anti-fatigue effects of flavonoids (rutin, catechin and isoquercitrin) on swimming rats were observed during 10 days of swimming exercise. After treatment with the flavonoid extract at doses of 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 g/kg body weight, the CuZn-SOD and GSH-px activities in swimming rats were increased by 1.4%, 3.3%, 4.1% and 112.2%, 208.7%, 261.7%, respectively, while the levels of MDA (malondialdehyde) were decreased by 64.7%, 79.4%, and 86.4% respectively. Furthermore, the average body weight and the total swimming time were increased by 3.1%, 8.8%, 10.6%, and 7.7%, 34.5%, 61.5%, respectively. Our experimental results suggest that flavonoid supplementation could not only reduce free radical formation and scavenge free radicals, but also enhance endurance exercise performance by reducing muscle fatigue. © 2010 World Scientific Publishing Company & Institute for Advanced Research in Asian Science and Medicine. Source

Zhang J.,Lanzhou University | Zhang J.,Gansu Provincial Key Laboratory of Digestive System Tumors | Li Y.,Lanzhou University | Li Y.,Gansu Provincial Key Laboratory of Digestive System Tumors | And 9 more authors.
Oncology Reports | Year: 2011

Matrine has a wide range of pharmacological effects including antitumor activity in vitro and in vivo. Autophagy is closely associated with tumors and plays an important role in human tumor suppression, so inducing autophagy is a potential therapeutic strategy in adjuvant chemotherapy. The aim of this study was to investigate whether or not autophagy is involved in antitumor effects of matrine on human gastric cancer SGC-7901 cells, and to further elucidate the underlying molecular mechanisms. Sulphorhodamine B (SRB) assay was used to examine matrine's cytotoxicity against SGC-7901 gastric cancer cells. The effects of matrine on the cell cycle and apoptosis were measured by flow cytometry, and cellular morphology was observed under an inverted phase contrast microscope and transmission electron microscope. Monodansylcadaverine (MDC) staining was used to detect autophagy. The expression levels of Bax and Beclin 1 in SGC-7901 cells were monitored by real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The results showed that matrine significantly inhibited the proliferation of SGC-7901 gastric cancer cells and induced G1-phase cell cycle arrest Furthermore, both autophagy and apoptosis were activated during the matrine-induced death of SGC-7901 cells. Beclin 1 is involved in matrine-induced autophagy and the pro-apoptotic mechanisms of matrine may be associated with its up-regulation of Bax expression. These findings indicate that matrine is a potent antitumor agent for treating gastric cancer. The ability of matrine to induce autophagy underlines its potential utility as a new gastric cancer treatment modality. Source

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